* I REALLY ADMIRE A GUY IN MY KARATE
CLASS. HE IS EXTREMELY COMPETITIVE,
BUT WHEN HE WINS, HE IS NOT ARROGANT
LIKE SOME OF THE OTHER GUYS.
* HE IS NOT VERY OUTGOING, SO SOME
PEOPLE THINK HE IS BASICALLY JUST SHY.
MANNER ADVERBS VS
ADVERB OF MANNER
Use an adverb to modify how a person performs an
action or activity. A similar meaning may be
expressed with a prepositional phrase. "in this …
Use an adjective to modify the quality or
character of a noun.
MODIFIES THE VERB
MODIFIES THE NOUN
He is an excellent tennis player.
He plays tennis excellently. (adverb)
He plays tennis in an excellent manner. (prep phrase)
He is a graceful athlete.
He moves gracefully.
He moves in a graceful manner.
He is a smart player.
He dresses smartly. (fashionably)
He plays in a smart way. (strategic)
He is a defensive player.
He will play defensively in tomorrow's game.
He will play in a defensive manner in tomorrow's
He is a professional athlete.
He is an expert player.
He appears professionally at fundraisers. (appear –
take part in a public event) dynamic verb)
He plays expertly.
*He appears expertly. (appear – seem) (static verb).
GRAMAR ADVERBS BEFORE
Adjectives and adverbs
Look at these examples:
• Our holiday was too short - the
time went very quickly.
• The driver of the car was
seriously injured in the accident.
* Quickly and seriously are
adverbs. Many adverbs are
made from an adjective + -ly:
serious careful Quiet
Adverb quickly seriously
Not all words ending in -ly are adverbs.
Some adjectives end in -ly too, for
example: Friendly / lively / elderly /
lonely / silly / lovely
Adjectives (quick/careful etc.) tell us
about a noun. We use adjectives
before nouns and after some verbs,
• Tom is a careful driver, (not 'a
• We didn't go out because of the
• Please be quiet.
• I was disappointed that my exam
results were so bad.
We also use adjectives after the verbs
look/ feel/ sound etc.
• Why do you always look so serious?