Methodology in the English Classroom

1,214 views
949 views

Published on

This presentation offers a genral view of the main aspects to be taken into consideration when teaching an English class. I revise key concepts such as "methodology", "approach" and "method", and I also take into account some characteristics of the XXI century learner as well as the use of technology for teaching.

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,214
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
14
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
53
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Methodology in the English Classroom

  1. 1. Universidad Pedagógica Experimental Libertador Instituto Pedagógico de Caracas Teaching methodology in the English classroom Prof. Alexis Maizo VenTESOL 30th Annual National Convention Valencia, May 2012
  2. 2. Eight questions to answer 1. What’s methodology? 2. What should we consider when teaching? 3. How can we use the textbook? 4. What are learners like? 5. Should we work with the four skills? 6. What should we consider in each skill? 7. Who monitors students? 8. What do we use technology for? References Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  3. 3. 1. What’s methodology? Methodology is generally a guideline system for solving a problem, with specific components such as phases, tasks, methods, and tools. It analyzes the principles of methods, approaches, rules, and postulates employed by a discipline. Adapted from: http://goo.gl/zOpel Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  4. 4. What’s an approach? According to Richards and Rodgers (1986), an approach is “a set of correlative assumptions dealing with the nature of language teaching and learning.” (p. 15) Back to: What’s methodology? Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  5. 5. What’s a method? A method is an overall plan for the orderly presentation of language material which should be coherent with the selected approach. A method implies procedures (Richards and Rodgers, 1986). Next Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  6. 6. Three methods; two approaches •Grammar-Translation Method •Audio-lingual method •Total Physical Response (TPR) •Natural Approach •Communicative Approach Back to: questions to answer Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  7. 7. 2. What should we consider when teaching? Materials Textbooks, audio/video activities, magazines, newspaper s, etc. Students Age, styles, interests, etc. Context Classroom conditions, available resources, duration of the class, etc. learning Back to: questions to answer Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  8. 8. 3. How can we use the textbook? Learners' needs, or classroom conditions lead us to: • Change, skip, or adapt content/activities. • Bring a new set of activities especially designed for the class: readings, listenings, or games. Back to: questions to answer Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  9. 9. 4. What are learners like? Nowadays, most of them are: • Inclined towards group activities. • Digital literate. • Weak readers (long texts are not their strength). • Likely to prefer inductive discovery. (Adapted from: http://www.uwex.edu/disted/conference/ ) Back to: questions to answer Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  10. 10. 5. Should we work with the four skills? Teachers can design activities integrating, at least, two skills at a time:  Reading to speak/write;  Listening to write/speak;  Writing to read and then to speak. There should be a clear purpose for every task/activity. Back to: questions to answer Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  11. 11. 6. What should we consider in each skill? (I) Listening • Purpose: fulfill a task/have a class discussion • Exposure: Once is not enough. • Design: teacher-generated/adapted Reading • Comprehension through techniques • Exposure: authentic texts • Role of reading aloud vs. reading silently. Next Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  12. 12. 6. What should we consider in each skill? (II) Speaking • Purpose: develop communicative abilities. • Variety of activities (topic/task–based) • Turn-taking Writing • Purpose: expression of ideas • Writing process • As a means/as an end Back to: questions to answer Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  13. 13. 7. Who monitors students? • Their peers • Themselves Echoing (Harmer, 2009) • The teacher Direct correction from the teacher is the last resource after the group has tried to get it right. Back to: questions to answer Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  14. 14. 8. What do we use technology for? • Working in class (if possible) • Assigning activities/homework (individual, whole group, etc.) • Designing activities (as a resource for teachers) • Practicing freely (as a resource for students) Next Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  15. 15. Some resources for teachers and students • British Council • BBC learning English • ELLLO (English Listening Lesson Library On-line) • V.O.A (Voice of America) • Speak Up Magazine Next Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  16. 16. What should we bear in mind? • Learning inductively • Encouraging thinking through issues • Focusing on problem solving skills • Making connections • Avoiding memorization of content Back to: questions to answer Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  17. 17. References Brumfit, C. (1984) Communicative methodology in language teaching. London: Cambridge University Press. Hedge, T. (1991) Writing. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Hirvela, A. (2004) Connecting reading and writing in second language writing instruction. Michigan: University of Michigan Press. Larsen-Freeman, D. (1986) Techniques and principles in language teaching. New York: Oxford University Press. Nation, I. (2009) Teaching ESL/EFL reading and writing. Abingdon: Routledge. Richards, J. & Rodgers. T. (2001) Approaches and methods in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University press. Scovel, T. (2001) Learning new languages: a guide to second language acquisition. Ontario: Heinle & Heinle. Ur, P. (1996) A Course in Language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Teaching methodology in the English classroom
  18. 18. Thank you! alexhp1987@hotmail.com @AlexisMaizo Teaching methodology in the English classroom

×