Conventions of documentaries


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Conventions of documentaries

  1. 1. Documentaries areconstituted of broad category of nonfictional motionpictures, intended to document some aspect of reality. In the past Documentaries were originally a movie shot on film stock. Today documentaries has developed , now we use video and digital productions, that can be either direct to video or made for a television program.
  2. 2. Investigative documentary – an Personality documentary – theinvestigation into an area of concern, Historical documentary – uses presenter takes the viewer either current or historical, often mainly archive films and stills, through the topic and linksplacing great emphasis on the careful together with witness accounts sections of the film together presentation of evidence and either to camera or from letters while being present on screen argument etc: for a lot of the time: Drama documentary – where events are recreated using actors but actual facts and real events from the story. The “story” may be enhanced using fictional and/or reconstructed inserts. These are often about “controversial” and political issues and events:Objective documentary – in which the only commentary comes fromthe people about whom it is made:
  3. 3. Alternative documentary – an Video diaries – only alternative approach to one highly portable documentary which aims camera is used in this to counter the dominant representations and very personal and stereotypes of individual form. The conventional camera is used as a documentary form. They “confidante”. often take up issues of minority politics, e.g. racism and sexism, and are different in their style and presentation. Its All Gone Pete Tong” (UK 2004), a comedy following the tragic life of legendary DJ Frankie Wilde. The story takes us through Frankies life from Docu-soap – usually part of one of the best DJs a series of programmes alive, through which feature an inside look Mockumentary – the subsequent battle at an institution through a documentary is completely with a hearingfictional but has the same form set of “characters” who disorder as a documentary appear each week.
  4. 4. A convention is a set of agreed stipulated orgenerally accepted as:• standards• norms• social norms• CriteriaOften taking the form of a custom A film style is a recognizable group of conventions used by filmmakers to add visual appeal, meaning, or depth to their work. It can encompass every aspect of film; dialogue, cinematography, attitude Dictionary Meaning: General agreement on or acceptance of certain practices or attitudes
  5. 5. Conventions Meaning Visual and CodesVisual Coding The use of props, the scene for example a person using doctors equipment, is this person a doctor even without the equipment? Makes you questionsText Tiles Used to anchor images to the screen capture your attention also helps to set the pace of a clipReconstruction Re creating scenes that you couldn’t film.Sound The use of diagetic and non diagetic sound. Sound that you would hear on set and sound that is addedInterview with an The opinions given can sometimes be disproved by the audience. Experts helpsexpert to prove the point given.
  6. 6. Conventions and Meaning Visual CodesTechnical of Real sound, real imagesRealismVoice Over Is normally authoritative, encouraging the audience to believe they have inside knowledge of what is happeningPast Footage/ Helps to prove your pointHistory of or idea, add moresomething informationReal Footage Making the documentary seem as real as possible, using a little non-fiction work or footage as possible.
  7. 7. • A Voice over addresses the audience The Sky is blue: directly• Using Voice over you always need images to support you pointExpository:“ Voice of God ” A Voice of Can be heard but not seen authority
  8. 8. Use past footage helps to prove to theaudience your point or idea, and also add more information to the documentarymaking more realistic. Its an approach to real rather than a product of the imaginary
  9. 9. • This is one of the most controversial areas of documentary and one of the most difficult to define. • The mode generally involves the dramatic reconstruction of real CrimeWatch Uk events using actors but employing the form of fictional film or TV. • Crime programmes often use this technique, they usually reconstruct some scenes. Problems With Drama Documentaries: The only problem with this form is that thefinished product is only a depiction or version of events, not necessarily the real event, because is being reconstructed and the used actors.
  10. 10. Example of This: The Swenkas• Reflexive Documentaries borrows techniques from fiction films for an emotional, subjective response.• Reflexive Documentaries express the nature of Cathy Come Home films, anti realistic, e.g: re enactments, expressing lighting, dramatic music, etc…• Reliance on suggestion rather than fact.
  11. 11. A very sophisticated documentary style which reflects on the production process itself. This is achieved through explicit acknowledgement of the camera and crew through deliberate juxtaposition of contradictory viewpoints or ideas. Chris Morris• The satirist Chris Morris was one of the first to experiment with this form in Brass Eye (1997)
  12. 12. The word Verisimilitude is used in film studies to describe the imitation of reality in the media. Everything that makes a sense of realityTechniques:• Unsteady hand shots• Natural light is employed• Natural and ambient sound is used• Diagetic Sound• Editing and Narrative follows the sub-genre
  13. 13. TV documentary:- Must have a certain length and time- Cannot contain to much animation because there is a short time limit.- And it can be divided into episodes and seriesFilm documentary:- Can have animations to show fact and also because you have more time to show them- It can be from 120 to 160 minutes- And can be divided into series instead of episodes.
  14. 14. - I learned the difference between TV documentaries and Film documentary.- I research some inspirational documentaries to have some ideas for my own documentary- I learned some conventions of documentaries and now a know what to add on my documentary to have a different contact with the audience .