1. Running Head: Cell Phone Usage 1 Cell Phone Usage during the School Day Alexandra E. Gaertner Endicott College
2. Cell Phone Usage 2 As time goes on, technology becomes more and more advanced. Along with theseadvancements come problems in society. Cell phones are one technological device that hasbecome incredibly popular. The majority of people in today‟s society own cell phones. The moreadvanced cell phones become the more time people spend on them. Texting is a world-widephenomenon andteens especially have become increasingly attached to their cell phones. Theyhave a constant need to be using them all hours of the day. This has become an issue withinschool systems. Schools have to take action against the use of cell phones because of the manyproblems they are creating. Cell phone usage should be banned during the school day because ofthe underlying problems they cause in bullying, cheating, distractions and safety. Some students believe they should be able to carry their cell phones on them during theschool day. Students and some other parents and administrators argue that students should beable to have them so that they can contact their parents or other authorities at the time of anemergency. Some parents like the idea of being able to immediately and directly reach their childall hours of the day. According to the article, “Schools Re-examine Cell Phone Policies” writtenby Jake Russell, a writer for the Jacksonville Journal-Courier,one school believes their studentscan have access to cell phones during lunch and free periods because they are not disrupting thelearning environment. The school board argued this was a way to let the students communicatewith parents, as well as limit the temptation of the students using them during class. Theprincipal stated that not forcing them to part with their cell phones the entire day would decreasetheir use at more important times of the day (1). Although this may seem like a good point, it isnot the case. Allowing students access to cell phones at any point during the day still comes withother consequences. Problems that occur from students using their cell phones when they are notin class include increased and easier cyber bullying, as well as issues with student safety.
3. Cell Phone Usage 3 Cyber bullying, and bullying in general,have been significantly increasing throughout thepast couple years. The development to new technologies and instant access to them has a majorimpact on this increase. Having access to cell phones during school allows students toimmediately cyber bully someone. If there were a fight occurring in the hallway, one studentcould easily take a photo or video and upload it to the internet, or send it in a text message tosomeone, encouraging other people to come join in or watch. Not only does this immediatelyaffect the situation, cyber accounts of this event are now available for more torture andhumiliation. A student could upload video footage to a site like Facebook and then anyone couldsee it and comment on it. Once uploaded the footage is forever available to the whole world tosee. This incident could cause significant impairment of the bullied student‟s self-esteem andcould make them a target for even more bullying. Justin W. Patchin, an associate professor in theDepartment of Political Science at the University of Wisconsin, conducted in a study about cyberbullying and published his findings in his article entitled, “Cyberbullying and Self-Esteem.” Hefound that it is a growing problem that has a direct relationship with student‟s self-esteem. Hesays cyber bullying has been becoming much more evident because, “it seems much easier to becruel and malicious through a text message, e-mail, posted photo or video, or another form ofdigital harassment because of the physical distance separating the offender and the victim” (2).Having immediate access to these digital devices is only aiding in the problem and making iteven easier. Patchin also says, “educators need to intervene in cyberbullying incidents, as failureto do so may impact the ability of students to be successful at school” (1). It is important thatschool systems take action against this problem and try to do anything they can to prevent it.Banning cell phone usage during the school day will help to significantly reduce this problem
4. Cell Phone Usage 4because it limits the ability of students to take an embarrassing picture or video of anotherstudent. Another major issue associated with cell phones in class is easier means of cheating.Students can easily hide their cell phones in their laps and browse the internet for answers totests. They could also take a picture of answers or notes beforehand and then access them duringthe test. If cell phones were banned from schools and had to be kept off and away during the day,this problem could be completely eliminated. Reggie Clinton, superintendent of the Beardstownschool district, speaks of his opinion on an effect of allowing cell phone usage during school in,“Phones with cameras, for example, can be used to take pictures of testing materials that couldbe sent to other students…‟The more frequently theyre going to be available in the classroom,the more the teaching staff will have to be really on their toes,‟ Clinton said. „You have to makesure you really have things monitored if theyre going to be readily available‟ (quoted in Russell1). If students are allowed access to their phones during the day it would make it incrediblychallenging for the teacher to have to closely monitor every student to make sure they were notusing their device. Cell phones cause a major distraction during class by taking the students attention awayfrom the teacher. Students are more interested in texting and surfing the web during class thanlistening to the lecture. Akash Bargaria, a writer for the current events section in the WeeklyReader, believes students should not be allowed to carry their cell phones throughout the day. Hesays, “Cell phones can be a major distraction and impair student learning” (1). Because of this,teachers and school authorities are taking action to implement punishment for using thesedevices throughout the school day. Students should not be able to have their cell phones withthem during the day. There is no reason to on them while at school. With immediate access to
5. Cell Phone Usage 5such devices students will text friends, search the web, or play games all throughout the day andnot pay any attention to what is happening in class.
6. Cell Phone Usage 6 ReferencesBagaria, A. (2011). No cell before the bell!.Current Events, 111(7), 7.Patchin, J., &Hinduja, S. (2010). Cyberbullying and self-esteem.Journal Of School Health, 80(12), 614-621. doi:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2010.00548.xRussell, J. (2011, August 20). Schools re-examine cellphone policies. Jacksonville Journal- Courier (IL).