View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people .
Green Globe 21 International and Ecotourism Australia:
Ecologically sustainable tourism with a primary focus on experiencing natural areas that fosters environmental and cultural understanding , appreciation and conservation .
Martha Honey - Ecotourism and Sustainable Development (book)
Ecotourism is travel to fragile, pristine, and usually protected areas that strive to be low impact and (usually) small scale . It helps educate the traveler; provides funds for conservation ; directly benefits the economic development and political empowerment of local communities; and fosters respect for different cultures and for human rights (Honey, 1999, p. 25)
Thailand’s First Ecotourism & Adventure Travel Show 30 May - 2 June 2002
David Fennell (1999 p.43) – Definition based on a reviewing 15 definitions:
Ecotourism is a sustainable form of natural resource-based tourism that focuses primarily on experiencing and learning about nature, and which is ethically managed to be low-impact , non-consumptive , and locally oriented (control, benefits, and scale). It typically occurs in natural areas, and should contribute to the conservation or preservation of such areas .
Absolute: All Components are Environmentally Sound
2. Nature/Adventure Tourism -&- Sustainable Development
Earliest known Definition of Ecotourism
“… traveling to relatively undisturbed or uncontaminated areas with the specific objective of studying, admiring, and enjoying the scenery and its wild plants and animals, as well as any existing cultural manifestations (both past and present) found in these areas.” (Lascurain, 1991)
Sustainable Tourism Definition:
“ Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present [in particular the essential needs of the worlds poor] without compromising the needs of future generations to meet their own needs.” (Brundtland, 1987)
Have an education program for local guides 26 65.0%
Provide a pre-arrival information packet 24 60.0%
Providing a % of tour profits to local org.s 19 47.5%
Participate in local cleanup programs 17 42.5%
Pack-it-out requirements 15 37.5%
Other activities to support sustainable dev. ** 16 40.0%
N = 40 respondents
* 67% use local guides exclusively
** Other Activities:
"Donations:" Generous donations to local charities; Funds for conservation & research (2); Land purchases for conservation; Sponsor Village Folk Theatre; Support clinic, school and religious organizations; Support local environmental groups
"Education:" Environmental education kits; Quality environmental education; Scholarships; Post-trip mailings; Teach adult education class in ecotourism; Up to 70 pages long pre-arrival packets; Support village libraries; Environmental reading library
"Services:" Provide medical services; Lobby government to protect rainforest; Tree planting (2); Peer exchanges; Support orphanages
"Economic Development:" Use of all reusable materials; Support ecovillages; Encourage eco-purchases; Support local handicrafts; Invest in eco-lodges; Support indigenous tourism projects