The Accusative Case
Cases <ul>Recall that Russian has six cases: <li>Nominative
Prepositional
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Instrumental </li></ul>
Cases <ul>And you've already learned: <li>Nominative
Prepositional </li></ul>
Cases <ul><li>The nominative, you may recall, is used to express the subject or the predicate (what is said of the subject...
And the prepositional expressed location of one of the nouns or the action of the sentence.. </li></ul>
Prepositional <ul>The prepositional expresses a couple different things in the sentence. </ul>
Cases <ul>Now for your third case: <li>Accusative </li></ul>
Accusative <ul><li>The accusative case expresses the direct object of the sentence. If the subject is the “doer” of the se...
Accusative <ul><li>If a murderer is the subject of the sentence, the murderee is the direct object. </li></ul>
Ivan the Terrible murdered his son in the Kremlin.
Ivan the Terrible murdered  his son   in the Kremlin.
Ivan the Terrible murdered  his son   in the Kremlin. <ul><li>In Russian “his son” would be in the accusative because the ...
To review the other cases we've seen so far...
Ivan the Terrible  murdered his son  in the Kremlin. <ul><li>Ivan the Terrible would be in the nominative, because it's th...
Ivan the Terrible murdered his son  in  the Kremlin . <ul><li>And the Kremlin would be in the prepositional, because it ex...
Ivan the Terrible murdered  his son   in the Kremlin. <ul><li>His son is the direct object of the murder. The son is the m...
And how is the accusative formed?
And how is the accusative formed? <ul><li>Good question!
It's formed pretty easily for the nouns you know so far, that are hard stem and singular. </li></ul>
Accusative endings <ul><li>The “murderee” of the sentence is declined this way:
Masculine: don't change anything!
Feminine: change  а  to  у
Neuter: don't change anything! </li></ul>
<ul>Accusative   case </ul><ul>Case </ul><ul>Masculine </ul><ul>Feminine </ul><ul>Neuter </ul><ul>Nominative </ul><ul>стул...
Examples
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Accusative

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Transcript of "Accusative"

  1. 1. The Accusative Case
  2. 2. Cases <ul>Recall that Russian has six cases: <li>Nominative
  3. 3. Prepositional
  4. 4. Accusative
  5. 5. Genitive
  6. 6. Dative
  7. 7. Instrumental </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cases <ul>And you've already learned: <li>Nominative
  9. 9. Prepositional </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cases <ul><li>The nominative, you may recall, is used to express the subject or the predicate (what is said of the subject) of the sentence.
  11. 11. And the prepositional expressed location of one of the nouns or the action of the sentence.. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Prepositional <ul>The prepositional expresses a couple different things in the sentence. </ul>
  13. 13. Cases <ul>Now for your third case: <li>Accusative </li></ul>
  14. 14. Accusative <ul><li>The accusative case expresses the direct object of the sentence. If the subject is the “doer” of the sentence, the direct object is the thing being “done.” </li></ul>
  15. 15. Accusative <ul><li>If a murderer is the subject of the sentence, the murderee is the direct object. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Ivan the Terrible murdered his son in the Kremlin.
  17. 17. Ivan the Terrible murdered his son in the Kremlin.
  18. 18. Ivan the Terrible murdered his son in the Kremlin. <ul><li>In Russian “his son” would be in the accusative because the son is the one who was murdered. </li></ul>
  19. 19. To review the other cases we've seen so far...
  20. 20. Ivan the Terrible murdered his son in the Kremlin. <ul><li>Ivan the Terrible would be in the nominative, because it's the subject of the sentence. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Ivan the Terrible murdered his son in the Kremlin . <ul><li>And the Kremlin would be in the prepositional, because it expresses the location of the murder – where Ivan the Terrible murdered his son. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Ivan the Terrible murdered his son in the Kremlin. <ul><li>His son is the direct object of the murder. The son is the muderee. </li></ul>
  23. 23. And how is the accusative formed?
  24. 24. And how is the accusative formed? <ul><li>Good question!
  25. 25. It's formed pretty easily for the nouns you know so far, that are hard stem and singular. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Accusative endings <ul><li>The “murderee” of the sentence is declined this way:
  27. 27. Masculine: don't change anything!
  28. 28. Feminine: change а to у
  29. 29. Neuter: don't change anything! </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul>Accusative case </ul><ul>Case </ul><ul>Masculine </ul><ul>Feminine </ul><ul>Neuter </ul><ul>Nominative </ul><ul>стул </ul><ul>к а рт а </ul><ul>пер о </ul><ul>стол </ul><ul>газ е т а </ul><ul>окн о </ul>Accusative стул к а рт у пер о стол газ е т у пер о
  31. 31. Examples
  32. 32. Я чит а ю журн а л,
  33. 33. а ты чит а ешь газ е т у.
  34. 34. Я чит а ю журн а л, A journal is what I am reading. It is the direct object of my reading. It is in the accusative case. Журнал is masculine, and therefore the ending does not change from the nominative.
  35. 35. а ты чит а ешь газ е т у. A gazette (newspaper) is what you are reading. It is the direct object of your reading. It is in the accusative case. The ending has changed from -а of the nominative case to the -у of the accusative.
  36. 36. Girl = д е в у шка
  37. 37. Что э то?
  38. 38. Э то д е в у шка.
  39. 39. Л ю бит* = Loves* *(third person [he, she, it], non-past [present!])
  40. 40. Он л ю бит д е в у шк у .
  41. 41. Он л ю бит д е в у шк у . <ul><li>She is the direct object of his loving.
  42. 42. The ending changes from -а to -у . </li></ul>
  43. 43. Кон е ц* *The End
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