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  • 1. Water Information System for Europe European Environment Agency
  • 2. http://water.europa.eu EEA European Environment Agency
  • 3. Themes and Data European Environment Agency
  • 4. The state of Europe’s water systems What state? how much? European Environment Agency
  • 5. Time trends Rh on e Getting better or worse? European Environment Agency
  • 6. Pressures on the environment human, industrial, agriculture.. European Environment Agency
  • 7. State of Action in policies European Environment Agency
  • 8. Ecosystem services European Environment Agency
  • 9. Water accounts Services & Ecosystem accounts Natural assets accounts European Environment Agency
  • 10. Eionet water >3500 river stations in 32 countries >1500 lake stations 1100 groundwater bodies European Environment Agency
  • 11. Supporting our challenges on water on local, regional, European and global scales WFD Art5 EEA D G ESTAT EN JRC V European Environment Agency
  • 12. Services Space In-situ GMES systems systems Data Integration & Information Management European Environment Agency
  • 13. From stand-alone data to integration The Rhine Catchment Area: ca. 180,000 km² Countries Switzerland, Austria, France. Luxembourg, Germany, Netherlands Hydrological Characteristics Alpine Rhine mainly nival & glacial regime Floods in late spring / early summer middle + lower Rhine mainly pluvial regime Floods in winter and spring European Environment Agency
  • 14. Information from Eionet in WISE Finland and Gulf of Bothnia River stations Gauging stations Lake stations Marine stations European Environment Agency
  • 15. Policy relevant - trends total ammonia low pollution levels sparsely populated northern countries and in the Alps Austria high pollution levels are Belgium and Poland European Environment Agency
  • 16. Overall – marked reduction in ammonia 2002-5 Mid 1990s 2002-05 Mid-1990s Ammonium (mg N/l) 7% 13% < 0.04 17% 7% 27% 0.04-0.08 12% 12% 0.08-0.2 19% 0.2-0.4 16% 19% 0.4-1.0 28% 23% > 1.0 European Environment Agency
  • 17. Urban waste water treatment Tertiary treatment (nutrient removal) Secondary treatmen (removal of oxygen consuming substances) Primary treatment No treatment Zoom European Environment Agency
  • 18. Urban waste water treatment Tertiary treatment (nutrient removal) Secondary treatment (removal of oxygen consuming substances) Primary treatment No treatment European Environment Agency
  • 19. Nitrate in river stations 2005 low pollution levels Northern countries, Baltic States in the Alps and western Balkans high nitrate concentrations are found in western-central European countries with intensive agricultural areas European Environment Agency
  • 20. Nitrate by river basin districts 2005 Good agreement between nitrate map and regions of intensive agricultural land Mineral nitrogen fertiliser input (kg N/hectare) European Environment Agency
  • 21. From European level to station data Nitrate levels at rivers stations Weser European Environment Agency
  • 22. Assessing policy effectiveness e.g. development of phosphate concentrations in France European Environment Agency
  • 23. Assessing policy effectiveness Rhone Seine Loire European Environment Agency
  • 24. Next steps – ecosystem assessment Introduced species Water body restructuring, dams Species dynamics Hydromorphic change Water stress Available water resource Wetland vulnerability to pollution Condition of Water ecosystems Habitats state and dynamics Water quality, quality Fish decline of the rivers, lakes Condition of terrestrial Quality of coastal & marine ecosystems water Fragmentation of habitats Quality of groundwater Loss in buffering Landscape diversity capacities Bird Water Waste water Wetland drainage decline stress Biodiversity of discharge Eutrophication Loss of Water agrosystem natural/ semi- abstraction natural land Flooding Forest management Drainage Soil degradation Pesticides & fertilizers Loss of amenities (tourism) leakage to rivers, sea Urban sprawl Irrigation Transport networks Pesticides & fertilizers use Conversion of marginal land Water use Intensification of agriculture Land use/land cover European Environment Agency
  • 25. Next steps – integration across the Shared Environmental Information System for Europe Centralised Decentralised Distributed European Environment Agency
  • 26. SEIS sharing principles picked up in WISE implementation plan 2005-10 European Environment Agency
  • 27. WISE principles mirror SEIS principles Information should be managed as close as possible to its source Distributed WISE nodes Information is provided once and used for many purposes By 2007 Reportnet is the WFD reporting tool Information should be accessible to enable clients to make comparisons at the appropriate geographical scale cities, countries, river basins, catchment areas) Information should be made available to the public after due consideration of the appropriate level of aggregation, …http://water.europa.eu … given possible confidentiality constraints, and at national level in the national language(s) (needs to be developed) Focus on delivering cost-effective analytical tools and services that allow coherent and comparable use of SEIS at the European level, between the European and Eionet levels and between Eionet countries. HarmoniCA (see projects under http://water.europa.eu) European Environment Agency
  • 28. European Environment Agency
  • 29. http://water.europa.eu European Environment Agency