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Adjectives and Adverbs
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Adjectives and Adverbs

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Adjectives and Adverbs Adjectives and Adverbs Presentation Transcript

  • Adjectives
    • Adjectives modify nouns.
  • Adjectives
    • Adjectives describe nouns.
    • We say “modify” because in a sense that's what they do to the noun. If you say something is a new table, it is no longer just a table: it has been modified into a new table.
  • Adjectives
    • Because they modify/describe nouns, and Russian has all sorts of grammar you need to know, adjectives will have the gender, number and case of the noun.
  • Adjectives Remember these three things for adjectives. They will agree with the noun they modify in: Case Number Gender
  • Gender To this point, your textbook is only looking at singular (in number) and nominative (in case) nouns. That leaves the three genders to memorize:
    • Masculine
    • Feminine
    • Neuter
  • Gender
    • Masculine adjectives end in -ый
    • Feminine adjectives end in -ая
    • Neuter adjectives end in -ое
  • Gender Note well the similarities between adjectival endings and nominal endings. Masculine endings both have no vowels Feminine endings end in the а-sound (а/я) Neuter endings end in -о or -e
  • Gender This principle holds even for possessive pronouns, so remember it. Masculine endings both have no vowels Feminine endings end in the а-sound (а/я) Neuter endings end in -о or -e
  • Adjectives (nominative, singular) masculine feminine neuter Adj. крас и вый крас и вая крас и вое Adj. н о вый н о вая н о вое
  • The girl is beautiful.
  • Д е в у шка
  • Д е вушка крас и в .
  • Д е вушка крас и в ая .
  • М а льчик
  • М а льчик крас и в .
  • Мальчик крас и вый.
  • Possessive pronouns Possessive pronouns express the possession of something by pronouns.
  • Personal pronouns in English are I, You, He, She, We, You (Y'all, Ye, Yous), They. Possessive pronouns are my (mine), your (yours), his, her (hers), your (yours), their (theirs)
  • Your textbook begins with possessive pronouns for my (mine) and your (yours)* They are like adjectives because they must agree in three ways with the noun they modify: gender, case, number. *plural
  • 1) Case
  • 2) Number
  • 3) Gender
  • Adjectives and personal pronouns agree on all three of these platforms all the time. So don't forget it!
  • Possessive pronouns Your textbook gives all three genders for singular, nominative possessive pronouns Мой (masc.) Мо я (fem.) Моё (neut.)
  • Possessive pronouns Your textbook gives all three genders for singular, nominative possessive pronouns Ваш (masc.) В а ша (fem.) В а ше (neut.)
  • Possessive pronouns Мой Мо я My/mine Моё
  • Possessive pronouns Ваш В а ша Your/yours В а ше
  • Мой стол
  • Ваш стол
  • Мо я к о мната
  • В а ша к о мната
  • Моё окн о
  • В а ше окн о
  • КОН Е Ц (the end)