ejemplo de estadistica
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ejemplo de estadistica ejemplo de estadistica Presentation Transcript

  • Ejercicio deestadística descriptiva
  • Ejercicio de estadística descriptiva  En la fabricación de pernos, el diámetro es una característica importante para su uso. Con el objeto de determinar si un lote cumple con las especificaciones del cliente, se extrae una muestra de 300 piezas y se inspecciona. Realiza un estudio estadístico agrupando los datos en 9 intervalos, calcular media aritmética, mediana, moda, desviación media, varianza y desviación estándar. Trazar las gráficas: Un histograma con la frecuencia absoluta, una gráfica circular con la frecuencia relativa, una ojiva y una gráfica de cajas y bigotes. Incluye en el histograma las rectas señalando x͂ +3 S, x͂+ 2 S, x͂ + S, x͂ , x͂ - S, x͂ - 2 S, x͂ - 3 S.
  • Muestra (300 piezas) 1.475 1.514 1.507 1.538 1.481 1.512 1.481 1.469 1.539 1.467 1.539 1.498 1.459 1.420 1.523 1.542 1.515 1.538 1.559 1.4751.495 1.509 1.519 1.479 1.455 1.487 1.504 1.524 1.480 1.444 1.500 1.507 1.422 1.529 1.487 1.518 1.470 1.516 1.511 1.4321.506 1.554 1.420 1.520 1.474 1.471 1.487 1.442 1.497 1.510 1.502 1.561 1.526 1.536 1.532 1.440 1.428 1.523 1.459 1.5051.544 1.448 1.538 1.473 1.566 1.491 1.509 1.486 1.487 1.473 1.528 1.511 1.521 1.462 1.535 1.401 1.427 1.453 1.357 1.4941.623 1.528 1.516 1.430 1.492 1.489 1.394 1.509 1.472 1.441 1.496 1.547 1.476 1.508 1.515 1.553 1.476 1.524 1.492 1.4851.487 1.510 1.498 1.557 1.460 1.469 1.457 1.469 1.519 1.561 1.450 1.501 1.480 1.531 1.503 1.444 1.487 1.515 1.479 1.4461.420 1.421 1.525 1.503 1.443 1.483 1.445 1.477 1.500 1.521 1.544 1.483 1.519 1.531 1.510 1.495 1.471 1.496 1.491 1.4481.485 1.523 1.339 1.511 1.495 1.536 1.435 1.440 1.468 1.498 1.525 1.445 1.534 1.519 1.506 1.529 1.466 1.518 1.412 1.5151.516 1.534 1.506 1.563 1.577 1.520 1.500 1.486 1.471 1.457 1.412 1.566 1.520 1.519 1.542 1.501 1.475 1.524 1.511 1.5021.482 1.474 1.429 1.511 1.485 1.513 1.461 1.479 1.494 1.496 1.483 1.548 1.508 1.544 1.522 1.516 1.468 1.527 1.503 1.4391.528 1.507 1.517 1.482 1.440 1.439 1.487 1.602 1.481 1.508 1.508 1.518 1.501 1.494 1.529 1.534 1.459 1.487 1.498 1.5261.558 1.450 1.516 1.512 1.536 1.529 1.514 1.460 1.520 1.496 1.535 1.539 1.543 1.581 1.509 1.455 1.479 1.400 1.563 1.5061.510 1.528 1.502 1.442 1.508 1.375 1.475 1.455 1.496 1.542 1.477 1.562 1.523 1.472 1.435 1.510 1.504 1.507 1.442 1.4491.436 1.505 1.453 1.390 1.543 1.485 1.555 1.489 1.444 1.573 1.483 1.505 1.497 1.509 1.525 1.461 1.446 1.497 1.486 1.4431.455 1.545 1.518 1.485 1.509 1.535 1.451 1.537 1.528 1.487 1.549 1.436 1.482 1.567 1.519 1.511 1.470 1.405 1.505 1.496
  • Datos importantes mínimo: 1.339máximo: 1.623rango: 0.284tamaño dele intervalo 0.032
  • intervalos aparentes intervalos reales lim. Inf lim.sup lim.inf lim.sup Xi Fi Fai Fri Frai Fi*Xi (Xi-m.a)*Fi (Xi-m.a)^2*Fi 1 1.339 1.370 1.3385 1.3705 1.3545 2 2 0.00666667 0.00666667 2.709 0.2816 0.03964928 2 1.371 1.402 1.3705 1.4025 1.3865 5 7 0.01666667 0.02333333 6.9325 0.544 0.0591872 3 1.403 1.434 1.4025 1.4345 1.4185 13 20 0.04333333 0.06666667 18.4405 0.9984 0.07667712 4 1.435 1.466 1.4345 1.4665 1.4505 45 65 0.15 0.21666667 65.2725 2.016 0.0903168 5 1.467 1.498 1.4665 1.4985 1.4825 83 148 0.27666667 0.49333333 123.0475 1.0624 0.01359872 6 1.499 1.530 1.4985 1.5305 1.5145 102 250 0.34 0.83333333 154.479 1.9584 0.03760128 7 1.531 1.562 1.5305 1.5625 1.5465 40 290 0.13333333 0.96666667 61.86 2.048 0.1048576 8 1.563 1.594 1.5625 1.5945 1.5785 8 298 0.02666667 0.99333333 12.628 0.6656 0.05537792 9 1.595 1.626 1.5945 1.6265 1.6105 2 300 0.00666667 1 3.221 0.2304 0.02654208media aritmetica: 1.4953 varianza: 0.00167936 moda 1.5145 Total: 448.59 9.8048 0.503808desviación media: 0.03268267 desviación estandar: 0.04098 mediana 1.4991
  • Histograma(frecuencia absoluta) 
  • Ojiva(frecuencia relativa acumulada) 
  • Grafica circular (frecuencia relativa) 
  • Grafica de caja y bigote 