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European Commission

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  • 1. TEAM EUROPE ROMÂNIA
  • 2. THE INSTITUTIONAL FRAME AND THE PROCESS OF DECISION TO THE LEVEL OF EUROPEAN UNION
  • 3. The institutional frame and the process of decision in UE
    • The European Union is not a confederation like USA
    • Isn't a simple organization of cooperation to governmental level like United Nations
    • The member state of UE are free sovereign nations which they put together the sovereignty for increase the power and the influence to world .
    • Together the sovereignty means that SM binds a part from the power of decision on which they created them, so that the decisions for problems of common interests by-patches tacked, democratically, to European level.
  • 4. The institutional frame and the process of decision in UE
    • The process of decision to European level involves, in three main institutions:
    • The European Parliament (EP) - represents the interests citizens of the member states and is direct elected of they;
    • The Council Uniunii Europene( Council of Ministers) - represents the interests of Member States ;
    • The European Commission - represents the interests of the European Union
    • This institutional triangle “produces the politics and laws” which is applied on whole the Union territory.
    • The committee proposes the new laws, and the Parliament & Council adopts them.
  • 5.  
  • 6. Action s of deci s ion s in European Uni o n
  • 7. THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION THE ENGINE OF INTEGR ATION The guardian OF THE TR E AT ISES
  • 8. The European Com m is ion - Func t i ones
    • Legislative
    • The initiation of the laws( elaborates proposals of laws).
    • Develops legislative annual plans and politic strategists( ex. The White book of the Common Market, White book of the Administration etc.);
    • Promulgation of special norms in certain areas ( public jobs).
    • Formulates the recommendations and notices as part as the communitarian politics and of cooperation in the Justice area and the internal affair
    • Administrative
      • the supervision implementation of the laws, politics, budgets and the programs;
  • 9. The European Com m is ion - Func t i ones
    • Executive
    • - He has the responsibility implementation and coordination of the communitarian politics.
    • - Hold over of the settlement of the expenditures( ex. subventions for agriculture, structural backgrounds, etc).
    • He represents UE.
    • Make the negotiations, the international agreements( ex. Commercially).
    • Quasi juridical
    • - The guardian of the Treaties – Commission watches to the application of the treaties disposition and the decisions tacked as part as these
  • 10. The European Com m is ion - Comp osition
        • 25 Commissaries (1 commissaries for each SM) with a mandates of 5 years, presenting the interests UE, not of MS from which emanate.
        • The center: Bruxelles
        • The activity of the commissaries is unfurled to Bruxelles and Luxemburg, be seconded of a bureaucratic appliance guided from 24.000 functionary (half interpreters or translators).
      • The committee has Representations in the member states and Delegations in the candidate states and in the states third persons
  • 11. Viviane Reging Stavros Dimas Joaquín Almuni Danuta Hübner Joe Borg Benita Ferrero-Waldner Dalia Grybauskaite Mariann Fischer Boel Jan Figel Markos Kyprianou Olli Rehn Louis Michel Laszlo Kovacs Janez Potocnik Neelie Kroes Charlie McCreevy Vladimir Spidla Margot Wallström Vice-President (Relations to EP) Günter Verheugen Vice-President (Information/ Media) (Environment) (EMU) (Regionale policy) (Fischery) (Budget) (Competition) (Agricuture) (Research/ Sciences) (Education/ culture) (Health/ Cons. Protec) (Enlargment) (Internat. Aid (Energy) (Trade) (CU / Taxes) Jacques Barrot Vice President José Manuel Barroso President Siim Kallas Vice-President Rocco Buttiglione Vice-President (JHA) (Industry) (Transport) (Admin.) Peter Mandelson Ingrida Udre (Extern. Raelations) (Internal Market) (Employm/ Social)
  • 12. Internal Organization
    • “ The principle of fellowship”
      • Equality between commissaries
      • The committee operates as a college, waves the decisions are taken below collective responsibility
      • Each the commissary has a portfolio nominated of Commission President and gate politics answer for the papers undertaken.
      • Volumes of enormous labor - about 20.000 annual decisions.
  • 13. Internal Organization
    • 23 General e Directorships (DG)
      • GDs like the ministerial departments.
      • Each GD is coordinated of General Director
      • GD is numbered.
        • Ex. GD I= Eternel Relationship, GD IV= Compétition, GDXI= environnement, etc...
        • .
    • Another departments directions special jobs units
    • • Ex. the Juridical department, Translation department, Statistics Office ( Eurostat), Communitarian and Humanitarian Office ( ECHO)
  • 14. Hierarchy as part as Com m isi on
    • 1. President:
    • - The chief of the Commission
    • 2. Commissaries:
    • - Heads with one or else many GDs.
    • • GD TREN reports to Commissary for Transport and Commissary for Energy
    • 3. General Director :
    • • Chief of one GD
    • 4. Director:
    • • Chief of one Direction
    • 5. Chief of unit
  • 15. Stipulation of Europe a n Constitu t i on
      • Composition:
      • From 2009/2014, President of the Commission + Minister Of External Affaires + 13 European Commissars, will be selected on the strength of a the egalitarian rotation system between MS + Commissars without vote from others MS
      • Propose:
      • Is taken count of the results choose to European level, for the assignment of the President.
      • Appointments:
      • The commissaries nominate for President job on a list of 3 established persons of each MS (an woman's on list).
  • 16. Agen cies
    • Nature:
    • - Organizations governed by public law.
    • Objectives:
    • - Supplement /support the activity of the Commission.
    • Licenses through Treat, with the observance some conditions:
    • - The agencies can take decisions in specific areas (in which he is prompted the technical expertise) but can't adopt measures of general settlement.
    • - The agencies cannot have the responsibility conferred of Commission Treaty ( ex. the Competition).
    • - The agencies are the subject of an effective system of supervision and check
  • 17. 17 A gencies
    • Examples
    • The European of the Environment Agency.
    • The Office of Common Market.
    • The European center of Racism Monitoring and Xenophobia.
    • The European Authority for Alimentary Safety.
    • The European Agency for Maritime Safety.
    • The European Agency for Airy Safety
  • 18. Conclu zi ons
    • The commissaries are free from are subdued no of a influences from SM.
    • The commission represents and supports the interests of European Union.
    • The role of the Commission is directional to integration.
    • THE EUROPEAN COM M IS S I ON
    • “ Engine of Integr ation ”
    • http://europa.eu.int/comm
  • 19. Supplementary available information's to:
    • http://www.europa.eu.int
    • HOW THE EUROPEAN UNION WORKS
    • A CITIZEN'S GUIDE TO THE EU INSTITUTIONS
  • 20. Thank you ! Daniela Popescu - Team Europe Member - [email_address]