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Matter, mind and higher dimensions – Bernard Carr

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Prof Bernard Carr …

Prof Bernard Carr
Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy
School of Physics and Astronomy
Queen Mary, University of London

Astronomer and mathematician Bernard Carr theorizes that many of the phenomena we experience but cannot explain within the physical laws of this dimension actually occur in other dimensions.

Albert Einstein stated that there are at least four dimensions. The fourth dimension is time, or spacetime, since Einstein said space and time cannot be separated. In modern physics, theories about the existence of up to 11 dimensions and the possibility of more have gained traction.

Carr, a professor of mathematics and astronomy at Queen Mary University of London, says our consciousness interacts with another dimension. Furthermore, the multi-dimensional universe he envisions has a hierarchical structure. We are at the lowest-level dimension.

“The model resolves well-known philosophical problems concerning the relationship between matter and mind, elucidates the nature of time, and provides an ontological framework for the interpretation of phenomena such as apparitions, OBEs [out-of-body experiences], NDEs [near-death-experiences], and dreams,” he wrote in a conference abstract.

Carr reasons that our physical sensors only show us a 3-dimensional universe, though there are actually at least four dimensions. What exists in the higher dimensions are entities we cannot touch with our physical sensors. He said that such entities must still have a type of space to exist in.

“The only non-physical entities in the universe of which we have any experience are mental ones, and … the existence of paranormal phenomena suggests that mental entities have to exist in some sort of space,” Carr wrote.

The other-dimensional space we enter in dreams overlaps with the space where memory exists. Carr says telepathy signals a communal mental space and clairvoyance also contains a physical space. “Non-physical percepts have attributes of externality,” he wrote in his book “Matter, Mind, and Higher Dimensions.”

He builds on previous theories, including the Kaluza–Klein theory, which unifies the fundamental forces of gravitation and electromagnetism. The Kaluza–Klein theory also envisions a 5-dimensional space.

In “M-theory,” there are 11 dimensions. In superstring theory, there are 10. Carr understands this as a 4-dimensional “external” space—meaning these are the four dimensions in Einstein’s relativity theory—and a 6- or 7-dimensional “internal” space—meaning these dimensions relate to psychic and other “intangible” phenomena.

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  • 1. MATTER, MIND AND HIGHER DIMENSIONS Bernard Carr Esalen (2010) Worlds Apart? Can Psychical Research Bridge The Gulf between Matter and Mind? Proceedings of SPR, Volume 59, 1- 96 (2008) • Why the bridge is opposed but necessary • Overview of attempts to connect psi and physics (2nd session) • New proposed paradigm (1st session) Matter, Mind and Higher Dimensions Paper circulated before meeting, outlining recent developments in • physics • psychophysics • philosophy • psychology • hyperphysics • feedback from Eric/Ed Network Review April 2010 A Brief History of Higher Dimensions Not circulated but available upon request
  • 2. UNIFICATION OF FORCES ELECTRIC MAGNETIC ELECTROMAGNETIC WEAK ELECTROWEAK STRONG GRAND UNIFICATION GRAVITY M-THEORY electric weak GUT big bang MACROMICRO strong Pyramid of Complexity M-theory Multiverse Higher dimensions Missing Jewel Crown of Physics Mind?
  • 3. ELECTRIC MAGNETIC ELECTROMAGNETIC WEAK ELECTROWEAK STRONG GRAND UNIFICATION GRAVITY M-THEORY CONSCIOUSNESS ? THEORY OF EVERYTHING …. but half world missing! Is psi a field/force? Pyramid of Complexity physical living mental WHAT IS MEANT BY DIMENSIONALITY? Newtonian picture assumes absolute 3D space (and time) hypercube Christus Hypercubus Salvador Dali
  • 4. Cube as square in square Hypercube as cube in cube Einstein “Special relativity” (1905): eliminates absolute space and time Minkowski (1906): 4-dimensional spacetime Kaluza (1919): 5th dimension unifies gravity and electromagnetism Klein (1926): 5th dimension compactified on Planck scale General Relativity (1916): gravity from curved spacetime M-theory (1995): seven compactified dimensions => 11D Randall-Sundrum (1999): 4D brane in higher-dimensional bulk Calabi-Yau Superstrings (1984): six compactified dimensions => 10D 3-brane compactified extended
  • 5. QUANTUM MECHANICS GENERAL RELATIVITY 6D 5D 4D 3D event horizon log (R/cm) log (M/gm) Planck scale revised Planck scale -5 proton LHC -24 -20 15 -13 -18 -33 Com pton wavelength Black hole radius rS= 2GM/c2 Uncertainty Principle !x > ! h "p ! "p h Generalized + lP 2 !MBH 1/(n-2) if n spatial dimensions => R > ! h Mc CLASSICAL tim e funny space funny PSYCHO-PHYSICS: THE PROBLEM OF TIME Einstein “block universe” does not describe flow of time => need extra mental time mystical union religious epiphany creative insight distant healing/PK gut feelings mundane profound telepathy premonitions clairvoyance genius saint psychic everyone healer rare common FREQUENCY IMPACT EXPERIENCES oceanic feeling deja vu NORMAL PARANORMAL SPIRITUAL
  • 6. mundane profound rare common frequency impact EXPERIENCES Rare experiences beyond the reach of science, but well accepted Common experiences, amenable to scientific study, but highly controversial Universal experiences, amenable to scientific study and uncontroversial mundane profound rare common frequency impact EXPERIENCES These experiences transform the world These experiences transform us PARAPSYCHOLOGY AS A BRIDGE MindMatter Experiment Experience 3rd person 1st person Science Spirituality Double-bridge! Science Parapsychology Spirituality Paraphysics Transpersonal New Paradigm
  • 7. We need A NEW PARADIGM * consciousness * transcendence of space and time * mental phenomena in some radically new way which incorporates… “Parapsychology is littered with hypothetical structures to explain the psi process, or some features of it, but no comprehensive theory… Either psi does not exist or psi is so fundamental that it is intimately interwoven into the very fabric of reality” (Jim Beichler 1998) MATTER External Internal Objective Subjective Public Private 3rd person 1st person Real Imaginary Experiment Experience Science Mysticism Outer SPACE Inner MIND TWO WORLDS CONSCIOUSNESS MIND ConsciousnessPerception Emotion < _ Cognition Volition _ _ _ > Meaning PHILOSOPHY PHYSICAL PERCEPTS 4D view: 4D object " 3D object + 3D percept • Broken circle " non-physicality because spatial and null slicings equally physical. 3D view: 3D object " 2D percept • Multiplicity of cats is illusory since there is only a single 4D cat. • Perceptual cat is not in the brain itself. • Solid box = spatial hypersurface => object-percept relation reflects nature of time.
  • 8. Phenomenal space for any consciousness is the part of spacetime connected to worldline of its body and sensory extensions though nexus of signalling worldlines. 4D EXTENDED MIND Spacetime diagrams of various perceptual processes (Whitehead/Weiss/Culbertson) telescope photograph mirror neuronal signals brain world tube PHYSICAL MEMORY PERCEPTS Memory C2B1 = C2B2+B2B1 Memory is not in brain but channeled through brain. Memories of physical events reflect direct access of consciousness to spacetime which contains events => memory is re-experiencing of past. 4D spacetime provides extra information capacity => evolutionary role of consciousness. (James Culbertson) NON-PHYSICAL PERCEPTS? But brain can replicate nexus to some extent => both tag and trace PARANORMAL PERCEPTS ClairvoyanceTelepathy or or = = A SPACE FOR MIND? PHENOMENAL SPACE Percepts associated with physical world (i.e. with external reality in standard view). * Representative theory => phenomenal space is secondary (internal construct) but development in physics => object is itself a representation. * Naïve realism => percept is object => perceptual space is physical percept. Difficult to uphold now but neuroscience only implies mapping between physical and perceptual space when consciousness associated with brain. * Phenomenal space is different from physical but just as real. Intersecting hyperplanes with moving intersection associated with flow of time (Smythies 1956). * Object and percept are lower-dimensional projections of single higher-dimensional object.
  • 9. MEMORY AND VISUALIZATION SPACE After-images akin to sensations - intermediate between phenomenal and memory space. * All memories stored in the brain and derive from physical world indirectly. Dream memories and reincarnation memories? All visualizations derive from physical world? * Memories of physical events reflect direct access of consciousness to spacetime which contains the events => memory is re-experiencing of past (Culbertson) Brain can replicate nexus to some extent but nexus persists after brain dies. 4D structure never disappears! Different types of memory: skill, episodic, semantic (Ed Kelly) DREAM SPACE “We inhabit two worlds simultaneously, the world of common experience governed by physical law and another space, quite as real, which obeys other laws….continuous dream-life goes on throughout our waking hours and occasionally we may catch a glimpse of it.” (Price 1955) “The distinction between the dream-world and nature is that thespacetime of the dream-world cannot conjoin with the scheme of the space-time of nature, as constituted by any part of nature. The dream-world is nowhere and at no time, though it has a dream-time and dream-space of its own.” (Whitehead) * Creation of brain. All dream images derive from jumbling up of images received through physical sensors while awake. Can be just as vivid as waking space (lucid dreams). Imagination can interact with dream scene but different from visualization space. Obvious overlap with memory space. * Different from physical space but may contain veridical information about past, present and future of physical space. * Physical events and dream events exist in different spacetimes * Broad merges dream space into a single communal space of more than 3 dimensions in which sensations of all kinds exist. PSI SPACE Core phenomena of ESP and PK but psi goes beyond this. * Psi is delusional! * Reductionist view in which brains communicate and observe/influence physical world through some unknown physical interaction. But psi associated with other phenomena less amenable to such explanations. * Non-physical percepts have attributes of externality. Telepathy => communal mental space. Clairvoyance => contains physical space (cf. Braude) Link between psi and dream space. Precognition => link with memory APPARITION SPACE * Hallucinations. But what about veridical or collective cases? * Exist in physical space. But why no physical trace? * Model 1: collective cases explained by telepathy and veridical information by clairvoyance “The visual solid constituting the apparition is provided by the percipient and in a collective case each percipient is providing the aspect of the visual solid appropriate to his own situation in space.” (Tyrrell 1943) * Model 2: apparitions exist in some non-physical space (cf. Myers’s metetherial space). But poltergeists imply some interaction with physical world? Does psi create apparition space or does apparition space explain psi? Myers V Gurney. SPONTANEOUS PSYCHOPHYSICAL INCIDENT DATA ELECTRONIC RECORDER Tony Cornell
  • 10. THRESHOLD SPACE David Hufford Pseudo-physical experiences on sleep/waking border, often associated with sleep paralysis (hypnogogic/hypnopompic images, false awakenings, “old hags”, abductions etc.) * Hallucinations associated with sleep paralysis. But experiences are transcultural and not easily attributed to expectation. * Real events in physical world since some features of environment seem to be genuine. But would they be physically recordable (cf. apparition/poltergeist)? * Superposition of non-physical and physical space? Obvious connection with apparition space and OBE space OBE SPACE * OBE space is mental construct with input from clairvoyance and PK if necessary. * OBE space is the same as physical space. Physical detection? * Duplicate of physical space. Higher planes suggest multispace model (Whiteman)? * Physical space and OBE space different aspects of single higher-dimensional space. WEIGHING THE SOUL (1969) NDE AND SURVIVAL SPACE OBE, tunnel effect, encounter with light and deceased love ones, life review, bridge. Obvious link with survival space, where soul is supposed to reside after death. * NDE space is mental construct of dying brain => nothing survives. Veridical information obtained from mediumistic communications explained by superpsi? * Space required for after-life is same as physical space but occupies different frequency range (Spiritualist view) * OBE space non-physical => survival space non-physical. Associated with dream space in many traditions. Obvious link with memory space since identity is associated with totality of memories. Need some form of “mental matter” as container of memory after death (Stevenson 1974) MYSTICAL SPACE Paul Marshall “It's as though the meditator is adjusting the focal length of his mind and encountering systematically different worlds depending on the settings achieved. But what functional state of the brain could correspond to these adjustments of focal length?” (Ed Kelly) Extrovertive experiences include sense of unity and wholeness, transcendence of space and time, eternal now/immortality, feeling of divinity/wonder/joy/beauty, deeper sense of reality, ineffability, intellectual illumination etc. * Delusory, result of cultural conditioning or even pathological. But many features hard to attribute to Cultural Source Hypothesis (Hufford) * Clearly not in physical world, although some mystical experiences triggered by nature * Mystical experiences access higher level of reality or hierarchy of levels (Whiteman 1986) Involve space but dramatic changes of specious present. Last plane may be state of pure consciousness (“purusa”) transcending space or time.
  • 11. NORMAL (1) Phenomenal space. Generated by perception of physical space through physical sensors. (2) Memory space. Replay of images and events experienced through physical sensors in the past. (3) Visualization space. Generated and controlled by imagination, related to creativity. (4) Dream space. Like memory and visualization space but more vivid and with other elements. PARANORMAL (5) Psi space. Involves both mental space and physical space, so directly links matter and mind. (6) Apparition space. Different from physical space but with some aspects of externality. (7) Threshold space. Pseudo-physical experiences on the threshold of sleep and waking. MYSTICAL (8) OBE space. Resembles physical space but is subtly different and changed by imagination. (9) NDE space. Relates to OBE space but other space-like experiences are involved. (10) Survival space. Where ‘soul’ dwells after death or between incarnations. (11) Mystical space. Associated with various extrovertive experiences, including ‘higher planes’. TABLE OF MENTAL SPACES Four views of relationship between physical and phenomenal space CONCLUSION. We need a space which unifies physical space, phenomenal space, memory space, visualization space, dream space, ESP space, apparition space, threshold space, OBE space, NDE space, survival space, mystical space. => GRAND UNIFIED THEORY OF MATTER AND MIND UNIVERSAL STRUCTURE * Step 1 There exists 3-dimensional space in which are localized both physical objects and sensors through which we observe objects. Each observer has only partial information about this space but there exists a 3-dimensional configuration which gives 2-dimensional projections concordant with those presented. Physical reality is 3-dimensional structure which consistently reconciles our perceptions of it. This gives controversy between naïve realism and representative theory * Step 2 Relativity theory implies that physical world is 4-dimensional, with the objects and observers being represented by world-lines and perceptual fields being 3-dimensional. Physical reality is 4-dimensional structure and this consistently reconciles our perceptions of it. This partly resolves naïve realism V representative theory controversy
  • 12. * Step 3 Space required to accommodate mental experiences must be a reality structure of more than four dimensions. This “Universal Structure” is higher-dimensional information space which reconciles our different experiences of the world. It has a hierarchical structure and incorporates physical space (past and future), as well as non-physical parts accessed only by mind. * Step 4 To accommodate the experience of time, memories, conscious intervention In the 4D structure and quantum potentialities, physical reality must be a 5-dimensional structure. Brane moves through 5th dimension in static bulk, with Universe emerging from 5D black hole. 5D structure also contains memories and possible futures and quantum potentialities * Step 5 Universal Structure is identified with the higher-dimensional space invoked by Kaluza-Klein paradigm. In particular, with Randall-Sundrum model, in which 4-dimensional brane embedded in higher dimensional bulk. This leads to “extended physics” which describes both standard physics and mental interactions. 5th dimension only gives global consciousness, need more dimensions for individual consciousness. UNIFICATION OF MENTAL SPACES PHENOM’ MEMORY 4D STRUCTURE 5D STRUCTURE 6D STRUCTURE SURVIVAL 7D STRUCTURE MYSTICAL APPARITION THRESHOLD OBE NDE DREAM PSI UNIVERSAL STRUCTURE