Bayawan City Profile <ul><li>Population : 110,250 </li></ul><ul><li>Area: 69,908 hectares (largest in Region 7) </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly hilly with mildly sloping to rolling terrain </li></ul><ul><li>Current / Emerging crops: sugar, rice, corn, coconut / rubber, jatropha, coffee </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing is a major industry (a tuna “highway”) </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd class component city (CY 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>28 Barangays (7 urban, 21 rural) </li></ul><ul><li>80% of land area is rural </li></ul><ul><li>Aims to be the Agriculture Capital of Negros Oriental </li></ul>Municipal waters is 225 sq kms
LGU’s Carbon Footprint <ul><li>City has more than 100 diesel powered trucks, tractors, bulldozers, and other heavy equipment </li></ul><ul><li>City consumes an average of 75,000 liters of diesel fuel/month </li></ul>Appetite for Fuel: <ul><li>Economic development feeds on energy. </li></ul>
The Biodiesel Advantage <ul><li>A substitute fuel derived from plant oils </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used directly on existing diesel engines; no need for modifications </li></ul><ul><li>Lesser and cleaner emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-degradable, safer to handle </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable and can be locally produced </li></ul><ul><li>Contributes to rural development </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps engine cleaner and more efficient </li></ul>100% Petroleum Diesel 100%Biodiesel
Learning by Doing <ul><li>Creation of Research and Development Team on Biodiesel Production on May 15, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>R & D team presents first batch of coco-biodiesel sample to the City Mayor on July, 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>In a year’s time, the team was able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Establish suitable processing methods </li></ul><ul><li>Determine oil extraction methods </li></ul><ul><li>Design a small-scale processing plant </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct initial tests on vehicles </li></ul>
Process Flow Methanol = 20% of volume of oil Crude Plant-based Oil TRANSESTERIFICATION (stirred / mixed for 1- 2 hours at room temperature) BIODIESEL (Ready for Use) Let glycerine phase settle for at least 24 hours KOH = 1% of volume of oil + Biodiesel Glycerin Settling phases
Sowing the Seeds of Industry <ul><li>Seed oil is inedible…thus cheaper feedstock for biodiesel </li></ul><ul><li>Can be intercropped with coffee, corn, mongo, among others </li></ul><ul><li>Productive life is 40 years and with proper cultural practices, can yield 2 to 7 tons of seed per hectare </li></ul><ul><li>A hardy perennial, Jatropha curcas (tuba-tuba) was adopted by the LGU for agro-forestry as bio-energy crop </li></ul><ul><li>Dry Jatropha seeds have 30% oil content by weight </li></ul>
Validating Jatropha’s Horsepower Scale Design of Bayawan City’s batch processing biodiesel plant. 1 st test run using 95 % jatropha biofuel on March 6, 2008 PGMA inspects jatropha biodiesel powered vehicle of the city Mixture of 50% petroleum diesel, 45% raw jatropha oil, and 5% Coco biodiesel
Towards Energy Self-Sufficiency <ul><li>Total approximate outlay for bldg and equip: 1.5 M pesos </li></ul><ul><li>Designed for 100 liter per batch processing, scalable to 2000 liters daily production </li></ul><ul><li>DOE Sec. Angelo Reyes checks out the city’s biodiesel project </li></ul>Processing plant with lab / office
Oil Expelling – A Vital Component Newly acquired coconut oil expeller being tested at the city’s biodiesel plant Variations in the use of a manual expeller used for jatropha seeds Raw jatropha or coconut oil can also be used as fuel for cooking PLANT OIL STOVE
Encouraging Results Smoke Emission Test results Taking the nautical highway on 100% biodiesel <ul><li>City Mayor’s service vehicle has been running on 100% coco biodiesel for more than 9 months </li></ul><ul><li>Total distance traveled as of June, 2009: 23,459 kms. </li></ul>0.09 0.57 Isuzu D Max 0.20 0.48 Toyota Hilux 0.59 1.35 Mitsubishi L 300 n.a. 0.81 Kia Vista (cy 2009) (cy 2008) 100% Coco Biodiesel Petroleum Diesel Opacity Test Vehicle Make / Model
Costing per Liter of Biofuel Seed cake from oil expelling can be used as fertilizer while glycerin by-product from biodiesel processing can be used for soap production. 2.72 5% CME 32.00 4 kg @ 8.00 30.00 10 nuts @ 3.00 Fresh nuts- seeds per liter 9.00 9.00 For six 100- liter batch process cycles Methanol 15.50 50% Petroleum diesel 2.00 2.51 Oil Expelling 33.52 45.36 54.38 TOTAL 1.06 1.06 Labor & power 1.30 1.30 KOH 15.30 45% raw jatropha 10.51 Copra Production Biodiesel Mix Jatropha Biodiesel (JME) Coco Biodiesel (CME)
Challenges and Directions <ul><li>Improvement of production facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Long term tests with city’s vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Supply of methanol </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing of technology </li></ul><ul><li>Jatropha Intensification Project to establish 500 hectares plantation </li></ul><ul><li>Tapping of LGU’s coconut resources </li></ul><ul><li>Coconut-for-fuel sharing scheme </li></ul>
Back to the Future…Now “ The diesel engine can be fed with vegetable oils and would help considerably in the development of agriculture …,” “ The use of vegetable oils for engine fuels may seem insignificant today. But such oils may become in course of time as important as petroleum and the coal tar products of the present time.” - Dr. Rudolf Karl Diesel, 1912 June, 2004 issue
End of Presentation Thank you Log On to: www.bayawancity.gov.ph Find Out More About Our Projects at: www. bayawancity.gov.ph/gpmrs Email Us: [email_address] Call Us: (035) 531-0020 to 21& 531-0650
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