Location andBoundaries South Korea, officially the Republicof Korea (대한민국) is a countrylocated in the southern part of theKorean Peninsula. Its neighborsare China to the west, Japan to theeast, and North Korea to the north.
Geography South Korea can be divided into fourgeneral regions: an eastern region ofhigh mountain ranges andnarrow coastal plains; a western regionof broad coastal plains, river basins,and rolling hills; a southwestern regionof mountains and valleys; and asoutheastern region dominated by thebroad basin of the Nakdong River.
Climate Winter - December to mid-March. Thetemperature is almost always below 0C.December, January and February get a lot ofsnowfall. Spring begins in late March / early April andcontinues until the beginning of June.Usually the temperature will stay between 5and 10C. Also in April the cherry blossomsare out in full bloom.
The summers in Korea are hot, humid andrainy. The temperature for summer alwaysstays above 20c and can reach into the30′s. Autumn is quite short and lasts from midSeptember to November. Thetemperatures are 15C +, it is quite dry andthere are not many rainy days. There are 2or 3 days usually when a typhoon hitsnearby Japan and causes high winds andheavy rain.
Population On June 23, 2012 South Koreas populationtouched 50 million as the 26th country toreach the mark. The country is noted for its populationdensity, which is 487 per square kilometer,more than 10 times the global average. As of 2005, just under half of the SouthKorean population expressed noreligious preference. Of the rest, mostare Buddhist or Christian.
Government The government of South Korea is dividedinto three branches: executive, judicial,and legislative. Since 25.02.2013 the president of SouthKorea is Park Geun-hye. The Blue House is the executive officeand official residence of the SouthKorean head of state, the President of theRepublic of Korea and located in thecapital city of Seoul.
Economy, transport and energy South Korea has a market economy whichranks 15th in the world by nominal GDP. It isa high-income developed country and is amember of OECD. South Korea has a technically advancedtransport network consisting of high-speedrailways, highways, bus routes, ferry services,and air routes that criss-cross the country. South Korea is the worlds fifth-largest nuclearpower producer and the second-largest inAsia as of 2010
Technology South Korean corporations Samsung andLG were ranked first and third largestmobile phone companies in the world in thefirst quarter of 2012.
Military Service Military service in South Korea is anobligation for every Korean man whosebody functions are not limited by anyphysical disabilities or whose mentalstatus is not unstable or potentiallydangerous. It usually lasts for 2 years.
Culture Korean art has been highly influencedby Buddhism and Confucianism, which canbe seen in the many traditionalpaintings, sculptures, ceramics and theperforming arts. Korean cuisine is largely basedon rice, noodles, tofu, vegetables, fish andmeats. Hanbok is the traditional Korean dress.
In addition to domestic consumption, SouthKorean mainstream culture, includingtelevised drama, films, and popular music,also generates significant exports tovarious parts of the world. Thisphenomenon, often called "Hallyu" or the"Korean Wave", has swept many countriesin Asia and other parts of the world.