How to Critique Photography

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This presentations gives tips on how to identify the right elements of photographs to help one improve and progress in the world of photography.

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How to Critique Photography

  1. 1. + How to Critique Photography By Ally Tobler
  2. 2. + Purpose of Critiquing  Not criticizing, instead pointing out what needs improvement  Balance of good and bad comments  Helps you progress  “Crit” session help photographers  Shows those close to their own work what needs to fixed
  3. 3. + 3 Basic Questions To Ask Yourself 1) What is good about it? 2) What is not good? 3) How could it be better?
  4. 4. + Style and Standards  Move beyond what you like and dislike  Identify elements of a photograph and evaluate them (do not be biased if you don’t like a certain style)  Main factors that determine photographic standard: -Value -Clarity -Composition -Presentation
  5. 5. + Value  The more contrast the better (although photos with one color may have great visual impact)  Good to have grays incorporated (good quality grays, not “muddy” ones)  If there is one critical, bold point, it is fine if value is limited  To Improve Value: -Leave film in developer for longer (creates more contrast) -The right paper grade also affects how contrast turns out
  6. 6. + Clarity  What’s in focus? What should be in focus? Why is something not in focus?  Key is to focus correctly (not just whether its in focus)  Can be soft for affect or the main object can be sharp  Depends on photographers style
  7. 7. + Improving Clarity -CHOOSE APPROPRIATE SHUTTER SPEED! In low light shutter speed should be decreased and aperture increased (focus more clearly as you use larger apertures) -”Camera Shake” occurs in low light settings with slow shutter speeds. To fix it, prop camera up against face or elbow, holding your breath, or standing against a wall  Clarity Don’ts: -Dark subject on dark background -Complex subject on complex background -Don’t move forwards or backwards after focusing and object
  8. 8. + Presentation  Needs to be clean (no flecks, fingerprints, scratches, or dark circles)  Trick is to follow developing instructions carefully, keep dark rooms dustless, and in the end use anti-static brushes and other cleaning tools  Finally, you can include neatly trimmed edges, squared corners, and proper adhesion to the mat board
  9. 9. + Composition  Aspects you can evaluate: point of interest, cropping, lines  Point of Interest: Is there a point of interest? Does it stand out? Photograph should include single, dominant element usually near the middle of the frame  Cropping: Is there any wasted space? Blank parts should focus on what is important and should interact with the central image  Lines: Gives impact, can “pull” or “point” viewers eyes away or towards points of interest, creates complexity and “visual tension” that intrigues viewers
  10. 10. + Aesthetics Style – difference between skillful photography and genuine art  Some photos have right elements but still do not work (and vice versa)  But, a photo with all the right elements will mostly likely come out to be something great  How to Improve: -Look at many good photos (w/ right elements) to train your eyes, you will soon learn to find which pictures have it all and which dont -Master the techniques and following the rules at all times to help you produce consistently good photographs
  11. 11. + Sample Photos From Flickr (http://www.flickr.com/photos/74825 227@N05/8386314003/in/explore- 2013-01-16) From Chapter 4 Developing a Photographic Eye From Flickr (http://www.flickr.com/photos/bernhardur/8 388412118/sizes/o/in/explore-2013-01-16/)
  12. 12. + The End Now you know how to progress in the world of photography by learning how to critique others and eventually yourself 

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