Report on GAUDIUM ET SPES
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Report on GAUDIUM ET SPES

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This presentation is all about the historical background, author, teachings, concerns of a Catholic Social Encyclical entitled, GAUDIUM ET SPES.

This presentation is all about the historical background, author, teachings, concerns of a Catholic Social Encyclical entitled, GAUDIUM ET SPES.

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    Report on GAUDIUM ET SPES Report on GAUDIUM ET SPES Presentation Transcript

    • START EXIT
    • GAUDIUM ET SPES Joy and Hope “The Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World”
    • Background Pope Paul VI Dec. 7, 1965
    • Background HISTORY: The document is an overview of the Catholic Church's teachings about humanity's relationship to society, especially in reference to economics, poverty, social justice, culture, science, technology and ecumenism. Approved by a vote of 2,307 to 75 of the bishops assembled at the council, it was promulgated on the day the council ended.
    • Background HISTORY: The document was not drafted before the council met, but arose from the floor of the council and was one of the last to be promulgated. Pope John XXIII, who was deathly ill at the time, was forced to watch the proceedings on closed circuit television. He was too sick to attend, and died within months.
    • Background HISTORY: Cardinal Leo Joseph Suenens of Belgium, urged the council to take on social responsibility for Third World suffering, International peace and war, and the poor. Marie-Dominique Chenu, was influential in the composition of Gaudium et Spes.
    • STRUCTURE I. Preface and Introduction (1-3; 4-10) II. Part 1: The Church and Man’s Calling Chapter 1: The Dignity of the Human Person Chapter 2: The Community of Mankind Chapter 3: Humanity’s Activity in the Universe Chapter 4: Role of the Church in Modern World
    • STRUCTURE III. Part 2: Some Problems of Special Urgency Chapter 1: Fostering the Nobility of Marriage and Family Chapter 2: Proper Development of Culture Chapter 3: Economic and Social Life Chapter 4: The Life Political Community Chapter 5: The Fostering of Peace and the Promotion of Community of Nations IV. Conclusion: Role of Individual Christians and of Local Churches
    • •PREFACE (1-3) •Addressed to all people expressing the Church’s desire to dialogue with the whole human family by using the common language of “personhood”. •The human person is the “point of contact” between the concerns of the Church and those of the world.
    • INTRODUCTION (4-10) • The “joys and hopes, sorrows and anxieties” of the people of the world are the concerns of the People of God (#1) • Church’s duty: to scrutinize the “signs of the times” (#4) • Technological changes have caused social changes (#5)
    • INTRODUCTION (4-10) • These changes have affected everybody— individuals, families, communities, and nations— with both good and bad results (#’s 6-7). • Conflicting forces have ensued: tremendous wealth and abject poverty, great freedom and psychological slavery (#9). • Conviction has grown that humanity can establish a political order that will serve human dignity(#10).
    • PART 1: The Church and Human Vocation •What does it mean to be human today? • Reading the signs of the times, common values are sought and Jesus Christ proclaimed.
    • CHAPTER 1:Human Dignity • Created in God’s image (free and intelligent), and as a social being (#12) • Split within self: inclination toward good and evil (#13) • Dignity depends on freedom to obey one’s conscience (#16)
    • CHAPTER 2:Human Community •Technological changes have created interdependence without fostering interpersonal relationships (#23) •Advancement of individuals and society depends on everyone (#25) •All must work for the common good (#26)
    • •Everything necessary for a truly human life must be made available for us (#26) •Scripture mandates love of neighbor; every person is our neighbor; active love is necessary (#28) •Jesus calls us God’s children so we should treat each other as sisters and brothers (#32) CHAPTER 2:Human Community
    • CHAPTER 3: Humanity’s Activity Throughout the World •God creates humans to be together. Human community reflects Trinitarian community. We are called to be neighbor to each other: even to forgive our enemies. Focus on the demands of social justice and Catholic Social Teaching (#’s 33-39)
    • CHAPTER 4: Church In The Modern World •The Church and humanity experience the same earthly situation (#40) •History, science, and culture reveal the true nature of the human person (#41) •The Church is not bound to any particular political, economic, or social system (#42) •The Church needs to purify herself continually (#43)
    • •Individual Christians need to penetrate the world with a Christian spirit and witness to Jesus in the midst of human society (#43) •The Church can be helped by the world in preparing the ground for the Gospel (#44) •The Church’s mission, part saving and part eschatological, begins in this world; Jesus is Lord of history (#45) CHAPTER 4: Church In The Modern World
    • PART 2: Some More Urgent Problems •While Gaudium et Spes consists of two parts: (1) Doctrinal, (2) Pastoral—the document is seen as an organic whole. •The Doctrinal (theoretical) does not overlook the Pastoral (practical) and the practical (Pastoral) does not overlook the theoretical (Doctrinal).
    • •Families are the foundation of society (#47) •Destructive to marriage are: divorce, free love, excessive self-love, polygamy, worship of pleasure, certain modern economic-social-political conditions, overpopulation (#47) • Marriage is intended for the procreation and education of children and a whole manner and communion of life (#50) CHAPTER 1: Dignity of Marriage and the Family
    • •Responsible parenthood is advocated (#50) •From the moment of conception, life must be regarded with sacred care (#51) •The healthy condition of individuals and society depends on stable families (#52) CHAPTER 1: Dignity of Marriage and the Family
    • CHAPTER 2: Proper Development of Culture (53-62) •Culture is “all that goes toward refining and developing of humanity’s diverse mental •and physical endowments”. •Culture must serve the human person. This means Christians must recognize every person’s right to culture and its benefits.
    • •Culture in its general sense indicates everything whereby man develops and perfects his many bodily and spiritual qualities; he strives by his knowledge and his labor, to bring the world itself under his control. •He renders social life more human both in the family and the civic community, through improvement of customs and institutions…. CHAPTER 2: Proper Development of Culture (53-62)
    • •Throughout the course of time he expresses, communicates and converses in his works, great spiritual experiences and desires that they might be of advantage to the progress of many, even the whole family. (# 2) CHAPTER 2: Proper Development of Culture (53-62)
    • CHAPTER 3: Economic and Social Life BASIC PRINCIPLES •Human beings are “the source, the center, and the purpose of all socio-economic life” (#63) •Fundamental imbalances between wealth and poverty exist in today’s world (#63)
    • CHAPTER 3: Economic and Social Life ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT •Technological progress which serves the whole person must be fostered (#64) •Progress must be controlled by humanity (#65) •Justice necessitates a quick removal of economic inequities (#66)
    • CHAPTER 3: Economic and Social Life ECONOMIC LIFE •Human labor is superior to other elements of economic life; economic activity detrimental to the worker is wrong and inhuman (#67) •Workers should participate in running an enterprise (#67) •God intended the earth for everyone; private property should benefit all (#67) •All have a right to goods sufficient for themselves and their families (#69)
    • CHAPTER 3: Economic and Social Life ECONOMIC LIFE •Distribution of goods should be directed toward employment (#70) •Public authorities can guard against those misuses of private property which hurt the common good (#71) •Genuine sharing of goods is called for (#71)
    • CHAPTER 4: Political Community •Modern changes have increased the awareness of human dignity and the desire to establish a just political-juridical order (#73) •Public authorities (and individual citizens) should work for the common good (#74)
    • CHAPTER 4: Political Community •Church and political community (#76): - both serve the vocation of humans; - Church has the right to pass moral judgments when human rights are at stake; -Church should use the means of the Gospel to fulfill its mission.
    • CHAPTER 5: Fostering Peace and Establishment of Community of Nation BASIC PRINCIPLES •With modern weapons, humanity is in a crisis situation (#77) •Most noble meaning of “peace”—based on love, harmony, trust, and justice—should be fostered (#78)
    • CHAPTER 5: Fostering Peace and Establishment of Community of Nation •Non-violence and conscientious objection are legitimate (#79) •Just defense is permissible, but not wars of subjugation (#79) • Participation in armed services is allowed, but not blind obedience to orders (#79) •With new weapons, a new evaluation of war is needed (#80) AVOIDANCE OF WAR
    • CHAPTER 5: Fostering Peace and Establishment of Community of Nation AVOIDANCE OF WAR •Arms race is not the way to build peace; it can actually foster wars and it injures the poor (#81) • No act of war at population centers is permissible (#81) •Deterrence “is not a safe way to preserve steady peace” (#81) •Everyone has responsibility to work for disarmament (#82)
    • CHAPTER 5: Fostering Peace and Establishment of Community of Nation BUILDING UP THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY •Causes of dissension, especially injustices, need to be eliminated (#83) •Greater international cooperation demands the establishment of an international organization corresponding to modern obligations (#’s 84-85) •Development of whole person is to be fostered (#86)
    • CHAPTER 5: Fostering Peace and Establishment of Community of Nation BUILDING UP THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY •Ecumenical cooperation is needed to achieve justice (#88) •Church must be present to injustice (#89)
    • Gaudium et Spes ends the way it began: with a heartfelt appeal to the whole world; both within thechurch and beyond. It calls for sincere dialogue and admits that this is only the beginning. The Church is there to better help all men, believers or not, to find their vocation, to build a world that better reflects the dignity of man, to foster a wider brotherhood. CONCLUSION
    • BACK TO MAIN MENU EXIT