Parking presentation outline oct 17
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Parking presentation outline oct 17 Parking presentation outline oct 17 Presentation Transcript

  • Parking for Palo Alto 1
  • Parking Needs• Access to businesses is critical o Customers need short term convenient access to shopping and dining. o Customers occassionally need longer term all day parking. o Employees need to be able to quickly find longterm parking• Whats the best way to support more customers and jobs in downtown Palo Alto? 2
  • Parking Structures are Expensive• $50,700 per space (cost from 2 PA downtown parking structures)• Ongoing maintenance costs (Maintenance and operations costs $100 to $200/yr per space from Mt View Parking Study)• Ongoing financing costs of long term debt• Encourages more vehicular traffic which degrades the downtown experience Are there practical alternatives to building new parking structures that will give customers and employees convenient access to downtown? 3
  • Incent Employees to Reduce Driving• Offer discounted transit passes• Contribute Parking District fees to carpool, carshare and other TDM programs• For companies subsidizing parking permits provide cash out for employees who don’t use them. – Case studies of employers who offer parking cash out in Southern California show that it reduced vehicle travel to work by 12% (Professor Shoup)• Provide secure bicycle parking and showers when possible. People commuting by bicycle is increasing locally. – Palo Alto is now (in 2011) at 10.1%, up from 8.6% in 2010. – Menlo Park is at 8.8% for the period 2008 – 2010 (no new data, fewer than 65,000 people). – For the Stanford University the bicycle mode share is an astounding 40%. 4
  • Operate Parking Structures Efficiently• Provide convenient on site all day parking permits. Single day pricing allows more flexible use of parking spaces and provides incentives to use alternative transportation when possible.• Valet parking can allow higher density utilization of parking structures.• Compact cars spaces take 20% less room. Lower cost permit prices for compact cars may make sense.• Information on the number of available spaces could be provided at parking structure entrances. 5
  • Managing ParkingA surprising amount of traffic isn’t caused by people who are on their waysomewhere. Rather it is caused by people who have already arrived. Ourstreets are congested, in part, by people who have gotten where they want tobe but are cruising around looking for a place to park. --Donald ShoupA majority of shoppers said that they intended to stay downtown for less than 1hour while a majority of respondents who had come downtown to eat statedthat they intended to stay between 1 and 2 hours. --Mountain View ParkingStudyBeing able to quickly find a space near their destination was the top parkingpriority for both shoppers and diners. --Mountain View Parking Study 6
  • Mountain View Parking StudyNote: The tables below show Mountain View downtown customers often spend significant timesearching for parking and the level of reparking by employees is ~12% of total parking events.Note: The total number of parking events was: Thursday 8908, Friday 9663 7
  • Redwood City (metered parking)In 2006-2007 Redwood City instituted value pricing to revitalize the downtown.Parking was not available for customers. Goal was to provide 85% occupancy (per guidance fromparking guru Donald Shoup) following success in Old Pasadena.Time limits eradicatedAll surplus revenue dedicated to improving downtownResults:Dan Zack, Downtown Development Coordinator, announced in 2009 that parking occupancy onBroadway decreased from 100% full to 82%.Average length of stay neared the desired one‐hour mark.Monthly permit sales for city garages increased 50% as downtown employees moved off the streetsand into the garages to park.Most important of all, Zack testifies that the desired growth came to the downtown. Even complaintsfrom the community, which were in full swing during the first year after implementation, have dieddown. 8
  • Burlingame (metered parking)Back in 1999, the prices were a flat rate and not differentiated by demand. People approached the Citycomplaining that parking was difficult because people, mostly employees and shop‐owners, wereparking all day and feeding the meters.The City decided to raise the parking rates along the store fronts and made it cheaper to park fartheraway. They designated parking lots for long term parking especially for employees. Now parkingprices are lower with increasing walking distance from the core area to encourage employees to seekout less expensive, more remote parking in the outer fringe of the district.Results:Overall the City considers the pricing system to be very successful.The City achieved the desired turnover on the main street, Burlingame Avenue. 9
  • San Mateo (metered parking)On Street Parking:Originally set at a two‐hour time limit for $0.50 cents an hour, the City found that people wanted tospend more time than just 2 hours, and so increased the maximum time limit to 4 hours. The first twohours are $0.50 per hour, after which it is $1 per hour.Garage Parking:Results:There is a perception, mostly by seniors living near downtown and business located downtown, thatthere is a lack of parking. Parking occupancy studies have shown 100% occupancy during peak hoursof 10:30 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m. Two of the parking garages, Central ParkingGarage and 2nd & El Camino Garage, are typically full with visitors and employers/employees. TheMain Street Garage is often full on evenings and weekends. 10
  • San Jose (Residential Parking Permits)In order to improve on‐street parking operations, minimize parking spillover, and improve the parkingsupply/demand balance in Downtown, the City adopted residential parking permit zones in severalareas.More than 50% of residences on each block had to sign the petition in support of permit parking toqualify. Each residence had a single vote, and each unit in a multi‐unit residential building counted asa residence.Residential permits are sold for $30/year or $30/2‐years depending on the zone. The City of San Josecharges $30/year for permits around the university since the university operates on a yearly basis, andcharges $30/2 years for permits in other zones. The maximum allowable permits issued per householdvaries from 3 to 4 permits.Results:The permit fee is set for cost recovery and not revenue generation. Currently, however, the programcovers only 63% of its costs.Due to budget cuts, the service of expanding existing RPP zones or adding new zones is no longerprovided because the department can only retain the staff who maintain the program.4 11
  • Old Pasadena (metered parking)Old Pasadena had no parking meters until 1993, and curb parking was restricted only by a two-hourtime limit. Customers had difficulty finding places to park because employees took up the mostconvenient curb spaces, and moved their cars every two hours to avoid citations. The city’s staffproposed installing meters to regulate curb parking, but the merchants and property owners opposedthe idea. They feared that paid parking would discourage people from coming to the area at all.Customers and tenants, they assumed, would simply go to shopping centers like Plaza Pasadena thatoffered free parking.To defuse opposition, the city offered to spend all the meter revenue on public investments in OldPasadena.They agreed to an unusually high rate of $1 an hour for curb parking, and to the unusual policy ofoperating the meters on Sundays and in the evenings when the area is still busy with visitors.The revenue thus amounts to $1,712 per meter per year.Results:Old Pasadena has done well in comparison with the rest of Pasadena. Its sales tax revenue increasedrapidly after parking meters were installed in 1993, and is now higher than in the other retail districts inthe city. Old Pasadena’s sales tax revenues quickly exceeded those of Plaza Pasadena, the nearbyshopping mall that had free parking. 12
  • Key Suggested Actions• Work with the city to enable the purchase of single day parking permits on site.• Work with the city to conduct a parking survey to understand existing parking situation to get basic information such as time to find parking, reparking rates, length of time parked, etc.• Follow the Councils excellent recommendation to pursue comprehensive studies of a menu of alternative approaches to manage the parking supply, including pricing strategies, and technology to manage existing spaces and transportation demand management.• Provide cash out option in lieu of free employee parking.• Proactively work the city and residents to insure any residential parking permit plan is balanced (no free permits for residents, all costs covered). 13
  • Additional ReadingOld Pasadena:http://shoup.bol.ucla.edu/SmallChange.pdfMt View Parking Study:http://www.ci.mtnview.ca.us/civica/filebank/blobdload.asp?BlobID=8490Lloyd district in Portland:http://transportationalternatives.wordpress.com/2012/07/10/learning-from-portland-how-to-grow-jobs-and-reduce-traffic/Victoria Transportation Policy Institute:http://www.vtpi.org/tca/tca0504.pdfBlog reply:http://www.streetsblog.org/2010/09/01/shoup-to-otoole-the-market-for-parking-is-anything-but-free/ 14
  • The following slides need revisions or deletion 15
  • Employee Case studies• Secrets of the stars o Stanford o Facebook/Google• TDM for the rest of us o Lloyd District o Moffett o Other TMA o Delete slide or find meaningful info. 16
  • The business caseCurrent costs• Cost for parking maintenance• Cost of parking permitsParking structure scenario• Cost for parking maintenance++• Cost of parking permitsReduce demand for parking• Cost for parking maintenance (same)• Cost of parking permits (less)• Cost of TDM (transit passes, carpool etc) 17
  • Keep spaces free for customers• Quote from Shoup Some relevant quotes from Shoup on slide 8• Set prices so that 10-15% of spots are free (one spot visible per block) The Shoup guidance is confusing since there are no parking meters and the quote was for onstreet parking.• Plentiful, visible bike parking• Valet bike parking at large events• Customers want a pleasant downtown experience Cruising for parking and too many cars detracts from this. 18
  • Customer case studies• SFPark, Pasadena, Santa Monica, Burlingame, San Mateo, Redwood City - add detail• Downtown areas with priced parking thrive• The case studies are covered in later slides 19
  • Next stepsWhat business can do• Encourage analysis of alternatives• Support a Downtown Transportation Survey to provide robust data about realistic solutions• Promote solutions that provide better results for lower costsWhat the city can do• Manage existing spaces with technology• Analyze which trips can be substituted• Negotiate with transit agencies 20
  • Research needed• Quote from Donald Shoup about setting prices to leaving 10- 15% of spaces free (from "The High Cost of Free Parking")• Contract for parking district - requested from City Staff by Adina, 9/19• Case studies of other local cities (use data from Mountain View study http://www.ci.mtnview.ca.us/civica/filebank/blobdload.asp?Bl obID=8490) Done• Lloyd business district - integrate data from here: http://transportationalternatives.wordpress.com/2012/07/10/l earning-from-portland-how-to-grow-jobs-and-reduce-traffic/ and here: http://www.lloydtma.org/• Cost structure for businesses (request from Russ Cohen)• Talk to Tom the Palo Alto economic development staff 21
  • Other Quotes:U.S. motorist spend an average of about $4,500 annually per vehicle on directexpenses. There are an estimated five parking spaces per vehicle with totalannualized costs of $4,400, much of which consumers bear indirectly. --Victoria Transport Policy InstituteNote: Not everyone agrees on the number of parking spaces per vehicle.One study says we’ve built eight parking spots for every car in the country.Houston is said to have 30 of them per resident. New York Times article.-- http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/08/arts/design/taking-parking-lots-seriously-as-public-spaces.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 22