Bordwell 10e ppt_ch09

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Bordwell 10e ppt_ch09

  1. 1. Chapter 9Film Genres1© 2013 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. Defining Genre• Genres are groups of films that have themes,subjects, or techniques in common that unitethem.• Some films can fit into more than one genre.• Classifying films into genres makes it easy forproducers, publicists, and viewers tounderstand what a film is like.2© 2013 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  3. 3. Analyzing a Genre• Genre conventions are plot elements, themes,techniques, or icons that define the genre.• Genre films may choose to revise or reject theconventions associated with them.• Genre films usually offer something familiar interms of convention, but also something new.3© 2013 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  4. 4. Genre History• Genres are constantly changing over time,borrowing techniques from other media, andreflecting innovations.• Genres become established when one film hascommercial success and is imitated.• Genres come in and out of fashion in cycles.• Sometimes genres change by mixing withother genres.4© 2013 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  5. 5. The Social Functions of Genres• They interact with values, rituals, and socialtrends.• Reflectionist genres reflect social and culturalprocesses and attitudes.5© 2013 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  6. 6. Three Genres: 1. The Western• The basic theme is conflict between civilizedorder and the lawless frontier.• Iconography reinforces this.• The typical hero falls in between order andlawlessness.• Conventions reflect these themes.• Innovations developed include more complexprotagonists and a reversal of the portrayal ofNative American vs. white civilization.6© 2013 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  7. 7. 2. The Horror Film• Characterized by the effect on the audience.• Typically an unnatural, threatening monsterand the other characters’ reactions define thegenre.• Iconography includes setting, lighting, andmakeup.• Critics suggest horror films reflect socialconcerns.7© 2013 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
  8. 8. 3. The Musical• Began as revues but split into the backstagemusical and the straight musical.• Associated with romance, children’s stories, andbiopics of performers.• Accentuates the positive aspects of humannature.• Iconography includes backstage settings.• Techniques include bright lighting, brightcostumes, color, crane shots, high angles, lipsynching.8© 2013 McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.
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