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LTE Standard Essential Patents Nokia v InterDigital Analysis 4Q 2013

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TechIPm LLC research

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  • 1. Comparative Analysis of LTE Standard Essential Patents : Nokia v. InterDigital 4Q 2013 ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com
  • 2. I. Methodology ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com
  • 3. 1. Methodology 1. Search for LTE related patents. Search the current USPTO database for published and issued patents as of 4Q 2013 Search the ETSI database for LTE standard specifications 3GPP Release 10 technical specifications (LTE-Advanced) for LTE RAN (Radio Access Network): PHY: TS 36.211, 212, 213, 305 (Positioning Technology) L2/L3 Protocols: TS 36.321, 322, 323, 331, 304, 300 *LTE RAN products: LTE UE (cellular phones, smart phones, PDAs, mobile PCs, etc.) and base station (eNB) baseband modem and radio SW products ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 3
  • 4. 1. Methodology -2 2. Review the searched patents  Categorize the identified patents through the evaluation process by technology in the standard specifications Key technology components for an implementation of the LTE baseband modem: OFDM/OFDMA (Frame & Slot Structure, Modulation), SC-FDMA (PUSCH, PUCCH), Channel Estimation (UL RS, DL RS, CQI), Cell Search & Connection (PRACH, DL SS), MIMO (Transmit Diversity, Spatial Multiplexing), Resource Management (Resource Allocation, Scheduling), Coding (Convolution, Turbo), Power Control, HARQ, Carrier Aggregation, and Positioning Technology. Key technology components for an implementation of the LTE radio protocol: Random Access, HARQ, Channel Prioritization, Scheduling (Dynamic, SPS), Protocol Format (PDUs, SDUs), Radio Link Control (ARQ), PDCP Process (SRB, DRB, ROHC), Security (Ciphering, Integrity), System Information, Connection Control, Mobility (Handover, Inter-RAT, Measurements), VoIP, and Carrier Aggregation. ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 4
  • 5. 1. Methodology -3 3. Evaluate the level of essentiality Essentiality Index (EI): E1 : Patent disclosure is weakly related to LTE technical specifications E2 : Patent disclosure is partially related to LTE technical specifications E3 : Patent disclosure is related to LTE technical specifications overall E4 : Patent disclosure is strongly related to LTE technical specifications *To be a potential essential patent candidate, EI should be E3 or E4. *Standard Essential Patent (SEP): A patent has one or more claims that cover completely some part of the standard specification. ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 5
  • 6. II. LTE Patent Portfolios ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com
  • 7. 2.1 Nokia’s LTE Patent Portfolio Total of 96 patents are identified as Nokia’s LTE patent portfolio. Among 96 patents, 17 patents are identified as potential candidates for LTE standard essential patents. Among 17 SEPs candidates, 16 patents are issued as of 4Q 2013. ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 7
  • 8. 2.2 InterDigital’s LTE Patent Portfolio Total of 78 patents are identified as InterDigital’s LTE patent portfolio. Among 78 patents, 15 patents are identified as potential candidates for LTE standard essential patents. Among 15 SEPs candidates, 10 patents are issued as of 4Q 2013. ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 8
  • 9. III. Comparative Analysis ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com
  • 10. 3. Comparative Analysis Figure 3.1 & 3.2 contrast the patent portfolios for LTE SEPs. Nokia’s patent portfolio is more broadly distributed among the key standard specifications & technology components for the implementation of the LTE commercial products. ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 10
  • 11. Fig. 3.1 LTE Patent Portfolio Comparative Analysis: Standard Specifications LTE SEPs Patent Portfolio Comparative Analysis 331 322 321 304 213 212 211 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 211 212 213 304 321 322 331 Nokia 3 1 3 1 3 1 5 InterDigital 2 0 5 1 2 0 5 ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 11
  • 12. Fig. 3.2 LTE Patent Portfolio Comparative Analysis: Technology Components LTE SEPs Patent Portfolio Comparative Analysis VoIP Security SC-FDMA Resource Management Power Control PDCP Process Mobility MIMO HARQ Connection Control Coding Channel Prioritization Channel Estimation Cell Search & Connection 0 1 2 Cell Search & Channel Estimation Channel Prioritization Connection Control Coding HARQ Connection 3 MIMO 4 5 Resource Mobility PDCP Process Power Control SC-FDMA Management Security VoIP Nokia 1 1 0 1 2 2 1 3 1 0 1 1 1 2 InterDigital 1 3 1 0 2 1 1 4 0 1 1 0 0 0 ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 12
  • 13. Thank you! • If you have any questions please contact Dr. Alex G. Lee at alexglee@techipm.com ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 13
  • 14. Company Overview TechIPm, LLC is a professional research and consulting company specializing in technology and intellectual property mining and management. Technology Expertise • Mobile Computing & Wireless Communications Technology: LTE, UMTS, WLAN, WPAN, RFID, NFC, WSN, Cognitive Radio/SDR, M2M, Mobile TV etc. • Smartphone Applications: Location Base Services/Indoor Navigations, Mobile Payments, Augmented Reality, Wireless/Mobile UI/UX etc. IP Expertise • Strategic Patent Evaluation & Valuation: M&A Patent Due Diligence, Acquisition Feasibility Analysis, Investment Valuation • Patent Portfolio Analysis & Development: Design Around Strategy, Essentiality & Claim Development for Standard Essential Patents • Patent Litigation Strategy: Evidence of Use, Claim Construction Strategy • Patent Prosecution: U.S. Provisional Filing, U.S. Non-provisional Prosecution, International Prosecution (PCT and Foreign Offices) • Patent Business Strategy: Licensing/Monetization Strategy, IP Intelligence • Patent Analysis: Patentability, Freedom-to-Operate, Infringement, Validity Analysis, Patent Mining for Strategic Planning ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 14
  • 15. Major Clients Technology management professionals planning, developing, and investing in new technologies/products/services. In-house IP counsels developing patent strategy. Licensing professionals looking for a new licensing opportunities. High-tech investment management firms/banks. IP monetization/management consulting firms. ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 15
  • 16. 4G LTE Standard Essential Patent Candidates Data 4Q 2013 LTE Standard Essential Patent Candidates Data 4Q 2013 is a product based on LTE patents research for US market leader among LTE UE (cellular phones, smart phones, PDAs, mobile PCs, etc.) and base station (eNB) product manufactures. LTE Essential Patent Candidates Data provides MS excel file for assignee, patent (publication) number, prosecution status for published applications, related 3GPP TS36 Release 10 specifications, and the key technology components for an implementation of the products. ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 16
  • 17. References ©2013 TechIPm, LLC All Rights Reserved www.techipm.com 17

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