RFID Innovation FrontlineTM

                                         1Q. 2009




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved ...
Table of Contents
1. Executive Summary ......................................................................................
Table of Contents -2
4. IF AnalyticsTM ……………………………………...……………………….……….....41

4.1    Customized Classifications Used in RF...
List of Figures
Fig. 3.1 Growth trends for the RFID technology innovations …………………………21
Fig. 3.2 Top 10 Assignees for the ...
List of Figures -2
Fig.   4.3 PII for Customized Classifications of RFID Patents …………….……………72
Fig.   4.4 PFS for Customiz...
1   Executive Summary

                                             2 Introduction

                                      ...
Executive Summary
This is a brief report for results from for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Innovation
FrontlineTM...
Executive Summary -2
US leads the RFID technology innovations (75% share in issued patents) followed by
Japan and Germany...
Executive Summary -3
Application main class is further classified as product sub-classes and market sub-
classes:

•Produc...
Executive Summary -4
Automation is the most active field of application technology innovations followed by
item managemen...
Executive Summary -5
Patent Impact Index (PII) is the CPP for a specific class divided by the CPP for all
classes. A clas...
Executive Summary -6
Key findings in IF EnterpriseTM are as follows:

Micron Technology is the reader in tag innovations ...
Executive Summary -7

Intermec is a leader in tag antenna innovations followed by 3M and Motorola.

Micron Technology is...
1   Executive Summary

                                             2    Introduction

                                   ...
2.1 What is RFID Innovation FrontlineTM?

RFID Innovation FrontlineTM is a research report on the technology innovations
l...
2.2 What’s in RFID Innovation FrontlineTM?

1. IF StatisticsTM

IF StatisticsTM shows technology innovations landscape fro...
2.2 What’s in RFID Innovation FrontlineTM? -2

3. IF EnterpriseTM

IF EnterpriseTM shows the technology innovations landsc...
2.3 Mining Process for RFID Innovation FrontlineTM

Step 1. Getting Patent Data:
•Patent Data Base Used in the Research: U...
1   Executive Summary

                                             2 Introduction

                                      ...
3.1 Number of Patents by Year

Since the United States is such a large market for products and services from nearly all
te...
Fig. 3.1 Growth trends for the RFID technology innovations




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                     ...
Table 3.1 Data for fig. 3.1



     Year            1983     1984       1985   1986   1987   1988   1989   1990   1991   1...
3.2 Number of Patents by Assignee

Number of patents for an assignee divided by the total number of patents gives what
per...
Fig. 3.2 Top 10 assignees for the RFID technology innovations




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                  ...
Table 3.2 Data for fig. 3.2


                           Assignee            Number of Patents

                      Micr...
3.3 Number of Patents by Assignee’s Nationality

Percentage by the total number of patents issued to assignees with foreig...
Fig 3.3 Top 10 assignees’ nationality




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved   www.techipm.com   27
Table 3.3 Data for fig. 3.3


                   Assignee’s Nationality   Number of Patents

                             ...
3.4 Number of Patents by UPC

The US Patent Classification (UPC) system classifies patents by function, structure,
product...
Fig. 3.4 Top 10 UPC main classes for the RFID technology
innovations

                                             340   C...
Table 3.4 Data for fig. 3.4


                          UPC Class      Total

                               340       127...
3.5 Number of Patents by US Family

A member of the US family is the related patents such as continuation, continuation-in...
Fig 3.5 Top 10 patents by the number of US family patents




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                      ...
Table 3.5 Data for fig. 3.5


                        Patent Number    Number of US Family Patents

                      ...
3.6 Number of Patents by International Family

When one US patent results in several patent applications in many different...
Fig 3.6 Top 10 patents by the number of international family
patents




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved           ...
Table 3.6 Data for fig. 3.6


                        Patent Number    Number of International Family Patents

           ...
3.7 Number of Patents by Forward Citation

A number of forward citations is a count for how many citations a patent receiv...
Fig 3.7 Top 10 most cited patents




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved   www.techipm.com   39
Table 3.7 Data for fig. 3.7


                        Patent Number    Number of Citations

                          US55...
1   Executive Summary

                                             2    Introduction

                                   ...
4.1 Customized Classifications Used in RFID
                             Innovation FrontlineTM
Main Classes: Tag, Reader,...
4.1 Customized Classifications Used in RFID
                            Innovation FrontlineTM -2
Sub-system sub-classes:
...
4.1 Customized Classifications Used in RFID
                            Innovation FrontlineTM -3
Product Sub-classes for ...
4.1 Customized Classifications Used in RFID
                            Innovation FrontlineTM -4
Market Sub-classes for A...
4.1 Customized Classifications Used in RFID
                            Innovation FrontlineTM -5
Fig 4.1.1-1 and Fig. 4.1...
4.1 Customized Classifications Used in RFID
                            Innovation FrontlineTM -6
Fig 4.1.5 shows the dist...
Fig 4.1.1-1 Growth trends for the RFID classes by issued year




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                  ...
Table 4.1-1 Data for fig. 4.1-1
    Issued Year                          Tag   Reader   Sub-system        Application
    ...
Fig 4.1.1-2 Growth trends for the RFID classes by
application year




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved             ...
Table 4.1-2 Data for fig. 4.1-2
   Application Year                      Tag   Reader   Sub-system           Application
 ...
Fig 4.1.2 Distribution of patents among RFID classes




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                 www.techip...
Table 4.1.2 Data for fig. 4.1.2




     Class                     Tag       Reader   Sub-system   Application       Testi...
Fig 4.1.3 Distribution of patents among tag sub-classes




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                    www....
Table 4.1.3 Data for fig. 4.1.3


                           Sub-class     Number of Patents

                            ...
Fig 4.1.4 Distribution of patents among reader sub-classes




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                     ...
Table 4.1.4 Data for fig. 4.1.4



                           Sub-class      Number of Patents


                         ...
Fig 4.1.5 Distribution of patents among sub-system sub-classes




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                 ...
Table 4.1.5 Data for fig. 4.1.5



                           Sub-class      Number of Patents


                   Middle...
Fig 4.1.6 Distribution of patents among application sub-classes




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                ...
Table 4.1.6 Data for fig. 4.1.6



                           Sub-class          Number of Patents


                     ...
Fig 4.1.7 Distribution of patents among testing method
sub-classes




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved             ...
Table 4.1.7 Data for Fig. 4.1.7


                           Sub-class      Number of Patents


                          ...
Fig 4.1.8 Distribution of patents among product sub-classes




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                    ...
Table 4.1.8 Data for fig. 4.1.8



                           Sub-class        Number of Patents


                       ...
Fig 4.1.9 Distribution of patents among market sub-classes




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                     ...
Table 4.1.9 Data for fig. 4.1.9


                          Sub-system       Number of Patents

                     Asset...
4.2 Cites per Patent


Cites per patent (CPP) is a mean value of citations received by a specific patent class
from subseq...
Fig. 4.2 CPP for customized classifications of RFID patents

                                           Aa   IC/Chip
     ...
Table 4.2 Data for fig. 4.2

                            Sub-class       CPP
                                Aa        9.6...
4.3 Patent Impact Index

Patent Impact Index (PII) is the CPP for a specific class divided by the CPP for all
classes:
PII...
Fig. 4.3 PII for customized classifications of RFID patents

                                                  Aa   IC/Chi...
Table 4.3 Data for fig. 4.3

                            Sub-class      PII
                               Aa        1.077...
4.4 Patent Family Size


Patent Family Size (PFS) is the number of international families (foreign patent
applications) fo...
Fig. 4.4 PFS for customized classifications of RFID patents

                                                Aa   IC/Chip
...
Table 4.4 Data for fig. 4.4
                            Sub-class      PFS
                                Aa       5.5078...
4.5 PFS vs. CPP Matrix

A chart for PFS vs. CPP matrix may be used to show a quality landscape for a specific
class relati...
Fig. 4.5 PFS vs. CPP matrix for the classifications of RFID patents

                                                 Aa  ...
Table 4.5 Data for fig. 4.5


                Sub Class                   PFS        CPP
                   Aa            ...
4.6 Technology Development Snapshot for UHF Tag Antenna

Technology development snapshot for a focused field of technology...
1   Executive Summary

                                             2 Introduction

                                      ...
5.1 Number of Patents by Assignee for
                              Customized Classifications
Ranking the assignees by th...
5.1 Number of Patents by Assignee for
                              Customized Classifications -2
Fig. 5.1.4 shows the top...
Fig. 5.1.1 Top 20 assignees for RFID technology innovations




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                    ...
Table 5.1.1 Data for fig. 5.1.1

               Assignee                  Tag   Reader   Sub-system           Application
...
Fig. 5.1.2 Top 10 assignees for tag technology innovations




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                     ...
Table 5.1.2 Data for fig. 5.1.2


                           Assignee       Number of Patents

                      Micro...
Fig. 5.1.3 Top 10 assignees for reader technology innovations




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                  ...
Table 5.1.3 Data for fig. 5.1.3


                           Assignee            Number of Patents

                      ...
Fig. 5.1.4 Top 10 assignees for sub-system technology
innovations




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved              ...
Table 5.1.4 Data for fig. 5.1.4


                           Assignee            Number of Patents

                      ...
Fig. 5.1.5 Top 10 assignees for application technology
innovations




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved             ...
Table 5.1.5 Data for fig. 5.1.5


                           Assignee        Application

                               I...
5.2 Patent Portfolio by Assignee

A visualization of each assignee’s patent portfolios can give a competitive landscape fo...
5.2 Patent Portfolio by Assignee -2


Fig. 5.2.2-4 shows the top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for tag manufacturing sub...
Fig. 5.2.1 Top 10 assignees’ RFID patent portfolios




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                www.techipm....
Table 5.2.1 Data for fig. 5.2.1

               Assignee                  Tag   Reader   Sub-system           Application
...
Fig. 5.2.2-1 Top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for customized
sub-classes




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved    ...
Table 5.2.2 Data for figs. 5.2.2-1 to 5.2.2-6
                        Micron                                              ...
Fig. 5.2.2-2 Top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for tag chip/IC




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved               ...
Fig. 5.2.2-3 Top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for tag antenna




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved               ...
Fig. 5.2.2-4 Top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for tag
manufacturing




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved         ...
Fig. 5.2.2-5 Top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for tag
architecture




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved          ...
Fig. 5.2.2-6 Top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for reader protocol




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved           ...
5.3 Activity Index for Intermec’s RFID Patents

Activity Index (AI) is a measure of a company’s innovation activities in a...
Fig. 5.3 Activity index for Intermec’s RFID patents




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                www.techipm....
Table 5.3 Data for fig. 5.3

          Main Class                             Sub-class             Intermec’s AI
        ...
5.4 Citations Matrix for Intermec’s RFID Patents

Backward Citation vs. Forward Citation matrix may be used to show qualit...
Fig. 5.4 Citation portfolios for Intermec’s RFID patents




©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved                     ww...
Table 5.4 Data for fig. 5.4


     Patent Number                       Backward Citation   Forward Citation
        610080...
5.5 Competitor Analysis: Intermec vs. Motorola

Fig. 5.5 shows a comparison in RFID patent portfolios between Intermec and...
Fig. 5.5 Intermec vs. Motorola RFID patent portfolios

                                                 Aa     IC/Chip
   ...
Table 5.5 Data for fig. 5.5

                 Sub-class               Intermec   Motorola(Symbol)

                    Aa ...
Thank you!



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RFID Innovation Frontline 2009 1 Q

  1. 1. RFID Innovation FrontlineTM 1Q. 2009 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com
  2. 2. Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary .............................................................................................7 2. Introduction …………………………………………………………………………... 14 2.1 What is RFID Innovation FrontlineTM? ……………….…………………………....15 2.2 What’s in RFID Innovation FrontlineTM? …….…………..………………………...16 2.3 Mining Process for RFID Innovation FrontlineTM ……..…………………………..18 3. IF StatisticsTM ……………………………………...……………………….……….....19 3.1 Number of Patents by Year ………………………………………………………...20 3.2 Number of Patents by Assignee ……………………………………………..…….23 3.3 Number of Patents by Assignee’s Nationality ………………………………..…..26 3.4 Number of Patents by UPC …………………………………………...……………29 3.5 Number of Patents by US Family …………………………………………...……..32 3.6 Number of Patents by International Family ……………………………………….35 3.7 Number of Patents by Forward Citation …………………………………………..38 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 2
  3. 3. Table of Contents -2 4. IF AnalyticsTM ……………………………………...……………………….……….....41 4.1 Customized Classifications Used in RFID Innovation FrontlineTM ……………..42 4.2 Cites per Patent ……………………………………………………………………..68 4.3 Patent Impact Index …………………………………………………………………71 4.4 Patent Family Size …………………………………………………………………..74 4.5 PFS vs. CPP Matrix …………………………………………………………………77 4.6 Technology Development Snapshot for UHF Tag Antenna …………………….80 5. IF Enterprise TM …………………………………...……………………….……….....81 5.1 Number of Patents by Assignees for Customized Classifications …………….82 5.2 Patent Portfolio by Assignee ………………………………………………………94 5.3 Activity Index for Intermec’s RFID Patents ………………………………….…..94 5.4 Citations Matrix for Intermec’s RFID Patents …………………………………..105 5.5 Competitor Analysis: Intermec vs. Motorola ……………………………………111 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 3
  4. 4. List of Figures Fig. 3.1 Growth trends for the RFID technology innovations …………………………21 Fig. 3.2 Top 10 Assignees for the RFID Technology Innovations ……………………24 Fig 3.3 Top 10 Assignees’ Nationality …………………………………………………..27 Fig. 3.4 Top 10 UPC Main Classes for the RFID Technology Innovations ……….…30 Fig 3.5 Top 10 Patents by the number of US Families ………………………………..33 Fig 3.6 Top 10 Patents by the number of International Families ………….………….36 Fig 3.7 Top 10 Most Cited Patents ………………………………………………………39 Fig 4.1.1-1 Growth Trends for the RFID Classes by Issued Year …………………..48 Fig 4.1.1-2 Growth Trends for the RFID Classes by Application Year ……….……..50 Fig 4.1.2 Distribution of Patents among RFID Classes ………………………………52 Fig 4.1.3 Distribution of Patents among Tag Sub-classes ……………………………54 Fig 4.1.4 Distribution of Patents among Reader Sub-classes …………………….….56 Fig 4.1.5 Distribution of Patents among Sub-system Sub-classes ……………….…58 Fig 4.1.6 Distribution of Patents among Application Sub-classes …………………...60 Fig 4.1.7 Distribution of Patents among Testing Method Sub-classes ……………...62 Fig 4.1.8 Distribution of Patents among Product Sub-classes …………………….…64 Fig 4.1.9 Distribution of Patents among Market Sub-classes ………………………..66 Fig. 4.2 CPP for Customized Classifications of RFID Patents ……………………….69 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 4
  5. 5. List of Figures -2 Fig. 4.3 PII for Customized Classifications of RFID Patents …………….……………72 Fig. 4.4 PFS for Customized Classifications of RFID Patents ………………………..75 Fig. 4.5 PFS vs. CPP matrix for the classifications of RFID patents ………………78 Fig. 5.1.1 Top 20 Assignees for RFID Technology Innovations ……………………...84 Fig. 5.1.2 Top 10 Assignees for Tag Technology Innovations ……………………….86 Fig. 5.1.3 Top 10 Assignees for Reader Technology Innovations …………………...88 Fig. 5.1.4 Top 10 Assignees for Sub-system Technology Innovations ……………...90 Fig. 5.1.5 Top 10 Assignees for Application Technology Innovations ……………….92 Fig. 5.2.1 Top 10 Assignees’ RFID Patent Portfolios ………………………………….96 Fig. 5.2.2-1 Top 10 Assignees’ Patent Portfolios for Customized Sub-classes …….98 Fig. 5.2.2-2 Top 10 Assignees’ Patent Portfolios for Tag Chip/IC …………….…….100 Fig. 5.2.2-3 Top 10 Assignees’ Patent Portfolios for Tag Antenna …………………101 Fig. 5.2.2-4 Top 10 Assignees’ Patent Portfolios for Tag Manufacturing ………….102 Fig. 5.2.2-5 Top 10 Assignees’ Patent Portfolios for Tag Architecture …………….103 Fig. 5.2.2-6 Top 10 Assignees’ Patent Portfolios for Reader Protocol …………….104 Fig. 5.3 Activity Index for Intermec’s RFID Patents ………………………………….106 Fig. 5.4 Citation portfolios for Intermec’s RFID patents ……………………………..109 Fig. 5.5 Intermec vs. Motorola RFID Patent Portfolios ………………………………112 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 5
  6. 6. 1 Executive Summary 2 Introduction 3 IF StatisticsTM TM 4 IF Analytics 5 IF EnterpriseTM ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com
  7. 7. Executive Summary This is a brief report for results from for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Innovation FrontlineTM research. RFID Innovation FrontlineTM shows a technology innovations landscape for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID). RFID Innovation FrontlineTM utilizes patent information to assess the state of the art for technology innovations in RFID. RFID Innovation FrontlineTM analyzes the utility patents issued in the United States (US) before January 1, 2009. The first part of RFID Innovation FrontlineTM is the IF StatisticsTM. IF StatisticsTM shows a RFID technology innovations landscape from the statistical analysis of bibliographical patent information such as the application/published/issued year, assignees, inventors, and patent classification codes etc. Key findings in the IF StatisticsTM are as follows: Growth trends for the RFID technology innovations show that the active technology innovations started from 1999 and peaked at 2004. The results also show that the RFID technology lies nearly at the end of technology development stage of the technology life cycle as of December 31, 2008. Micron Technology is the leader in RFID technology innovations followed by Intermec as of December 31, 2008. Motorola merged with Symbol appears as a strong contender for leading the RFID technology innovations. ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 7
  8. 8. Executive Summary -2 US leads the RFID technology innovations (75% share in issued patents) followed by Japan and Germany . The US Patent Classification (UPC) classifies RFID mainly as communication and data processing technology and applications. The second part of RFID Innovation FrontlineTM is the IF AnalyticsTM . IF AnalyticsTM shows a RFID technology innovations landscape from the in-depth quantitative and qualitative analysis of patent information by customized technology classifications: •Main classes: Tag, Reader, Sub-system, Application, Testing Method •Tag sub-classes: IC/Chip, Chipless, Protocol, Antenna, Sensing, Special, Packaging, Manufacturing, Archi tecture •Reader sub-classes: IC/Module, Protocol, Antenna/RF, Design/Platform, Control/Operation •Sub-system sub-classes: Middleware & IT System, Multi-component, Label Printer •Application sub-classes: Automation, Verification/Access Control, Tracking/Locating, Transaction, Item Management •Testing method sub-classes: Tag Testing, System Testing, Site Survey, Installation ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 8
  9. 9. Executive Summary -3 Application main class is further classified as product sub-classes and market sub- classes: •Product sub-classes: Medical Device, Image Forming Device, Document, Computing/Communication Device, and Automobile/Tire •Market sub-classes: Retail, Healthcare, Logistics, Transportation, Security, Asset Management, Manufacturing, Entertainment, Financial Service Key findings in IF AnalyticsTM are as follows: Application is the most active field of RFID technology innovations followed by tag. Architecture is the most active field of tag technology innovations followed by IC/chip. Protocol is the most active field of reader technology innovations followed by antenna/RF. Multi-component is the most active field of sub-system technology innovations followed by label printer. ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 9
  10. 10. Executive Summary -4 Automation is the most active field of application technology innovations followed by item management. Automobile/tire is the most active field of technology innovations in product sub- classes followed by computing/communication device. Asset management is the most active field of technology innovations in market sub- classes followed by security. Method for tag testing is the most active field of technology innovations in testing method sub-classes followed by system testing. Cites per patent (CPP) is a mean value of citations received by a specific patent class from subsequent patents. High CPP value is often associated with important innovations, which are key to future development in technology innovations. Tag antenna, tag architecture, and reader protocol are the top three classes in high value of CPP. ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 10
  11. 11. Executive Summary -5 Patent Impact Index (PII) is the CPP for a specific class divided by the CPP for all classes. A class with PII higher than 1 means that this class consists of high quality patents for competitiveness in technology innovations compare to other classes. Tag antenna, tag architecture, reader protocol, reader design/platform, and multi-component sub-system are the sub-classes that the value of PII is higher than 1 Patent Family Size (PFS) is the number of international families (foreign patent applications) for a specific class divided by the total number patents for all classes. A class with high value of PFS means that this class may have be competitive in market share of emerging global market compare to other classes. Transaction application shows the highest value of PFS. The last part of RFID Innovation FrontlineTM is the IF EnterpriseTM. IF EnterpriseTM shows a RFID technology innovations landscape for a specific company. In addition to all the contents in the IF StatisticsTM and IF AnalyticsTM, IF EnterpriseTM can include analysis for a specially requested research by customer: •Due diligence for patent portfolios •Strategy for the patent portfolio development ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 11
  12. 12. Executive Summary -6 Key findings in IF EnterpriseTM are as follows: Micron Technology is the reader in tag innovations followed by Intermec and Motorola. Micron Technology and Motorola are leaders in reader innovations followed by Intermec and Impinj. ZIH and Fargo Electronics are leaders in sub-system innovations followed by Motorola and SAP. IBM is a leader in application innovations followed by Motorola. A visualization of each assignee’s patent portfolios in a single chart can give a competitive landscape for the RFID technology innovations. Micron Technology and Intermec have strong patent portfolios in tag and reader. IBM has strong patent portfolios in application. Micron Technology has strong patent portfolios in tag IC/chip while Intermec has strong patent portfolios in tag architecture ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 12
  13. 13. Executive Summary -7 Intermec is a leader in tag antenna innovations followed by 3M and Motorola. Micron Technology is a leader in tag manufacturing innovations followed by Avery Dennison and Motorola. Intermec is a leader in tag architecture innovations followed by Micron Technology and Motorola. Micron Technology is a leader in reader protocol innovations followed by Intermec and Motorola. Activity Index (AI) is a measure of a company’s innovation activities in a specific technology field. AI for Intermec shows that tag packaging technology is the most active of Intermec’s innovations followed by sensing tag. A chart for Backward Citation vs. Forward Citation matrix may be used to show a quality landscape of a company’s patent portfolios. A study for the Intermec’s Backward Citation vs. Forward Citation matrix shows that a large number of Intermec’s RFID patents are located in high values in forward citation and low values in backward citation. ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 13
  14. 14. 1 Executive Summary 2 Introduction 3 IF StatisticsTM TM 4 IF Analytics 5 IF EnterpriseTM ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com
  15. 15. 2.1 What is RFID Innovation FrontlineTM? RFID Innovation FrontlineTM is a research report on the technology innovations landscape for Radio Frequency Identification (RFID). RFID Innovation FrontlineTM utilizes patent information to assess the state of the art for technology innovations in RFID. RFID Innovation FrontlineTM analyzes the utility patents issued in the United States (US) before January 1, 2009. Since the patent information are changed over time, this report only reflects the technology innovations landscape up to the time the analysis is conducted. RFID Innovation FrontlineTM is based on the statistical and analytical methods for mining patent information. Research for RFID Innovation FrontlineTM is done by an expert both in intellectual property (IP) and technology subject matter. RFID Innovation FrontlineTM can be used by customers for: •Trend analysis for RFID technology/product/market forecasting •Planning RFID technology/business strategy •Competitive Intelligence for RFID industry •IP strategy for RFID R&D •Opportunity analysis for RFID technology licensing ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 15
  16. 16. 2.2 What’s in RFID Innovation FrontlineTM? 1. IF StatisticsTM IF StatisticsTM shows technology innovations landscape from the statistical analysis of bibliographical patent information such as the application/published/issued year, assignees, inventors, and patent classification codes etc.: •Number of issued patents/published applications by application and issued year •Ranking information by assignee (or inventor), nationality, UPC (or IPC), patent families, and citations 2. IF AnalyticsTM IF AnalyticsTM shows the technology innovations landscape from the in-depth quantitative and qualitative analysis of patent information by customized technology classifications: •Number of patents by customized technology classifications •Top assignees’ patent portfolios by customized technology classifications •Innovation indexes such as cites per patent (CPP), patent impact index (PII), and patent family size (PFS) •Technology development snapshot for a focused field of technology ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 16
  17. 17. 2.2 What’s in RFID Innovation FrontlineTM? -2 3. IF EnterpriseTM IF EnterpriseTM shows the technology innovations landscape for specific companies. In addition to all the contents in the IF StatisticsTM and IF AnalyticsTM , IF EnterpriseTM can include analysis for a specially requested research by customers: •Duo diligence •Strategy for the patent portfolio development ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 17
  18. 18. 2.3 Mining Process for RFID Innovation FrontlineTM Step 1. Getting Patent Data: •Patent Data Base Used in the Research: USPTO PAIR, WIPSGlobal, and Delphion •Searching Method: keyword search for RFID and its variations such as IC tag, RF card, and RF label etc. •Field of Search: front page (title, abstract, references etc.) and the first independent claim of a patent issued before January, 1, 2009 Step 2. Cleaning: review the keyword searched patent data for excluding design patents and patents whose subject field is not directly related with RFID (e.g. CallerID) The number of patents reduces to 2559 from 3703 initially keyword searched patents in this step. Step 3. Statistical analysis: analyze the bibliographical information Step 4. Customized technology classifications: classification by RFID expert Step 5. Analytical analysis: quantitative and qualitative analysis for patent data categorized by the customized classifications ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 18
  19. 19. 1 Executive Summary 2 Introduction 3 IF StatisticsTM TM 4 IF Analytics 5 IF EnterpriseTM ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com
  20. 20. 3.1 Number of Patents by Year Since the United States is such a large market for products and services from nearly all technology innovations, a patent counting for growth in patenting over a period of times and distribution across technology areas can be a good measuring tool for monitoring the evolution of technology innovations. Since there is usually a time lag between the initial application date and the issue date by two to three years, both of issued date and application date are used in this research. This report analyzes the patents issued by USPTO before January 1, 2009. Fig. 3.1 shows the growth trends for the RFID technology innovations. Key interpretation: active technology innovations started from 1999 and peaked at 2004 The results show that the RFID technology lies nearly at the end of technology development stage of the technology life cycle as of December 31, 2008. ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 20
  21. 21. Fig. 3.1 Growth trends for the RFID technology innovations ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 21
  22. 22. Table 3.1 Data for fig. 3.1 Year 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 Number of Patents by Issued Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 7 9 20 Number of Patents by Application Year 1 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 8 9 20 33 31 Year 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Number of Patents by Issued Year 26 27 35 47 90 122 116 116 168 191 404 546 630 Number of Patents by Application Year 36 68 102 159 155 186 254 282 498 478 194 37 5 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 22
  23. 23. 3.2 Number of Patents by Assignee Number of patents for an assignee divided by the total number of patents gives what percentage the assignee contributes to the RFID technology innovations. Ranking the assignees by the number of issued patents is thus an important part of visualizing the innovations landscape. Fig. 3.2 shows the top 10 assignees for the RFID technology innovations. Key interpretation: Micron Technology including Micron Communications is a leader in the RFID technology innovations followed by Intermec It is interesting to note that the recent promotion of Motorola merged with Symbol as a strong contender for leading the RFID technology innovations. ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 23
  24. 24. Fig. 3.2 Top 10 assignees for the RFID technology innovations ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 24
  25. 25. Table 3.2 Data for fig. 3.2 Assignee Number of Patents Micron Technology 123 Intermec 111 IBM 107 Motorola(Symbol) 104 3M 51 Avery Dennison 45 Hitachi 36 Impinj 35 Fujitsu 31 Battelle Memorial Institute 27 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 25
  26. 26. 3.3 Number of Patents by Assignee’s Nationality Percentage by the total number of patents issued to assignees with foreign nationality shows how strong the domestic innovation activities compare to the foreign innovation activities. Fig. 3.3 shows top 10 nationality for the RFID technology innovations. Key interpretation: US leads the innovations followed by Japan and Germany ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 26
  27. 27. Fig 3.3 Top 10 assignees’ nationality ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 27
  28. 28. Table 3.3 Data for fig. 3.3 Assignee’s Nationality Number of Patents US 1785 JP 244 DE 65 CA 39 TW 39 KR 38 FI 31 CH 21 FR 18 GB 16 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 28
  29. 29. 3.4 Number of Patents by UPC The US Patent Classification (UPC) system classifies patents by function, structure, product, and industry use. Ranking the patents by the number of a specific UPC can provide insight about the field of applications for the developed technology innovations. Fig. 3.4 shows the top 10 UPC main classes for the RFID technology innovations. Key interpretation: UPC classifies RFID mainly as communication and data processing technological applications ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 29
  30. 30. Fig. 3.4 Top 10 UPC main classes for the RFID technology innovations 340 COMMUNICATIONS: ELECTRICAL 235 REGISTERS 343 COMMUNICATIONS: RADIO WAVE ANTENNAS 455 TELECOMMUNICATIONS 342 COMMUNICATIONS: DIRECTIVE RADIO WAVE SYSTEMS AND DEVICES (E.G., RADAR, RADIO NAVIGATION) 705 DATA PROCESSING: FINANCIAL, BUSINESS PRACTICE, MANAGEMENT, OR COST/PRICE DETERMINATION 700 DATA PROCESSING: GENERIC CONTROL SYSTEMS OR SPECIFIC APPLICATIONS 370 MULTIPLEX COMMUNICATIONS 702 DATA PROCESSING: MEASURING, CALIBRATING, OR TESTING 438 HAVING ORGANIC SEMICONDUCTIVE COMPONENT ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 30
  31. 31. Table 3.4 Data for fig. 3.4 UPC Class Total 340 1278 235 402 343 101 455 83 342 48 705 40 700 36 370 30 702 23 438 22 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 31
  32. 32. 3.5 Number of Patents by US Family A member of the US family is the related patents such as continuation, continuation-in part, and divisional patent applications. Ranking the patents by the number of US family patents can provide information about the genealogical dynamics for the technology innovations. Fig. 3.5 shows the top 10 RFID patents by the number of US family patents. Key interpretation: assignees for the top 10 patents by the number of US family patents are as follows Patent Number Assignee US6644771 Silverbrook Research US6947571 Digimarc US7406214 Digimarc US7089099 Automotive Technologies International US6484080 Automotive Technologies International US6820897 Automotive Technologies International US6244512 Intermec US7360689 American Express Travel US7303120 American Express Travel US7059531 American Express Travel ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 32
  33. 33. Fig 3.5 Top 10 patents by the number of US family patents ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 33
  34. 34. Table 3.5 Data for fig. 3.5 Patent Number Number of US Family Patents US6644771 936 US6947571 546 US7406214 530 US7089099 322 US6484080 321 US6820897 302 US6244512 268 US7360689 147 US7303120 145 US7059531 145 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 34
  35. 35. 3.6 Number of Patents by International Family When one US patent results in several patent applications in many different countries, all of the patent applications associated with the US patent is called the international family patents. A large number of international family patents could mean th e US patent can be competitive in market share of emerging global market. Fig. 3.6 shows the top 10 RFID patents by the number of international family patents. Key interpretation: assignees for the top 10 patents by the number of US family patents are as follows Patent Number Assignee US6644771 Silverbrook Research US6947571 Digimarc US7406214 Digimarc US7360689 American Express Travel US7303120 American Express Travel US7059531 American Express Travel US7249112 American Express Travel US7306158 American Express Travel US7239226 American Express Travel US7119659 American Express Travel ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 35
  36. 36. Fig 3.6 Top 10 patents by the number of international family patents ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 36
  37. 37. Table 3.6 Data for fig. 3.6 Patent Number Number of International Family Patents US6644771 480 US6947571 212 US7406214 212 US7360689 168 US7303120 168 US7059531 168 US7249112 167 US7306158 157 US7239226 157 US7119659 157 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 37
  38. 38. 3.7 Number of Patents by Forward Citation A number of forward citations is a count for how many citations a patent receives from subsequent patents. A highly cited patent could represent an important technology innovations. Fig. 3.7 shows the top 10 most cited patents for the RFID technology innovations. Key interpretation: assignees for the top 10 most cited patents are as follows Patent Number Assignee US5528222 IBM US5629981 Texas Instruments US5963134 Checkpoint US6100804 Intermec US5682143 IBM US5317309 Westinghouse US5497140 Micron Technology US6025780 Checkpoint US5936527 E-Tag Systems US6107920 Motorola ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 38
  39. 39. Fig 3.7 Top 10 most cited patents ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 39
  40. 40. Table 3.7 Data for fig. 3.7 Patent Number Number of Citations US5528222 308 US5629981 297 US5963134 206 US6100804 176 US5682143 157 US5317309 146 US5497140 142 US6025780 140 US5936527 140 US6107920 132 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 40
  41. 41. 1 Executive Summary 2 Introduction 3 IF StatisticsTM 4 IF AnalyticsTM 5 IF EnterpriseTM ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com
  42. 42. 4.1 Customized Classifications Used in RFID Innovation FrontlineTM Main Classes: Tag, Reader, Sub-system, Application, Testing Method Tag sub-classes: •IC/Chip:semiconductor devices, memory, rectifier, demodulator, logic IC •Chipless: organic semiconductor devices, SAW (Surface Acoustic Wave) devices •Protocol: encoding/decoding of communication signal /data layout of tag memory •Antenna: antenna pattern, function improvement, multi-antenna system •Sensing: tags with sensing functionality •Special: tags used with metal or high temperature environment, security protected tag, privacy-aware tag •Packaging: package assembly, attaching methods, molding and shielding methods •Manufacturing: fabricating methods, assemblies •Architecture: multi-band/multi-function design, physical/functional layer design, components integration methods Reader sub-classes: •IC/Module: transceiver IC, DSP module RF front-end module •Protocol: air interface protocol, anti-collision protocol, modulation protocol •Antenna/RF: antenna arrangement, multi-band antenna, antenna multiplexer •Design/Platform: multi-band/protocol design, portable platform, housing methods •Control/Operation: operation methods, automatic/remote control methods ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 42
  43. 43. 4.1 Customized Classifications Used in RFID Innovation FrontlineTM -2 Sub-system sub-classes: •Middleware/IT System: RFID network management, servers, visualization system, Data acquisition/management systems, APIs •Multi-component: tag-reader combination, tag-reader control system, RFID coupler •Label Printer: label applicator system, tag reader/writer Application sub-classes: •Automation: Control/Monitoring/Informing Automation •Verification/Access Control: user verification, security system •Tracking/Locating: method for tracking personnel and articles, location based service (LBS) system •Transaction: POS transactions, electronic payment system •Item Management: inventory, animal management, conveyor systems, manufacturing items/tools management Testing Method sub-classes: •Tag Testing: tag testing device, tag performance indicator •System Testing: system for monitoring performance of an RFID system, apparatus for measuring a read range between a tag and a reader •Site Survey: automatic radio site survey, method for identifying topology for RFID deployment •Installation: tag installation system, method for optimally placing antennas ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 43
  44. 44. 4.1 Customized Classifications Used in RFID Innovation FrontlineTM -3 Product Sub-classes for Application Class: •Medical Device: surgical machine, implantable medical devices, Dental cleaning device •Image Forming Device: printing apparatus, camera/camcorder •Computing/Communication Device: wireless mouse, wireless phone, PDA •Document: printed document •Automobile/Tire: wheel assembly, tire pressure monitoring system ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 44
  45. 45. 4.1 Customized Classifications Used in RFID Innovation FrontlineTM -4 Market Sub-classes for Application Class: •Retail: shopping cart conveyor, marketing system, self-service checkout device •Healthcare: Drug delivery management system, orthopedic component •Logistics: container monitoring system, shipping pallet •Transportation: passenger door open request system, parking system •Security: theft protection system, portable security alarm •Asset Management: library monitoring system, inventory control system •Manufacturing: parts assembly management system, system for manufacturing control •Entertainment: card game monitoring system, apparatus for identifying a golf ball •Financial Service: ATM, device for digitizing checks ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 45
  46. 46. 4.1 Customized Classifications Used in RFID Innovation FrontlineTM -5 Fig 4.1.1-1 and Fig. 4.1.1-2 show growth trends for the RFID classes by issued and application year respectively. Key interpretation: active innovations started from 1999 and peaked at 2004 for each type of class Fig 4.1.2 shows the distribution of patents among customized RFID classes. Key interpretation: application is the most active field of RFID technology innovations followed by tag Fig 4.1.3 shows the distribution of patents among tag sub-classes. Key interpretation: architecture is the most active field of tag technology innovations followed by IC/chip Fig 4.1.4 shows the distribution of patents among reader sub-classes. Key interpretation: protocol is the most active field of reader technology innovations followed by antenna/RF ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 46
  47. 47. 4.1 Customized Classifications Used in RFID Innovation FrontlineTM -6 Fig 4.1.5 shows the distribution of patents among sub-system sub-classes. Key interpretation: multi-component is the most active field of sub-system technology innovations followed by label printer Fig 4.1.6 shows the distribution of patents among application sub-classes. Key interpretation: automation is the most active field of application technology innovations followed by item management Fig 4.1.7 shows the distribution of patents among testing method sub-classes. Key interpretation: method for tag testing is the most active field of technology innovations in testing method sub-classes followed by system testing Fig 4.1.8 shows the distribution of patents among products in application sub-classes. Key interpretation: automobile/tire is the most active field of technology innovations in product sub-classes followed by computing/communication device Fig 4.1.9 shows the distribution of patents among markets in application sub-classes. Key interpretation: asset management is the most active field of technology innovations in market sub-classes followed by security ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 47
  48. 48. Fig 4.1.1-1 Growth trends for the RFID classes by issued year ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 48
  49. 49. Table 4.1-1 Data for fig. 4.1-1 Issued Year Tag Reader Sub-system Application 1990 0 0 1 1 1991 0 0 0 1 1992 0 0 0 1 1993 2 1 2 2 1994 5 1 1 2 1995 9 6 3 2 1996 10 11 2 3 1997 6 9 3 9 1998 12 6 3 14 1999 23 12 1 11 2000 48 9 7 24 2001 61 23 4 32 2002 50 23 5 37 2003 39 11 3 62 2004 57 24 11 76 2005 54 17 18 102 2006 86 46 27 240 2007 147 64 33 289 2008 166 63 54 331 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 49
  50. 50. Fig 4.1.1-2 Growth trends for the RFID classes by application year ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 50
  51. 51. Table 4.1-2 Data for fig. 4.1-2 Application Year Tag Reader Sub-system Application 1990 0 0 0 0 1991 1 1 2 4 1992 5 1 2 1 1993 8 6 3 3 1994 11 13 2 7 1995 12 7 2 10 1996 11 9 3 13 1997 38 9 4 16 1998 52 17 4 28 1999 69 28 9 52 2000 53 28 3 69 2001 55 24 11 94 2002 81 23 20 130 2003 62 26 13 179 2004 128 49 43 268 2005 121 52 45 244 2006 60 29 9 93 2007 7 5 2 21 2008 0 0 0 5 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 51
  52. 52. Fig 4.1.2 Distribution of patents among RFID classes ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 52
  53. 53. Table 4.1.2 Data for fig. 4.1.2 Class Tag Reader Sub-system Application Testing Method Number of Patents 775 326 178 1240 40 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 53
  54. 54. Fig 4.1.3 Distribution of patents among tag sub-classes ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 54
  55. 55. Table 4.1.3 Data for fig. 4.1.3 Sub-class Number of Patents IC/Chip 128 Chipless 27 Protocol 58 Antenna 78 Sensing 20 Special 13 Packaging 69 Manufacturing 156 Architecture 226 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 55
  56. 56. Fig 4.1.4 Distribution of patents among reader sub-classes ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 56
  57. 57. Table 4.1.4 Data for fig. 4.1.4 Sub-class Number of Patents IC/Module 41 Protocol 121 Antenna/RF 62 Design/Platform 58 Control/Operation 44 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 57
  58. 58. Fig 4.1.5 Distribution of patents among sub-system sub-classes ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 58
  59. 59. Table 4.1.5 Data for fig. 4.1.5 Sub-class Number of Patents Middleware/IT System 38 Multi-component 98 Label Printer 42 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 59
  60. 60. Fig 4.1.6 Distribution of patents among application sub-classes ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 60
  61. 61. Table 4.1.6 Data for fig. 4.1.6 Sub-class Number of Patents Automation 622 Verification/Access Control 147 Tracking/Locating 274 Transaction 40 Item Management 157 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 61
  62. 62. Fig 4.1.7 Distribution of patents among testing method sub-classes ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 62
  63. 63. Table 4.1.7 Data for Fig. 4.1.7 Sub-class Number of Patents Tag Testing 24 System Testing 10 Site Survey 2 Installation 4 Total 40 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 63
  64. 64. Fig 4.1.8 Distribution of patents among product sub-classes ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 64
  65. 65. Table 4.1.8 Data for fig. 4.1.8 Sub-class Number of Patents Automobile/Tire 56 Computing/Communication Device 45 Image Forming Device 31 Medical Device 19 Document 16 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 65
  66. 66. Fig 4.1.9 Distribution of patents among market sub-classes ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 66
  67. 67. Table 4.1.9 Data for fig. 4.1.9 Sub-system Number of Patents Asset Management 70 Security 68 Retail 63 Healthcare 53 Transportation 39 Logistics 34 Financial Service 34 Entertainment 27 Manufacturing 21 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 67
  68. 68. 4.2 Cites per Patent Cites per patent (CPP) is a mean value of citations received by a specific patent class from subsequent patents. High CPP value is often associated with important innovations, which are key to future development in technology innovations. Tag antenna, tag architecture, and reader protocol are the top three classes in high value of CPP. Fig. 4.2 shows CPP for the customized classifications of RFID patents Key interpretation: tag antenna, tag architecture, and reader protocol are the top three classes for high value of CPP ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 68
  69. 69. Fig. 4.2 CPP for customized classifications of RFID patents Aa IC/Chip Ab Chipless Ac Protocol Ad Antenna Ae Sensing Af Special Ag Packaging Ah Manufacturing Ai Architecture Ba IC/Module Bb Protocol Bd Design/Platform Be Control/Operation Ca Middleware/IT System Cb Multi-component Cc Label Printer Da Automation Db Verification/Access Control Dc Tracking/Locating Dd Transaction De Item Management ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 69
  70. 70. Table 4.2 Data for fig. 4.2 Sub-class CPP Aa 9.6171875 Ab 2.851851852 Ac 9.327586207 Ad 16.54545455 Ae 9.2 Af 5.153846154 Ag 8.492753623 Ah 10.75 Ai 17.73893805 Ba 6.170731707 Bb 16.9338843 Bc 10.55555556 Bd 12.25862069 Be 7.636363636 Ca 2.973684211 Cb 12.94897959 Cc 6.19047619 Da 6.754019293 Db 3.326530612 Dc 9.46350365 Dd 4.8 De 8.433121019 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 70
  71. 71. 4.3 Patent Impact Index Patent Impact Index (PII) is the CPP for a specific class divided by the CPP for all classes: PII(a class) = CPP(a class)/CPP(all classes) A class with PII higher than 1 means that this class consists of high quality patents for competitiveness in technology innovations compare to other classes. Fig. 4.3 shows PII for the customized classifications of RFID patents Key interpretation: tag antenna, tag architecture, reader protocol, reader design/platform, and multi-component sub-system are the sub-classes that the value of PII is higher than 1 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 71
  72. 72. Fig. 4.3 PII for customized classifications of RFID patents Aa IC/Chip Ab Chipless Ac Protocol Ad Antenna Ae Sensing Af Special Ag Packaging Ah Manufacturing Ai Architecture Ba IC/Module Bb Protocol Bd Design/Platform Be Control/Operation Ca Middleware/IT System Cb Multi-component Cc Label Printer Da Automation Db Verification/Access Control Dc Tracking/Locating Dd Transaction De Item Management ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 72
  73. 73. Table 4.3 Data for fig. 4.3 Sub-class PII Aa 1.077701 Ab 0.319578 Ac 1.045248 Ad 1.854082 Ae 1.030951 Af 0.57754 Ag 0.951697 Ah 1.204644 Ai 1.987824 Ba 0.691492 Bb 1.897609 Bc 1.182855 Bd 1.3737 Be 0.85573 Ca 0.333231 Cb 1.451061 Cc 0.693704 Da 0.756855 Db 0.372771 Dc 1.060479 Dd 0.537888 De 0.945015 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 73
  74. 74. 4.4 Patent Family Size Patent Family Size (PFS) is the number of international families (foreign patent applications) for a specific class divided by the total number patents for all classes: PFS(a class) = International Family Patents(a class)/Total Patents(all classes) A class with high value of PFS means that this class may have be competitive in market share of emerging global market compare to other classes. Fig. 4.4 shows PFS for the customized classifications of RFID patents Key interpretation: transaction application shows the highest value of PFS ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 74
  75. 75. Fig. 4.4 PFS for customized classifications of RFID patents Aa IC/Chip Ab Chipless Ac Protocol Ad Antenna Ae Sensing Af Special Ag Packaging Ah Manufacturing Ai Architecture Ba IC/Module Bb Protocol Bd Design/Platform Be Control/Operation Ca Middleware/IT System Cb Multi-component Cc Label Printer Da Automation Db Verification/Access Control Dc Tracking/Locating Dd Transaction De Item Management ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 75
  76. 76. Table 4.4 Data for fig. 4.4 Sub-class PFS Aa 5.507813 Ab 4.37037 Ac 5.517241 Ad 6.207792 Ae 5.3 Af 1.769231 Ag 3.347826 Ah 6.288462 Ai 6.349558 Ba 5.170732 Bb 6.22314 Bc 6.222222 Bd 8.034483 Be 6.090909 Ca 10.02632 Cb 5.846939 Cc 11.19048 Da 6.487138 Db 4.204082 Dc 5.40146 Dd 56.925 De 6.732484 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 76
  77. 77. 4.5 PFS vs. CPP Matrix A chart for PFS vs. CPP matrix may be used to show a quality landscape for a specific class relative to others. A specific class located in the upper right corner of the matrix chart (high value both in PFS and CPP) may can have competitive advantage compare to other classes in developing a successful market globally. Fig. 4.5 shows PFS vs. CPP matrix for the customized classifications of RFID patents Key interpretation: tag antenna, tag architecture, and reader protocol may need to develop more international families ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 77
  78. 78. Fig. 4.5 PFS vs. CPP matrix for the classifications of RFID patents Aa IC/Chip Ab Chipless Ac Protocol Ad Antenna Ae Sensing Af Special Ag Packaging Ah Manufacturing Ai Architecture Ba IC/Module Bb Protocol Bd Design/Platform Be Control/Operation Ca Middleware/IT System Cb Multi-component Cc Label Printer Da Automation Db Verification/Access Control Dc Tracking/Locating Dd Transaction De Item Management ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 78
  79. 79. Table 4.5 Data for fig. 4.5 Sub Class PFS CPP Aa 5.507813 9.4375 Ab 4.307692 2.307692 Ac 5.525424 8.59322 Ad 6.551282 16.51282 Ae 5.3 6.65 Af 1.769231 4.923077 Ag 3.347826 8.347826 Ah 6.288462 10.3141 Ai 6.349558 17.16372 Ba 5.170732 5.95122 Bb 6.22314 16.66942 Bc 5.790323 9.903226 Bd 8.034483 11.89655 Be 6.090909 6.204545 Ca 10.02632 2.263158 Cb 5.846939 12.63265 Cc 11.19048 5.452381 Da 6.487138 6.231511 Db 4.204082 2.632653 Dc 5.40146 8.543796 Dd 56.925 3.475 De 6.732484 7.598726 Ea 4.208333 6.333333 Eb 3.1 3.3 Ec 1 0 Ed 8.75 0 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 79
  80. 80. 4.6 Technology Development Snapshot for UHF Tag Antenna Technology development snapshot for a focused field of technology shows historical view of a progress in innovation. Technology development snapshot in UHF tag antenna shows application/issued year, issued number assignee, title/abstract, and drawing in a time series of table contents. ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 80
  81. 81. 1 Executive Summary 2 Introduction 3 IF StatisticsTM TM 4 IF Analytics 5 5 IF EnterpriseTM ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com
  82. 82. 5.1 Number of Patents by Assignee for Customized Classifications Ranking the assignees by the number of issued patents in a specific technology class is an important part of visualizing the innovations landscape. Fig. 5.1.1 shows the top 20 assignees for the RFID technology innovations. Key interpretation: Micron Technology including Micron Communications is keep a leader in the RFID technology innovations followed by Intermec and IBM It is interesting to note the recent promotion of Motorola merged with Symbol as a strong contender for leading the RFID technology innovations. Fig. 5.1.2 shows the top 10 assignees for the RFID tag technology innovations. Key interpretation: Micron Technology is the leader in tag innovations followed by Intermec and Motorola Fig. 5.1.3 shows the top 10 assignees for the RFID reader technology innovations. Key interpretation: Micron Technology and Motorola are leaders in reader innovations followed by Intermec and Impinj ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 82
  83. 83. 5.1 Number of Patents by Assignee for Customized Classifications -2 Fig. 5.1.4 shows the top 10 assignees for the RFID sub-system technology innovations. Key interpretation: ZIH and Fargo Electronics are leaders in sub-system innovations followed by Motorola and SAP Fig. 5.1.5 shows the top 10 assignees for the RFID application technology innovations. Key interpretation: IBM is a leader in application innovations followed by Motorola ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 83
  84. 84. Fig. 5.1.1 Top 20 assignees for RFID technology innovations ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 84
  85. 85. Table 5.1.1 Data for fig. 5.1.1 Assignee Tag Reader Sub-system Application Micron Technology 72 29 3 16 Intermec 65 21 7 16 IBM 15 8 6 74 Motorola(Symbol) 41 26 10 27 3M 24 11 1 15 Avery Dennison 29 4 1 2 Hitachi 25 1 2 8 Impinj 15 15 1 0 Fujitsu 19 3 3 5 Battelle Memorial Institute 9 5 4 9 Nokia 3 4 2 17 Alien 17 6 2 0 HP 4 0 2 18 NCR 2 1 2 19 Checkpoint 7 6 1 8 SAP 0 0 8 13 American Express Travel 0 0 0 20 Sensormatic Electronics 1 10 2 7 Toshiba 5 4 3 7 ZIH 3 1 11 4 Intel 7 2 0 8 Samsung Electronics 6 2 1 8 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 85
  86. 86. Fig. 5.1.2 Top 10 assignees for tag technology innovations ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 86
  87. 87. Table 5.1.2 Data for fig. 5.1.2 Assignee Number of Patents Micron Technology 72 Intermec 65 Motorola(Symbol) 41 Avery Dennison 29 Hitachi 25 3M 24 Fujitsu 19 Impinj 17 Alien 17 IBM 15 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 87
  88. 88. Fig. 5.1.3 Top 10 assignees for reader technology innovations ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 88
  89. 89. Table 5.1.3 Data for fig. 5.1.3 Assignee Number of Patents Micron Technology 29 Motorola(Symbol) 26 Intermec 21 Impinj 15 3M 11 Sensormatic Electronics 10 IBM 8 Alien 6 Checkpoint 6 Battelle Memorial Institute 5 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 89
  90. 90. Fig. 5.1.4 Top 10 assignees for sub-system technology innovations ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 90
  91. 91. Table 5.1.4 Data for fig. 5.1.4 Assignee Number of Patents ZIH 11 Fargo Electronics 11 Motorola(Symbol) 10 SAP 8 Intermec 7 Printronix 7 IBM 6 MS 5 Cisco 5 Battelle Memorial Institute 4 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 91
  92. 92. Fig. 5.1.5 Top 10 assignees for application technology innovations ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 92
  93. 93. Table 5.1.5 Data for fig. 5.1.5 Assignee Application IBM 74 Motorola(Symbol) 27 American Express Travel 20 NCR 19 HP 18 Nokia 17 Pitney Bowes 17 Intermec 16 Micron Technology 16 3M 15 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 93
  94. 94. 5.2 Patent Portfolio by Assignee A visualization of each assignee’s patent portfolios can give a competitive landscape for the RFID technology innovations. Fig. 5.2.1 shows the top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for the RFID technology innovations. Key interpretation: Micron Technology and Intermec have a strong patent portfolio in tag and reader and IBM has a strong patent portfolio in application Fig. 5.2.2-1 shows the top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for each customized sub- classes. Key interpretation: Micron Technology has a strong patent portfolio in tag IC/chip while Intermec has a strong patent portfolio in tag architecture Fig. 5.2.2-2 shows the top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for tag chip/IC sub-class. Key interpretation: Micro Technology a leader in tag IC/chip innovations followed by Intermec and Motorola. Fig. 5.2.2-3 shows the top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for tag antenna sub-class. Key interpretation: Intermec is a leader in tag antenna innovations followed by 3M and Motorola. ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 94
  95. 95. 5.2 Patent Portfolio by Assignee -2 Fig. 5.2.2-4 shows the top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for tag manufacturing sub- class. Key interpretation: Micron Technology is a leader in tag manufacturing innovations followed by Avery Dennison and Motorola. Fig. 5.2.2-5 shows the top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for tag architecture sub-class. Key interpretation: Intermec is a leader in tag architecture innovations followed by Micron Technology and Motorola. Fig. 5.2.2-6 shows the top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for reader protocol sub-class. Key interpretation: Micron Technology is a leader in reader protocol innovations followed by Intermec and Motorola. ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 95
  96. 96. Fig. 5.2.1 Top 10 assignees’ RFID patent portfolios ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 96
  97. 97. Table 5.2.1 Data for fig. 5.2.1 Assignee Tag Reader Sub-system Application Micron Technology 72 29 3 16 10 10 10 10 Intermec 65 21 7 16 20 20 20 20 IBM 15 8 6 74 30 30 30 30 Motorola(Symbol) 41 26 10 27 40 40 40 40 3M 24 11 1 15 50 50 50 50 Avery Dennison 29 4 1 2 60 60 60 60 Hitachi 25 1 2 8 70 70 70 70 Impinj 17 15 1 0 80 80 80 80 Fujitsu 19 3 3 5 90 90 90 90 Battelle Memorial Institute 9 5 4 9 100 100 100 100 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 97
  98. 98. Fig. 5.2.2-1 Top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for customized sub-classes ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 98
  99. 99. Table 5.2.2 Data for figs. 5.2.2-1 to 5.2.2-6 Micron Battelle Avery Sub-class Technolog Intermec IBM Motorola 3M Hitachi Impinj Fujitsu Memorial Dennison y Institute IC/Chip 22 7 2 6 4 0 2 11 2 1 Protocol 4 6 1 6 0 0 3 2 0 2 Antenna 2 13 1 4 5 3 3 0 2 0 Sensing 0 4 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 Special 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Packaging 0 5 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 Manufacturing 21 7 1 3 4 15 13 1 7 1 Architecture 20 24 9 20 10 9 3 4 8 5 IC/Module 4 2 0 2 2 1 0 2 0 1 Protocol 22 10 5 9 2 0 0 8 1 3 Antenna/RF 3 1 2 2 5 1 0 0 1 0 Design/Platform 0 4 0 7 2 1 1 0 0 1 Control/Operation 0 4 1 6 0 1 0 5 1 0 Middleware/IT System 0 2 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 Multi-components 3 4 5 10 0 1 0 1 3 4 Label Printer 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 Automation 7 10 37 12 1 0 1 0 3 4 Verification/Access 2 1 13 1 1 1 3 0 0 1 Control Tracking/Locating 4 2 20 11 2 1 0 2 3 Transaction 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 Item Management 3 1 3 2 11 0 4 0 0 1 Tag Testing 1 2 0 0 0 8 0 2 1 0 System Testing 2 0 4 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 99
  100. 100. Fig. 5.2.2-2 Top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for tag chip/IC ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 100
  101. 101. Fig. 5.2.2-3 Top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for tag antenna ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 101
  102. 102. Fig. 5.2.2-4 Top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for tag manufacturing ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 102
  103. 103. Fig. 5.2.2-5 Top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for tag architecture ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 103
  104. 104. Fig. 5.2.2-6 Top 10 assignees’ patent portfolios for reader protocol ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 104
  105. 105. 5.3 Activity Index for Intermec’s RFID Patents Activity Index (AI) is a measure of a company’s innovation activities in a specific technology field: AI = share of a specific sub-class in a company/share of a company’s patent in total patents, where share of a specific sub-class in a company = patents(sub-class)/patents(company) company/share of a company’s patent in total patents = patents(company)/patents(total) Fig. 5.3 shows the AI for Intermec’ patent portfolios for the RFID technology innovations. Key interpretation: tag packaging is the most active Intermec’s innovations field followed by sensing tag ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 105
  106. 106. Fig. 5.3 Activity index for Intermec’s RFID patents ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 106
  107. 107. Table 5.3 Data for fig. 5.3 Main Class Sub-class Intermec’s AI Tag IC/Chip 0.754505 Protocol 1.509009 Antenna 2.377832 Sensing 3.449163 Special 0 Packaging 3.772523 Manufacturing 0.578798 Architecture 1.305089 Reader IC/Module 0.862291 Protocol 1.006006 Antenna/RF 0.402402 Design/Platform 1.509009 Control/Operation 1.341341 Sub-system Middleware/IT System 3.018018 Multi-components 0.778843 Label Printer 2.012012 Application Automation 0.794215 Verification/Access Control 0.262436 Tracking/Locating 0.268268 Transaction 2.012012 Item Management 0.241441 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 107
  108. 108. 5.4 Citations Matrix for Intermec’s RFID Patents Backward Citation vs. Forward Citation matrix may be used to show quality landscape for a company’s patent portfolios. A patent located in the upper left corner of the matrix chart (low value in backward citation and high value in forward citation) may play a very important role for the development of innovative technology in a specific technology field. Fig. 5.4 shows the citation portfolios for Intermec’s RFID patents. Key interpretation: a large number of Intermec’s RFID patents are located in high values in forward citation and low values in backward citation. ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 108
  109. 109. Fig. 5.4 Citation portfolios for Intermec’s RFID patents ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 109
  110. 110. Table 5.4 Data for fig. 5.4 Patent Number Backward Citation Forward Citation 6100804 52 176 6104291 47 70 6318636 4 69 6249227 60 66 6285342 12 65 6236223 51 62 6278413 22 61 6294997 13 60 5939984 26 60 6032127 10 59 5995006 8 54 6243013 5 53 6121880 6 53 5972156 6 47 6118379 6 45 6677852 8 44 6529880 12 44 6366260 17 41 6056199 16 41 … … … ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 110
  111. 111. 5.5 Competitor Analysis: Intermec vs. Motorola Fig. 5.5 shows a comparison in RFID patent portfolios between Intermec and Motorola. Key interpretation: Intermec and Motorola have a very similar patent portfolios as Motorola merged with Symbol ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 111
  112. 112. Fig. 5.5 Intermec vs. Motorola RFID patent portfolios Aa IC/Chip Ab Chipless Ac Protocol Ad Antenna Ae Sensing Af Special Ag Packaging Ah Manufacturing Ai Architecture Ba IC/Module Bb Protocol Bd Design/Platform Be Control/Operation Ca Middleware/IT System Cb Multi-component Cc Label Printer Da Automation Db Verification/Access Control Dc Tracking/Locating Dd Transaction De Item Management Ea Tag Testing ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 112
  113. 113. Table 5.5 Data for fig. 5.5 Sub-class Intermec Motorola(Symbol) Aa 7 6 Ab 0 0 Ac 6 6 Ad 13 4 Ae 4 0 Af 0 2 Ag 5 0 Ah 7 3 Ai 24 20 Ba 2 2 Bb 10 9 Bc 1 2 Bd 4 7 Be 4 6 Ca 2 0 Cb 4 10 Cc 1 0 Da 10 12 Db 1 1 Dc 2 11 Dd 1 1 De 1 2 Ea 2 0 ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 113
  114. 114. Thank you! If you have any questions please contact Dr. Alex G. Lee at alexglee@techipm.com ©2009 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 114

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