5th LEVEL - GRAMMAR UNIT 9EOI REUSRELATIVE CLAUSES: EXERCISES1) REVISION SENTENCES. Complete the following sentences using a relative pronounand then decide whethera commas are required or notb that can be used instead of the word you have chosenc the word can be omitted They wanted to show me the new car ________ they had bought in Germany. The man ________ you were speaking to earlier is Mike ________ is an experton networks. The pupils ________ sang in the concert gave a wonderful performance________ was praised by their music teacher. My aunt ________ visited me last week has a house in France ________ shegoes every summer. Susan said something ________ I couldnt hear clearly. He showed me all the different colourful rocks ________ he had collected atthe beach. The Masters course ________ I took in 1999 is no longer taught at OxfordUniversity. The singer ________ was recovering from flu had to cancel her other concertsfor the week. The minister talked about the plans for tax reform ________ he will reveal nextmonth. The doctor ________ Ingrid went to see was very thorough and helpful. The couple ________ live next to us have sixteen grandchildren. The problems faced by the company ________ Ill look at in detail in a momentare being resolved. Lets go through the main improving points ________ he made in his lecture. Julias father ________ is over 75 has just come back from a skiing holiday inthe Alps. The most interesting film ________ Ive seen in a long time is the one aboutthe artist ________ went to live in Spain. Our local MP promised to do everything ________ he could to help those________ houses had been damaged. This is a film ________ will be very popular with teenagers ________ enjoyrock music. Martin ________ had been having lessons for months took his test when hewas offered a job ________ required a driving license. The first time ________ I visited Spain I went to a village ________ there hadbeen a famous battle. Danielle ________ father is Italian has bought a holiday cottage in the village________ her grandfather lived. Isabelle ________ Peter was engaged to applied for a job ________ wouldimply her moving to Holland ________ the new company was based.
5th LEVEL - GRAMMAR UNIT 9EOI REUS2) JOINING SENTENCES. Join the following sentences using relative clauses.Indicate whether relatives can be omitted by placing them in brackets. There maybe more than one way to join the sentences. Add commas where necessary. Steve and Lynn are Americans. They own the little restaurant on BridgeStreet.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Property prices are rising throughout Europe. This means many youngcouples cannot afford to buy their own home.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Dr. Rowan has had to do all his own typing. His secretary resigned twoweeks ago.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ She was greatly influenced by her father. She adored him.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Pam read a novel. The main character in it was shipwrecked on a desertisland.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ I gave Mark a paperweight as a birthday present. He is a writer.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Harry is an engineer. His wife has just given birth to twins.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Jenny has no brothers or sisters. Her parents spoilt her when she was achild.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ These drugs have been withdrawn from sale. They are used to treatstomach ulcers.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Children do better in examinations. Their diets contain high levels of protein.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Some teachers want a pay rise. They may organize a strike.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Alex has just married a teacher. She lectures in Politics.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5th LEVEL - GRAMMAR UNIT 9EOI REUSANSWERS They wanted to show me the new car WHICH/THAT/-- they had bought inGermany. DEFINING The man WHO/WHOM/THAT/-- you were speaking to earlier is Mike, WHO is anexpert on networks. DEFINING, NON-DEFINING The pupils WHO/THAT sang in the concert gave a wonderful performance,WHICH was praised by their music teacher. DEFINING, NON-DEFININGCOMPARE TO:My pupils, WHO sang in the concert, gave a wonderful performance, WHICHwas praised by their music teacher. NON-DEFINING, NON-DEFINING My aunt, WHO visited me last week, has a house in France, WHERE she goesevery summer. NON-DEFINING, NON-DEFININGCOMPARE TO:The aunt WHO visited me last week has a house in France, WHERE she goesevery summer. DEFINING, NON-DEFINING Susan said something WHICH/THAT/-- I couldnt hear clearly. DEFINING He showed me all the different colourful rocks WHICH/THAT/-- he had collectedat the beach. DEFINING The Masters course WHICH/THAT/-- I took in 1999 is no longer taught atOxford University. DEFINING The singer, WHO was recovering from flu, had to cancel her other concerts forthe week. NON-DEFINING The singer WHO/THAT was recovering from flu had to cancel her otherconcerts for the week. DEFINING (MORE THAN ONE SINGER) The minister talked about the plans for tax reform, WHICH he will reveal nextmonth. NON-DEFINING The doctor WHOM/WHO/THAT/-- Ingrid went to see was very thorough andhelpful. DEFINING The couple WHO/THAT live next to us have sixteen grandchildren. DEFINING The problems faced by the company, WHICH Ill look at in detail in a moment,are being resolved. NON-DEFINING Lets go through the main improving points WHICH/THAT/-- he made in hislecture. DEFINING Julias father, WHO is over 75, has just come back from a skiing holiday in theAlps. NON-DEFINING The most interesting film WHICH/THAT/-- Ive seen in a long time is the oneabout the artist WHO/THAT went to live in Spain. DEFINING, DEFINING Our local MP promised to do everything WHICH/THAT/-- he could to help thoseWHOSE houses had been damaged. DEFINING, DEFINING This is a film WHICH/THAT will be very popular with teenagers WHO/THATenjoy rock music. DEFINING, DEFINING Martin, WHO had been having lessons for months, took his test when he wasoffered a job WHICH/THAT required a driving license. NON-DEFINING,DEFINING The first time WHICH/THAT/-- I visited Spain I went to a village WHERE therehad been a famous battle. DEFINING, DEFINING Danielle, WHOSE father is Italian, has bought a holiday cottage in the villageWHERE her grandfather lived. NON-DEFINING, DEFINING Isabelle, WHOM/WHO Peter was engaged to, applied for a job WHICH/THATwould imply her moving to Holland, WHERE the new company was based.NON-DEFINING, DEFINING, NON-DEFINING
5th LEVEL - GRAMMAR UNIT 9EOI REUS2) JOINING SENTENCES Steve and Lynn are the Americans who own the little restaurant on BridgeStreet. Steve and Lynn, who own the little restaurant in Bridge Street, areAmerican. Steve and Lynn, who are American, own the little restaurant in BridgeStreet. Property prices are rising throughout Europe, which means many youngcouples cannot afford to buy their own home. The reason (why) young couples cannot afford to buy their own home isthat price are rising throughout Europe/ the rise of property pricesthroughout Europe. Dr. Rowan, whose secretary resigned two weeks ago, has had to do all hisown typing. She was greatly influenced by her father, whom/who she adored. She adored her father, by whom she was greatly influenced. Pam read a novel in which the main character was shipwrecked on a desertisland. Pam read a novel whose main character was shipwrecked on a desert island. I gave Mark, who is a writer, a paperweight as a birthday present. Harry is an engineer whose wife has just given birth to twins. Harry, whose wife has just given birth to twins, is an engineer. Harry, who is an engineer, has a wife who has just given birth to twins. Her parents spoilt Jenny, who has no brothers or sisters, when she was achild. These drugs, which are used to treat stomach ulcers, have been withdrawnfrom sale. Children whose diets contain high levels of protein do better inexaminations. Children do better in examinations when their diets contain high levels ofprotein. Some teachers who want a pay rise may organize a strike. Some teachers, who want a pay rise, may organize a strike. Alex has just married a teacher who lectures in Politics.