English Phonetics project by Alejandra Valero Aldemar Trujillo
In this project we are going to try to teach how we apply the word andsentence stress through some diferent speaking exercises .At first step we are going to give you an explanation and each explanationwith an exercises.Stress is the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in aword, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence in other words, is theaccent or the strong tone that we give in a sentence.
WORD STRESS PSYCHOLOGYIs the stress placed on syllables within words EXERCISE Listen and repeat after the recording
This are two simple rules about the word stress:• One word has only one stress• We can only stress vowels, not consonants.
NOW HERE ARE THE EIGHT WORD STRESS PATTERNS IN ENGLISH.One Syllable – Stressed: the only syllable have the stressEAT, WELLTwo Syllable - First Syllable Stressed:PICture, HEAtingTwo Syllable - Second Syllable Stressed:toDAY, aLLOW
Three Syllable - First Syllable Stressed:Operate, EnergyThree Syllable - Second Syllable Stressed:poTAto, comMITteeThree Syllable - Third Syllable Stressed:japanESE, volunTEERFour Syllable - Second Syllable Stressed:neuTRAlity, eVAporateFour Syllable - Third Syllable Stressed:inforMAtion, poliTIcian
SENTENCE STRESSIs the stress placed on words within sentences.EXERCISEListen and repeat after the recording• Will you SELL my CAR because I’ve GONE to FRANCE• The PRESIDENT’S FAMILY lives in the WHITE HOUSE
Sentence stress is what gives English its rhythm or "beat".Most sentences have two types of word: content words: give the meaning of the sentence main verbs – sell, give, employ nouns – car, music, mary adjectives – red, big, interesting adverbs – quickly, loudly, never negative auxiliaries – don’t, aren’t, can’t
structure words: complement the sentence pronouns – I, he, she, we, they prepositions – on, at, into articles – a, an, the conjunctions – and, but, because auxiliary verbs – do, be, have, can, must “to be” as a main verb – is, are, wasEXAMPLES:Where did you go?We want to go to work.
Now practice the pronunciation through the intonation in the sentence stressand underline the stressed word, repeat after the recording:My teachers really amuse me.How long are you going for?John wants to be an actor, so he wants to live in Hollywood.After the movie, they went to a bar to have beer.