Man Ray , born Emmanuel Radnitzky ( August 27 , 1890 � November 18 , 1976 ), in Philadelphia, PA and raised in Brooklyn, New York was an American artist who spent most of his career in Paris , France . Perhaps best described simply as a modernist , he was a significant contributor to both the Dada and Surrealist movements, although his ties to each were informal. Best known in the art world for his avant-garde photography , Man Ray produced major works in a variety of media and considered himself a painter above all. He was also a renowned fashion and portrait photographer.While appreciation for Man Ray 痴 work beyond his fashion and portrait photography was slow in coming during his lifetime, especially in his native United States, his reputation has grown steadily in the decades since.In 1999, ARTnews magazine named him one of the 25 most influential artists of the 20th century, citing his groundbreaking photography as well as &quot;his explorations of film , painting , sculpture , collage , assemblage , and prototypes of what would eventually be called performance art and conceptual art &quot; and saying &quot;Man Ray offered artists in all media an example of a creative intelligence that, in its 'pursuit of pleasure and liberty,'&quot; � Man Ray 痴 stated guiding principles � &quot;unlocked every door it came to and walked freely where it would.&quot;  ▪ &quot;It has never been my object to record my dreams, just the determination to realize them.&quot; (Julien Levy exhibition catalog, April 1945.) ▪ &quot;There is no progress in art, any more than there is progress in making love. There are simply different ways of doing it.&quot; (1948 essay, &quot;To Be Continued, Unnoticed&quot;.) ▪ &quot;I have never painted a recent picture.&quot; (1966 essay.) ▪ &quot;To create is divine, to reproduce is human.&quot; (&quot;Originals Graphic Multiples,&quot; circa 1968; published in Objets de Mon Affection , 1983.) ▪ &quot;When I saw I was under attack from all sides, I knew I was on the right track.&quot; (1972 interview, published 1973 in Man Ray by Sarane Alexandrian.) ▪ &quot;I paint what cannot be photographed, that which comes from the imagination or from dreams, or from an unconscious drive. I photograph the things that I do not wish to paint, the things which already have an existence.&quot; (Undated interview, circa 1970s; published in Man Ray: Photographer , 1981.) ▪ &quot;I have been accused of being a joker. But the most successful art to me involves humor.&quot; (Undated interview, circa 1970s; published in Man Ray: Photographer , 1981.) ▪ &quot;Many so-called tricks of today become the truths of tomorrow.&quot; (in reference to solarization , in Self- Portrait by Man Ray, published 1963, as cited by William L. Jolly in Solarization Demystified , 1997) DADA Dada or Dadaism is a cultural movement that began in neutral Z i ch , Switzerland , during World War I and peaked from 1916 to 1920. The movement primarily involved visual arts , literature ( poetry , art manifestoes , art theory ), theatre , and graphic design , and concentrated its anti war politic through a rejection of the prevailing standards in art through anti-art cultural works. Dada activities included public gatherings, demonstrations, and publication of art/literary journals. Passionate coverage of art, politics, and culture filled their publications. The movement influenced later styles, Avant-garde and Downtown music movements, and groups including Surrealism , Nouveau R 饌 l isme , Pop Art and Fluxus .