Disability Policy: Assistive Technology &  Employment<br />Alexander C Kazerooni<br />Introduction to Science & Technology...
Outline<br />Introduction<br />Background<br />Evidence<br />Stakeholders<br />Value Analysis<br />Policy Assessment<br />...
The Reality<br />There is a disability caused by a motor vehicle crash every 30 seconds.<br />The probability of at least ...
2004 Assitive Technology Act<br />Present Need<br />54 Million Americans<br />Natural Part of Human Experience<br />Public...
Risk vs. Certainty<br />Mixture of policy frameworks<br />Tornado<br />Abortion<br />Policy Principle<br />Avoidance<br />...
Background: Fragmented Policies<br />2015 ‘Mandate’ 100,000 People with Disability<br />People with Disability have lower ...
Evidence<br />Education<br />Employment<br />
Evidence<br />
National Institute for Disability Research and Rehabilitation: Logic Model<br />
Stakeholders: <br />Sponsored<br />spontaneous<br />Value- Knowledge <br />Tension<br />
Value Analysis<br />DoEd- NIDRR <br />NIH, DHHS, NCMRR<br />NSF<br />VA<br />SBA<br />SSA<br />Inclusion<br />Tumultuous ;...
Policy Assessment: Public & Market Failure<br />Avoidance Principle<br />Precautionary  Principle (Budget)<br />
Policy AssessmentPublic & Market Failure<br />Public: False Starts<br />Market: <br />Non-competitive<br />Executive Order...
Recommendation: National Laboratory Agility<br />Execute long-term government missions with substantial scientific and tec...
Bibliography<br />* Health Association of America; The New York Times, 02.02<br />**National Safety Council Accident Facts...
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Policy Analysis of Disability Assistive Technology in the U.S. Project assignment for UM Pub Pol 650.

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  • If an action/policy might cause significant harm to the public, in the absence of scientific consensus that harm would NOT ensue, the burden of proof falls on those who would advocate taking ‘risky’ actionLowers threshold of scientific proof necessary for labeling something an unacceptable risk
  • In the U.S., non-police males have a life-expectancy of 73 years. Policemen in the U.S. have a life expectancy of 53-66 years, http://www.newgeography.com/content/001145-police-pensions-and-voodoo-actuarialsCharts forIn the U.S., non-police males have a life-expectancy of 73 years. Policemen in the U.S. have a life expectancy of 53-66 years, RD Total R&amp;D over timePvt vs. public RDDisability RDEmployment TrendsDisability Employment TrendsProjections
  • 54 % Increase of death from Heart Attack for ‘seated’ employees.
  • Online+disability policy+assistivetechnology

    1. 1. Disability Policy: Assistive Technology & Employment<br />Alexander C Kazerooni<br />Introduction to Science & Technology <br />Policy Analysis<br />Pub Pol 650<br />Professor Jason M Cross<br />April 13, 2011<br />
    2. 2. Outline<br />Introduction<br />Background<br />Evidence<br />Stakeholders<br />Value Analysis<br />Policy Assessment<br />Recommendations<br />“We are only beginning to understand<br />the interaction among the medical,<br />environmental and societal factors that link<br />to disability.” NIDRR<br />
    3. 3. The Reality<br />There is a disability caused by a motor vehicle crash every 30 seconds.<br />The probability of at least one owner in a two-owner firm becoming disabled before reaching age 65 is 23%, if each is age 30<br />30% of all people 35 to 65 will suffer a disability for at least 90 days and one in seven will be disabled for five years.*<br />Approximately 90% of disabilities are caused by illnesses rather than accidents<br />
    4. 4. 2004 Assitive Technology Act<br />Present Need<br />54 Million Americans<br />Natural Part of Human Experience<br />Public Value Mapping & Programs<br />Acknowledges lack of Coordination<br />State Assistive Technology Programs<br />1 ATAP per State<br />Governor assigns lead agency<br />Advisory Council<br />Consumer Responsive, Consumer Driven<br />Planning, Implementation<br />Quantified Metrics / Outcomes<br />Health, Employment, Education<br />Funding<br />Grants proportional to population basis<br />[$1.2M < $ 0.6M ]<br />Dept of Education NIDRR >$200M<br />Collaboration: Market Size: $2.86 Billion<br />Employment<br />National Public Awareness Toolkit<br />
    5. 5. Risk vs. Certainty<br />Mixture of policy frameworks<br />Tornado<br />Abortion<br />Policy Principle<br />Avoidance<br />Assistance Benefits<br />SSA<br />
    6. 6. Background: Fragmented Policies<br />2015 ‘Mandate’ 100,000 People with Disability<br />People with Disability have lower levels of education<br />States can decide not to serve a section of state citizens<br />People with Disability require accommodations for equality and economic freedom<br />Discrimination includes lack of accommodations<br />
    7. 7. Evidence<br />Education<br />Employment<br />
    8. 8. Evidence<br />
    9. 9. National Institute for Disability Research and Rehabilitation: Logic Model<br />
    10. 10. Stakeholders: <br />Sponsored<br />spontaneous<br />Value- Knowledge <br />Tension<br />
    11. 11. Value Analysis<br />DoEd- NIDRR <br />NIH, DHHS, NCMRR<br />NSF<br />VA<br />SBA<br />SSA<br />Inclusion<br />Tumultuous ; <br />Ideological<br />Trust<br />Universities<br />Philanthropy<br />Social Entrepreneurs<br />Technology Entrepreneurs<br />Security<br />Autonomy <br />Funding<br />Citizens<br />Citizen Scientists<br />Small Business<br />Industry<br />Productivity, Reliability, Profit<br />
    12. 12. Policy Assessment: Public & Market Failure<br />Avoidance Principle<br />Precautionary Principle (Budget)<br />
    13. 13. Policy AssessmentPublic & Market Failure<br />Public: False Starts<br />Market: <br />Non-competitive<br />Executive Order<br />2010<br />1998<br />Legislation<br />1990 ADA Amendment Act<br />2008 ADA <br />1998 RA- Amendment <br />Section 508 (IT)<br />1974 RA<br />USSC<br />2010 Google Accessibility<br />2007 DOJ vs. UMICH<br />2004 State’s Rights<br />1998 Olmstead vs.. L.C.<br />Young Tech Infrastructure<br />Low Tech Transfer<br />Low Translation <br />Low Commercialization<br />4 NAIC Codes<br />Few commercial providers<br />40,000 Products, little function. <br />Adoption Barriers <br />Market barriers: Features, Benefits, Cosy<br /> Corporate ‘Risk & Liability’ Culture <br />Sustainability <br />NIDRR Funding<br />NIDRR ‘LOGIC ‘ model for public value and end user creativity<br />Leadership Gap<br />Social<br />Technical<br />Society Acceptance<br />
    14. 14. Recommendation: National Laboratory Agility<br />Execute long-term government missions with substantial scientific and technological content.<br />Develop unique scientific capabilities beyond the scope of academic and industrial institutions.<br />Government desires assured access.<br />Multi-disciplinary teams.<br />Distinctive, powerful research facilities and user facilities <br />Safe and secure operating environments essential to national interests. <br />Ensuring a strong portfolio of laboratories.<br />Defining and awarding research programs<br />Building and refreshing world class capabilities<br />Maintaining laboratory infrastructure.<br />Reviewing and assuring management and operations performance.<br />Champion need for a National Public Inclusive Infrastructure<br />
    15. 15. Bibliography<br />* Health Association of America; The New York Times, 02.02<br />**National Safety Council Accident Facts, 02.02<br />***Based on recent disability insurance industry experience<br />http://www.ncddr.org/products/researchexchange/v05n01/strategyresults.html<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7pkdfOOoIw0<br />

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