W3C• Created at the MIT in 1994• Led by Tim Berners-Lee and Dr. Jeffrey Jaffe• Joint agreement among three "Host Institutions" • MIT, ERCIM, Keio University• Working Groups • HTML, MathML, RDF, SVG, CSS, Audio, Device...
IANA• Internet Assigned Numbers Authority• created by Jon Postel and Joyce K. Reynolds• department of ICANN Names and Numbers) (Internet Corporation for Assigned• manages • Domain Names, IP Addresses, Protocol registries• MIME Media Types • application, text, image, multipart...
IETF• Internet Engineering Task Force• organized activity of the Internet Society (ISOC)• cooperates with W3C & ISO/IEC• manages the RFCs (Request For Comments) • DNS, FTP, HTTP, SMTP, Zlib, Cookie, Atom
WaSP• Web Standards Project• founded in 1998 by Georges Olsen, Glenn Davis, & Jeffrey Zeldman• convinced in 2001 Microsoft, Netscape, Opera & other browsers to support HTML 4.01, XHTML 1.0, CSS1, and ECMAScript• AcidTests (by Ian Hickson) • 1: HTML 4 & CSS 1 • 2: CSS 1 & CSS 2 • 3: HTML 4, XHTML 1.0, CSS 2.1, DOM 2, ECMAScript 3.1 • Today last versions of all major Browsers 100% compliant
WHATWG• Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group• founded in 2004 by individuals from Apple, the Mozilla & Opera• Led by Ian Hickson• Created to work on HTML5 based on Web Apps 1.0 + Web Forms 2.0 while the W3C choose to concentrate on XHTML• HTML being a living standard (no more versions)• Proposed • Web Workers, Web Storage, Web Sockets, ...• New W3C working group created in 2007 to work on HTML5• WHATWG & W3C editions of HTML5 can have some differences