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Mid term 3
Mid term 3
Mid term 3
Mid term 3
Mid term 3
Mid term 3
Mid term 3
Mid term 3
Mid term 3
Mid term 3
Mid term 3
Mid term 3
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Mid term 3

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  • 1. The Grammar-Translation Method The Direct Method Gianna Di Dino Alexandra Fuentes From Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching By Diane Larsen-Freeman
  • 2. Grammar-Translation Principles: * Grammar rules, vocabulary * Teacher is the authority * Students should translate * Grammar deductively * Literary language > spoken language * Focus on written production (tested)
  • 3. Useful techniques * Reading comprehension questions * Cognates * Fill-in-the-blank exercises (grammar) * Composition
  • 4. Other techniques * Translation of complete passages * Antonyms/Synonyms * Deductive application of grammar rules * Memorization * Use word in sentences
  • 5. Comparison with our practices
  • 6. The Direct Method Principles: * T directs class. Ss passive (not as G-TM) * Topic based syllabus * Vocabulary > Grammar (inductively) * 4 macroskills are important * Evaluation: based on communication * Ss encourage to self-correct
  • 7. Useful techniques * Reading aloud * Question/answer (orally) * Conversation practice * Fill-in-blank exercises (vocabulary) * Drawing * Paragraph writing
  • 8. Other techniques * Getting students to self-correct * Dictation
  • 9. Comparison with our practices
  • 10. Conclusion * Teacher should be informed * Advantages/disadvantages of methods * Consider learners’ needs
  • 11. Thanks for your time!
  • 12. References Anderson, M. & Larsen-Freeman, D. (2011). Techniques & Principles in Language Teaching. Uk: Oxford University Press.

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