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Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
Accusative
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  • 1. The Accusative Case
  • 2. Cases
      Recall that Russian has six cases:
    • Nominative
    • 3. Prepositional
    • 4. Accusative
    • 5. Genitive
    • 6. Dative
    • 7. Instrumental
  • 8. Cases
      And you've already learned:
    • Nominative
    • 9. Prepositional
  • 10. Cases
    • The nominative, you may recall, is used to express the subject or the predicate (what is said of the subject) of the sentence.
    • 11. And the prepositional expressed location of one of the nouns or the action of the sentence..
  • 12. Prepositional
      The prepositional expresses a couple different things in the sentence.
  • 13. Cases
      Now for your third case:
    • Accusative
  • 14. Accusative
    • The accusative case expresses the direct object of the sentence. If the subject is the “doer” of the sentence, the direct object is the thing being “done.”
  • 15. Accusative
    • If a murderer is the subject of the sentence, the murderee is the direct object.
  • 16. Ivan the Terrible murdered his son in the Kremlin.
  • 17. Ivan the Terrible murdered his son in the Kremlin.
  • 18. Ivan the Terrible murdered his son in the Kremlin.
    • In Russian “his son” would be in the accusative because the son is the one who was murdered.
  • 19. To review the other cases we've seen so far...
  • 20. Ivan the Terrible murdered his son in the Kremlin.
    • Ivan the Terrible would be in the nominative, because it's the subject of the sentence.
  • 21. Ivan the Terrible murdered his son in the Kremlin .
    • And the Kremlin would be in the prepositional, because it expresses the location of the murder – where Ivan the Terrible murdered his son.
  • 22. Ivan the Terrible murdered his son in the Kremlin.
    • His son is the direct object of the murder. The son is the muderee.
  • 23. And how is the accusative formed?
  • 24. And how is the accusative formed?
    • Good question!
    • 25. It's formed pretty easily for the nouns you know so far, that are hard stem and singular.
  • 26. Accusative endings
    • The “murderee” of the sentence is declined this way:
    • 27. Masculine: don't change anything!
    • 28. Feminine: change а to у
    • 29. Neuter: don't change anything!
  • 30.
      Accusative case
      Case
      Masculine
      Feminine
      Neuter
      Nominative
      стул
      к а рт а
      пер о
      стол
      газ е т а
      окн о
    Accusative стул к а рт у пер о стол газ е т у пер о
  • 31. Examples
  • 32. Я чит а ю журн а л,
  • 33. а ты чит а ешь газ е т у.
  • 34. Я чит а ю журн а л, A journal is what I am reading. It is the direct object of my reading. It is in the accusative case. Журнал is masculine, and therefore the ending does not change from the nominative.
  • 35. а ты чит а ешь газ е т у. A gazette (newspaper) is what you are reading. It is the direct object of your reading. It is in the accusative case. The ending has changed from -а of the nominative case to the -у of the accusative.
  • 36. Girl = д е в у шка
  • 37. Что э то?
  • 38. Э то д е в у шка.
  • 39. Л ю бит* = Loves* *(third person [he, she, it], non-past [present!])
  • 40. Он л ю бит д е в у шк у .
  • 41. Он л ю бит д е в у шк у .
    • She is the direct object of his loving.
    • 42. The ending changes from -а to -у .
  • 43. Кон е ц* *The End

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