-TWO APPROACHES TO TEACHING LANGUAGE
-THREE DIMENSIONS OF GRAMMAR
-PERSPECTIVES OF TEACHING GRAMMAR
THE IMPORTANCE OF GRAMMATICAL
-OWN EXPERIENCES : LEARNER AND TEACHER
* TEFL : Teaching English as Foreing Language
* TESOL: Teaching English as Second Language
What does each one of these
Inmerse : by communicating
Two different means = same purpose
Words and grammatical structures
THE THREE DIMENSIONS
FORM : How is it form ?
MEANING: What does it mean? MEANINGFULNESS
USE: When / Why is it used ?
She was walking home from school that day when she
ran into a friend.
Teaching with a focus on language use because
learning a language means communicating with the
Teaching with a focus on language forms because
learning a language means learning the grammar and
lexicon of the new language
Your students ?
Me: I have learned both ways
My students: language use
What activities can facilitate that ?
-reading news on line
- Social networks : facebook
Is it possible to use both of them
• Some language learners learn a language better in
context without any explicit formal instruction.
• Other language learners learn the language better
with explicit instruction in lexicogrammar
• The bottom line is teachers are better prepared to
assist the learning of their students if they have a
strong background in the grammar.
• View grammar with communicative end.
Types of instruction
• Teachers can explicitly teach grammar : rules and
• Teachers can implicitly teach grammar :tasks that
require - grammatical structures.
• Teachers can provide negative evidence showing
what is not possible in English. (I don’t like nothing)
Why is it important grammar
should have strong knowledge:
*Better prepared to meet his/her students learning
*Is able to provide all learners appropiate exposure
Approach to grammar is eclectic /multifaceted
Grammar is accessible to teachers and students
without a great deal of linguistics background
Not all facts about a language are known already
Design meaningful activities : contextualized
According to Illich (1972) “Learning is the human
activity which least needs manipulation by others.
Most learning is not the result of instruction. It is
rather the result of unhampered participation in a