Environmental Change, Protection and Displacement

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Presented at International Alert's STRENGTHENING RESPONSES TO CLIMATE VARIABILITY IN SOUTH ASIA Conference, Kathmandu, 08 July 2013

Published in: News & Politics, Technology
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Environmental Change, Protection and Displacement

  1. 1. Environmental Change, Protection and Displacement: Knowledge, Politics and Voices of the Victims Md. Nadiruzzaman ICCCAD
  2. 2. History of Name-Calling Year Term used 1958 primitive migrant 1984 environmental refugee 1986 famine refugee 1991 ecomigrants 1994 ecological refugee 1995 distress migrant 1996 environmental migrant 1997 ecological migrant 2002 environmentally displaced person 2002 eco-refugee 2006 climate-change exile 2006 climate refugee 2007 environmental displacee, development displacee
  3. 3. Few Definitions  ‘primitive migration’ – one “resulting from an ecological push: a movement related to man's inability to cope with natural forces” (Petersen, 1958)  (climate) changes could initiate large migrations of people (IPCC WGII, 1990)  an environmental signal in their reason for migration (IOM, 2007, 2008)  displacement because of a marked environmental disruption (natural and/or triggered by people) (El-Hinnawi 1985)  United Nations does not formally recognise climate/ environmental refugees
  4. 4. What do I want to know? how the political interests of different institutions and states are constructing contrasting meanings of climate change, how these meanings are justifying their offered solutions and how, contrarily, the solutions proposed by governments often conflict with the reality for ordinary people’s lives on the ground.
  5. 5. Reflections from my PhD People are susceptible to sea level rise, increased salinity, arsenic contamination, tidal surges, floods, and water logging Higher population growth, resource scarcity, and changed land use together force local people into subsistence livelihoods Income earning opportunities shrunk further with prohibitions on access to the adjacent forest, the Sundarbans
  6. 6. International Negotiation Table Bangladesh demands the costs from the Global North hiding her own responsibility for inappropriate resource distribution; India accuses Bangladesh of affecting India’s security through an inflow of ‘climate migrants’ from Bangladesh Global North finds a way to maintain emissions by virtue of the REDD+.
  7. 7. International Negotiation Table Bangladesh demands the costs from the Global North hiding her own responsibility for inappropriate resource distribution; India accuses Bangladesh of affecting India’s security through an inflow of ‘climate migrants’ from Bangladesh Global North finds a way to maintain emissions by virtue of the REDD+.
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