Mcm261 Unit5new(2)


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Mcm261 Unit5new(2)

  1. 1. Mid Term Exam • Covers all material from course. • Lecture and reading • At least 1 sample script to correct or write. 3 Mysterious Symbols L R D C B A Unit 5 Basic News Story (Story Structure) 1
  2. 2. Unit 6 Questions • How should a news story develop? • How do you select and place information in a story? • What are the building blocks of a news story? How should a news story develop? • Rich’s 4 C’s of Story Development – Conceive the idea or main point. – Collect the need info (facts, quotes, etc.) – Construct (or organize the info) – Correct and Correct Again • (o.k., I added that “correct again” part) See details on page 260 How do you select and place information in a story? • Key Questions – What facts to include? – What facts to throw out? – How to arrange the facts? Rich’s CONSTRUCT 2
  3. 3. How do you select and place information in a story? • Techniques/Skills – Develop informed judgment. Be knowledgeable. – Talk through the story. Talk to the story. • Be the audience. What do they want to know. – Limit the information included. – Emphasize the importance/impact. – Fact selection, placement and structure are strongly determined by the lead. What are the building blocks of a news story? Building Blocks of Print News Story • Headline (required) • Lead (required) • Backup for the Lead (required) • Nut Graph (needed with soft leads) • Lead Quote (optional, but helps) • Impact (almost always, in some form) • Attribution (required) • Background (needed in most) • Elaboration (required, if space allows) • Ending (required) • Graphics (helpful) 3
  4. 4. Headline • What is the story about? The topic? • Usually written by editor. • Secondary headlines: Deck Heads and Summary Blurbs. Lead • Entices reader • Hard Leads – 5 W’s & H – AKA Summary Lead • Soft Leads 4
  5. 5. Backup for Lead • Lead should be supported with facts, quotes, etc. that substantiate the lead. Nut Graph • Paragraph that states the focus or main point of the story. • If there, it is usually the 3rd to 5th paragraph. • Only with soft leads. Why? Lead Quote • The first quote that backs up the lead. • Helps to use strongest quote available. 5
  6. 6. Impact • How does this affect readers? • Sometimes in lead or nut graph. • Also as a separate paragraph later. Attribution • Where did you get the information? • Who told you the facts? Attribution 6
  7. 7. Attribution Background • Additional background info may be needed. Elaboration • Multiple sources. • Other points of view. 7
  8. 8. Ending/Conclusion • Further elaboration. • Statement or quote that summarizes, but does not repeat previous info. • Future action. Ending/Conclusion Visuals • Photographs, Pull Quotes, etc. 8
  9. 9. Broadcast(TV) vs. Print Broadcast(TV) vs. Print Broadcast(TV) vs. Print 9
  10. 10. Building Blocks of TV News Story • Teasers • Lead-ins • Beginning - Lead • Body • Ending See pgs 260-268. 10
  11. 11. Building Blocks of TV News Story • Teaser – A few words or few sentences used to get the reader return to next segment or newscast. – “When we come back…” – “Just ahead…” • Lead-in – Right before reporter package. Like lead, but should not repeat reporter’s lead. – Usually ends with something like “Our reporter, <insert name>, has more details.” – Said by anchor, written by anchor or producer Building Blocks of TV News Story • Beginning – Lead (Hard or Soft) – Soft • May be used with feature stories. – Hard • Who? Where? What? When? • Place time element after verb. • “At least five people were arrested today in an anti-abortion protest outside a Milwaukee clinic.” • Write to the pictures/images – You can use “you” – stress impact • “You may be paying more for milk soon…” Building Blocks of TV News Story • Body – Transitions • Don’t get carried away here. Limit. – Common Structures (Ways to Order) • Problem/Solution • Time Sequence • Hourglass • Circle 11
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  13. 13. Building Blocks of TV News Story • Common Endings – Summary • A fact that reinforces the main idea without repeating previous points. – Future • Next step. Where we going from here. – Consumer • Helpful tip – maybe this is where you get in the impact. – “Faux Ending” • “Factual” – just another background fact Building Blocks of Radio/Audio News Story • Lead-in: introductory copy – Gives the basics – Sets up the audio/package • Example: Explain any references made in Audio. If audio mentions “Bill HR-232”, then explain “Bill HR-232”. – Less need for explaining voicers and wraps, than actualities. Why? – Be careful with parroting • Lead-in: Fire Chief Jones called it worst fire he has seen. • Actuality: This is the worst fire I’ve seen. 13
  14. 14. Building Blocks of Radio/Audio News Story • Throws: last sentence in lead-in just before person on recording. • Throw lines… – Mayor Lee says… – The tax issue bothers Mayor Lee. – Which is better and why? Technical problems? Building Blocks of Radio/Audio News Story • Throws to Actualities – Must mention the person speaking – One option: News 3 talked with… • Throws to Voicers and Wraps – Our reporter Jan Glover… – Some stations may not give the reporter’s name. Why? Building Blocks of Radio/Audio News Story • Write-Out, Tag Line or Close – After reporter “signs off,” the anchor does not return to that story, but goes on with another. – But, after an actuality… – Remind listener again who the speaker is and end with a “snapper” (mainly TV term) • The other side: But, opponents say… • The future: Next week the mayor… • Additional fact: The mayor’s plan also… • Summary: What it boils down to is… • Last Building Block: Reporter’s story/package? 14