Iphone set to replace the stethoscope


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Iphone set to replace the stethoscope

  1. 1. iPhone set to replace the stethoscopeLevel 3 Advanced 1 WarmerDescribe a stereotypical doctor. Concentrate on their physical appearance and on what he or she iscarrying and wearing. 2 Key words crosswordRead the clues to find the key words from the article and write them into the crossword. 1 2 3 Across 3. the number of people who want to do something, such as use a product (para 6) 4 7. ways that information is shown on a computer screen (para 5) 5 10. a situation in which the rules are not clear 6 (two words, para 8)7 11. the invention or use of new ideas, methods, equipment, etc. (para 9) 12. a piece of equipment used by doctors for listening to someone’s heart or breathing 8 9 (title)10 11 12Down1. people or organizations whose job is to be certain that companies, systems, etc. act fairly and safely and follow rules (para 10)2. the possibility to develop or achieve something in the future (para 4)4. a piece of computer software that is designed to do a particular job (para 2)5. a mobile phone that also works as a small computer, allowing you to store information and write letters and reports (para 1)6. to be stopped by someone or something from making progress or developing (para 9)8. to start selling a new product or service to the public (para 7)9. machines or pieces of equipment that do a particular thing (para 5) D • TE DE E SI A L EB LO B W N IA© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2010 M W P O DO O FR BE C N T ONEWS LESSONS / iPhone set to replace the stethoscope / Advanced O H •P CA
  2. 2. iPhone set to replace the stethoscopeLevel 3 Advanced iPhone set to replace the stethoscope However, experts say they are being prevented from exploiting the technology’s opportunities. Amelia Hill Bentley says that he is unable to launch a 30 August, 2010 new range of applications because of1 The stethoscope – medical icon, lifesaver out-of-date regulations. and doctor’s best friend – is disappearing 8 “It’s much easier to develop technology than it from hospitals across the world as physicians is to get permission to use it,” he said. “I could increasingly use their smartphones to monitor create a mobile ultrasound scanner and an patients’ heartbeats. application to measure the oxygen content in2 More than three million people have downloaded blood, but the regulations stop me. We’re not a 59p application – invented by Peter Bentley, allowed to turn the phone itself into a medical a researcher from University College London – device, and what that precisely means is which turns an Apple iPhone into a stethoscope. currently a grey area in terms of regulation. That’s the only reason we’re not seeing a flood3 Recently, Bentley introduced a free version of of these devices yet.” the ‘app’, which is being downloaded by more than 500 users a day. Experts say the software, 9 Professor Ian Wells, head of the scientific a major advance in medical technology, has computing section in the department of medical saved lives and enabled doctors in remote areas physics at the Royal Surrey County Hospital to access specialist expertise. in Guildford, agrees that innovation is being hindered by regulations that are “still in4 “Everybody is very excited about the potential of their infancy”. the adoption of mobile phone technology into the medical workplace, and rightly so,” said Bentley, 10 Wells said: “The approach of the regulators is who initially developed the app “as a fun toy”. not well worked out yet. There’s a wonderful new world out there but we need to find a way for5 “Smartphones are incredibly powerful devices regulators to protect patients and doctors, while packed full of sensors, cameras, high-quality not impeding innovation, research microphones with amazing displays,” he said. and development.” “They are capable of saving lives, saving money and improving health care in a dramatic 11 The Medicines and Healthcare products fashion – and we carry these massively powerful Regulatory Agency (MHRA) – the government computers in our pockets.” body with responsibility for standards of safety, quality and performance in healthcare – recently6 Bentley’s iStethoscope application is not the only set up the Medical Device Technology Forum; mobile phone programme lightening doctors’ a group of industry representatives, regulators, bags and transforming their practices: there are users and scientists, to help establish how to nearly 6,000 applications related to health in the regulate new technologies. Apple App Store. The uptake has been rapid. In late 2009, two-thirds of doctors and 42% of 12 “This is such a complex area that we are the public were using smartphones – in effect, currently looking at every application on a case- inexpensive handheld computers – for personal by-case basis,” said an MHRA spokesperson. and professional reasons. More than 80% of “We want to ensure that these new technologies doctors said they expected to own a smartphone are effectively regulated while at the same by 2012. time removing any unnecessary obstacles to manufacturers who wish to exploit new7 The trend looks likely to gain pace as younger technologies for the benefit of patients.” doctors enter the workplace. Some medical schools issue students with smartphones. In 13 European regulators are also striving to bring America, Georgetown University, the University their guidelines up to date. A group of regulators of Louisville and Ohio State University are from Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, among those requiring undergraduates to Sweden and the UK was set up last December use one. to develop guidance for software under the D • TE DE E SI A L EB LO B W N IA© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2010 M W P O DO O FR BE C N T ONEWS LESSONS / iPhone set to replace the stethoscope / Advanced O H •P CA
  3. 3. iPhone set to replace the stethoscopeLevel 3 Advanced European Medical Device Regulations. They are • ERoentgen Radiology Dx helps radiologists expected to report at the end of the year. identify the most appropriate radiology exam for a patient by searching a large database of signs, Appliance of science symptoms and diagnoses to help them make • Star Analytical Services has developed an app quick assessments. that allows patients to cough into their phone, • Instant ECG is just one app that analyzes the and tells them whether they have a cold, flu, most common ECG (electrocardiogram) results. pneumonia or other respiratory disease. • AirStrip OB, an iPhone app, allows • OsiriX lets doctors look at X-rays, ultrasounds, obstetricians to monitor different stages of labour CT (Computerized Tomography) and MRI and pregnancy even when they are not by a (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) images on patient’s side. handheld devices or mobile phones with special software, enabling radiologists, for example, © Guardian News & Media 2010 to diagnose acute appendicitis from First published in The Guardian, 30/08/10 remote locations. 3 Comprehension checkChoose the correct answer according to the information in the article.1. Peter Bentley initially developed the stethoscope application ... a. … to help doctors in rural America. b. … for fun. c. … as part of his medical research project.2. Smartphones are ... a. … cheaper than larger pieces of medical equipment. b. … powerful devices which have the potential to save lives. c. … currently only used by young doctors.3. More than 80% of doctors ... a. … use the application. b. … own a smartphone. c. … expect to own a smartphone soon.4. Some American medical schools ... a. … require that students use smartphones. b. … have banned the use of smartphones. c. … are developing their own smartphones.5. Regulations are currently ... a. … hindering the development of medical applications. b. … stopping smartphones from being turned into medical devices. c. … leading to the death of patients.6. Regulators want to ... a. … stop manufacturers exploiting technology for the benefit of the patients. b. … make it easier for manufacturers to develop new technologies to help patients. c. … slow down innovations. D • TE DE E SI A L EB LO B W N IA© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2010 M W P O DO O FR BE C N T ONEWS LESSONS / iPhone set to replace the stethoscope / Advanced O H •P CA
  4. 4. iPhone set to replace the stethoscopeLevel 3 Advanced 4 Lexical sets (nouns)Find nouns from the article to write onto the word wheels. computers and IT medical equipment professions and and diagnostic tools job titles 5 Discussion: Major developments in medicineThe article calls the smartphone software “a major development in medical technology”.Match these other major developments (a-h) to the dates on the timeline and then discuss in groups howthey changed the way medicine is practised and what effects they had on patients.1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 1867 : ____ 1901 : ____ 1967 : ____ 2010 : ____ 1842 : ____ 1895 : ____ 1953 : ____ 1885 : ____a. DNA structure described e. hygienic methods (such as sterilization) introducedb. anaesthetic first used in surgery f. classification of blood into different groups (A, AB, B, O)c. first human heart transplant g. X-rays inventedd. mobile phones able to listen to and record heart h. first rabies vaccine and breath sounds 6 Webquest: Medical advancesLook on the internet to find out about other important medical advances. Add them to your timeline. D • TE DE E SI A L EB LO B W N IA© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2010 M W P O DO O FR BE C N T ONEWS LESSONS / iPhone set to replace the stethoscope / Advanced CA O H •P
  5. 5. iPhone set to replace the stethoscopeLevel 3 AdvancedKEYTip: If you teach outside of the UK, find out how much 4 Lexical sets (nouns)59p is in your students’ currency, e.g. 59p = 71 Eurocents. An online currency converter will help you find (suggested answers)the latest exchange rate. medical equipment and diagnostic tools: X-ray, CT, MRI, ECG, doctors’ bags, stethoscope, ultrasound scanner1 Warmer computers and IT: microphones, displays, programme, handheld computers, mobile phone technology,Teacher’s note: If students need help with this, tell software, application, smartphone, sensor, camerasthem to imagine that they have been asked to draw an professions and job titles: scientist, regulator,illustration of a doctor for a children’s book. What would professor, obstetrician, researcher, radiologist,the doctor they draw look like? physician, industry representative, doctor Teacher’s note: You could divide the students into three groups and give each group the task of filling in2 Key words crossword one of the three word wheels. Then the information could be exchanged in class. The students could beAcross asked to write example sentences for the words that are3. uptake new to them or that they are not confident with.7. displays10. grey area11. innovation12. stethoscope 5 Discussion: Major developments in medicineDown1. regulators 1842: b2. potential 1867: e4. application 1885: h5. smartphone 1895: g6. hindered 1901: f8. launch 1953: a9. devices 1967: c 2010: d Teacher’s note: Some of your students may want3 Comprehension check to download the app to their iPhones. They should be aware that a microphone is necessary to use the1. b application and that the app mentioned in the article2. b currently (in September 2010) only works with the3. c iPhone 4 and is not compatible with older versions.4. a5. b6. b D • TE DE E SI A L EB LO B W N IA© Macmillan Publishers Ltd 2010 M W P O DO O FR BE C T ONEWS LESSONS / iPhone set to replace the stethoscope / Advanced O H N •P CA