So, some of the key concepts he mentioned here are the following:
children’s needs – children need to meet their needs; children need to be self motivated and as teachers can’t directly motivate children, they need to create the classroom climate that allows children to motivate themselves.
Praise is very important for motivation and engendering self-confidence. Whilst learners need feedback on where they went wrong, it shold be done as positively and sensitively as possible. Negative feedback can be embarrasing and demotivating.
How can you help your learners to set goals for their language development?
Setting goals helps learners to focus and develops learner independence. Raising awareness of lesson aims and giving learners an overview of the syllabus can help learners thing in terms of their own goals. Diagnostic tests or activities that help students identify their strong and weak points can also help focus learners.
Why is it important for learners to develop independence in their learning?
Developing learner autonomy may be quite difficult in countries where the culture expects teachers to be experts and learners to be passive recipients. Some of the possible things we can do with our learners in order to work on this are: getting learners to fill in a chart about what kind of learner they are, doing learner training activities (dictionary work, recording vocabulary, inferring meaning from context, etc), using authentic reading materials, etc.
Because learners’ interest is likely to be stimulated if they are dealing with topics of genuine interest, finding out about their classmates and giving their own views. It can also help them to process language at a deep emotional level and make it more ‘real’ and memorable to them.