AGRICULTURAL MARKETING PROBLEMS REMEDIAL MEASURES Refers to all activities involved in the transfer of agricultural products from the producer to the final consumer, like storage, transport, grading and sale
PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ESSENTIALS OF A GOOD MARKET INCLUDES: good holding capacity, storage, transport, direct access, good communication .
Lack of Grading & Standardization
Inadequate Transport Facilities
Malpractices in unregulated markets
Inadequate Market Information
Inadequate Credit Facilities
Lack of Organization
Seasonal Price Fluctuations
Forced or distressed sale
COOPERATIVE MARKETING Farmers join together and sale goods directly – 4000 primary soc. Three tier structure
Primary marketing societies – village
Central Societies – district level
State Marketing Societies - state
FUNCTIONING Members agree to sell surplus to soc. Members get advance from the soc. Soc. Collects produce fm mem & non-mem Soc. Process produce & grades Members get balanced money PROBLEMS: improper functioning, Poor linkage in diff. levels, unhealthy Competition, dominance of rich farmers, regional imbalance.
REGULATED MARKETS ESTABLISHED UNDER STATUTORY REGULATION Aims at protecting farmers from unhealthy practices, is administered by a market committee consisting of representatives of state government, Legal bodies like district boards, traders, commission agents and farmers. March 31 st 2009, there were 7,139 regulated markets
Elimination of wrong practices like, incorrect weights, absence of grading,
delay in Payments etc.
Fixing mkt. charges like commission of agents, storage charges etc.
Remunerative prices for farmers.
Information about prices by collecting relevant data.
Help in securing storage facilities
Elimination of unnecessary commission
COMMITTEE ENSURES :
STATE TRADING To overcome wide fluctuations in prices. It was introduced by Central Govt. & some State Govt. Food Corporation of India, The Maharashtra State Monopoly Procurement Scheme Govt. procures food grains from farmers at fixed prices & maintains buffer stocks
Expansion & modernization of market network
IMPROVEMENT IN TRANSPORT
MORE THAN 7000 REGULATED MARKETS
MARKET SURVEYS TO FINDOUT PROBLEMS & SOLUTIONS
PROVIDING INFO THROUGH MASS MEDIA
INCREASE IN WAREHOUSING FACILITIES
GROWTH IN INSTITUTIONAL FINANCE
SPECIAL BOARDS FOR MARKETING AGRO COMMODITIES
GRADING & STANDARDIZATION: Agricultural Produce (Grading & Marketing) Act 1937
Standardised commodities are sealed with AGMARK. To test the quality and brand –
Central Quality Control Laboratory At Nagpur, & eight regional labs.
CONSTRUCTION OF RURAL GODOWN – 2003- 04 , 4851 storage projects were sanctioned