SOCIAL INNOVATION
INCUBATOR
SELF-SUFFICIENT BUILDINGS
A self sufficient building has to be
a system of co-relationships that
gather together an architectural
object with answers...
SOCIAL INNOVATION
INCUBATOR
SELF-SUFFICIENT BUILDINGS
Alejandra Díaz de León Lastras
Robert Garita Garita
Aldo Sollazzo
Ma...
SOCIAL INNOVATION
INCUBATOR
SELF-SUFFICIENT BUILDING
STUDENTS
Alejandra Díaz de León Lastras
Robert Garita Garita
Aldo Sol...
INDEX
Introduction
Research
The Site
The context
Investment and the public
space
in Sant Andre de Bésos
La Mina
The Situat...
Design Project
Open collective
3 100
4
Learning methodology
Project references
Lightness
Aggregation
Constructive systems
...
9IaaC MAA_01
10IaaC MAA_01
11IaaC MAA_01
INTRODUCTION1
Self - sufficience and
responsiveness
A self sufficient building has to be a system of co-rela-
...
12 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
and adapting the volume with the environmental char-
acteristics. The...
13
1 - Introduction
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Desk Crit with Enric
14IaaC MAA_01
RESEARCH2
Introduction
The self sufficient building studio starts with the logic of
understanding and embraci...
15IaaC MAA_01
details to the building, the access to digital fabrication
generate the possibility of going deeper the deta...
16 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
16
17
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 17IaaC MAA_01
The project is developed in a site located in Sant Adriá
de Bésos, the ...
18 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
18
Sant Adriá del Bésos possess two main characteristics
that define i...
19
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaCIaaC MAA_01
Sant Adriá del Besós in Barcelona
Salt formation found in Parc Forum
20 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
21
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
[ Site ]
Latitude 41°24’56.07”N
Longitude 2°13’27.45”E
22 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Site Map
23
1 - Introduction
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Name of the project
[ Site ]
600 mts from the
Mediterranean Sea
24 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Parc Forum - Empty Public Space
25
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Investment and the Public Space
Economic, social and urban
renovation strategy
In the...
IaaC MAA_01 2012-201326 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
source: http://densityatlas.org/measuring/
18
19...
27
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 27IaaC MAA_01
KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY
INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE
URBAN DEVELOPMENT
9
10
11
Sagre...
28 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
28Parc Forum - Empty Public Space
Parc Forum - Empty Public Space
29
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 29IaaC MAA_01
Knowledge Economy Yard
UPC Campus Diagonal Besos
Telefónica Building
Es...
30 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
30
La Mina
La Mina neighbourhood is situated in Sant Adrià de
Besòs a...
31
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 31IaaC MAA_01
2 -2 -ReResResRe earch
222222200120120 2012012012 20200-20-201313313333...
IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
31%- 19 years old
24%- 16 years old
young
POPULATION
17.8La Mina
9.07Sant Adriá Besós
15.9Barcelona
...
33
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
About 18% of the residents of this neighbourhood can-
not read or write. This low lev...
34 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
SECTORS OF DISOCCUPATION
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
4000
3500...
35
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Social Housing in La Mina
36 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
The Situation
The euro is the currency of 17 of the EU’s 27 Member
St...
37
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
performers in terms of price stability)
• Exchange rate stability (two years within E...
38 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
KEY INDICATORS
(2011)
EU (27) United
States
Japan China
Population (m...
39
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
SHARE OF
GLOBAL GDP
NORWAY
SWEDEN
DANMARK
POLAND
CZECH REPUBLIC
ROMANIA
BULGARIA
LUXE...
40 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
http://www .businessweek.com/articles/2012-12-21/europes -s-
leaders-...
41
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-01-08/euro-area unemployment-t-
rate-rises-to-reco...
42 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
http://www .businessweek.com/articles/2012-06-08/europe- e-
considers...
43
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
http://www .businessweek.com/articles/2012-05-31/europes -s-
crisis-spotlight-shifts-...
44 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Catalonia’s economic activity has always depended on
its ability to c...
45
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
During the bleakest days of the Great Depression, when
Americans waited in bread line...
46 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
47
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
2,329
jobs lost everyday
48 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
“Cataluña, leader in
companies and families
going bankrupt”
http://ww...
49
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
50 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
51
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
6 MILLION
unemployees in Spain in 2013
52 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
53
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
EVERY HOUR
1 CITIZENemigrates from Spain
54 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
According to the Central Companies Directory (CCD),
on January 1st, 2...
55
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
300companies
disappear everyday
http://www.pymesyautonomos.com/
56 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Retrato de las PYME 2012. (2012). Spain: Ministero de Industria, Ener...
57
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
KBE
Knowledge-based Economy
Public policies for science, technology and innovation
ha...
58 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
economic rules of the game, for both business and poli-
cymakers.
Pro...
59
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
skills and capabilities.
The indicators for a KBE need to consider reading and
writin...
60 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Human Capital
The Lisbon Strategy
The Lisbon Strategy, aka the Lisbon...
61
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
four key areas which reflect the importance of this call:
• Internet Safety and Policy...
62 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Six states were on target to meet the goals of the EU’s Lisbon strat-...
63
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
64 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
measurement of the contribution of human capital to
growth. This is o...
65
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
working age population
with a tertiary graduation
38%
US EU
22%
abroad. The range of ...
66 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Talk to Gonzalo Delacamara
The definition of KBE applied to
our projec...
67
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
eration. The research and proposal should define
boundaries in where it is impossible ...
68 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
The Third Industrial Revolution
The introduction of steam-powered tec...
69
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
ufactured goods, the most important being the auto-
mobile, altering the spatial and ...
70 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Like every other communication and energy infrastruc-
ture in history...
71
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
that acts just like the Internet (when millions of build-
ings are generating a small...
72 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
The knowledge economy’s growth into the knowledge
society hinges on t...
73
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Not all of the competencies required for the knowledge
economy are new – the soft-ski...
74 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Innovation
Definition of innovation
The process of translating an idea...
75
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
tially lead to the implementation of innovations. From
this definition we can distingu...
76 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
41.9% of companies said that the priority of their inno-
vative activ...
77
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Product innovation in 2008-2010 accounted 38.8% of
sales in 2010 for innovative compa...
78 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
16.171.000 € technological innovation spends.
This amount of money re...
79
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
44.9% of internal resources.
44% of companies considered internal information
sources...
80 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
The unemployment registred a sharp drop of employees
in the public an...
81
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Employment by workforce
in Spain in 2011
82 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Training and development are important for all busi-
nesses and are p...
83
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
84 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
OLED The future of lighting. (an printing)
85
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Physics Introduction
It’s all about particles [part I]
In parallel with the economic ...
86 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Cromatopheres
Lighting in nature
“...Chromatophores are pigment-conta...
87
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Conductive ink
Throught an interactive connection
Electrically conductive ink made of...
88 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Halite
Salt Chrystals behaviors
Commonly known as rock salt, is the m...
89
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
90 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
building as a p
INPUT 4: Solar heat.
6a
on winter
6.
INPUT 2: Humid h...
91
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
power plant
OUTPUT 1: Mechanical energy.
OUTPUT 3: Cold air.
OUTPUT 5: Humid hot air....
92 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
93
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
The program
The hybrid agenda
In the search for models capable of economising re-
sou...
Who/Human
Capital
H
PROGRAM
Urban
Techn
Know
what
SOCIAL
INCUBATOR
who
HYBRID
PROGRAM
INCUBATOR
system
social cohesion
(integration)
to work in the field of social entrepreneurship and get
involved in the eco...
96 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Learn
Focus
Collaborate
Socialize
86%72%
83%70%
82%68%
83%70%
97
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
The Work Nodes
There is four modes of working around an office. Actu-
ally, office desi...
98 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Studying Alone
Students prefer studying alone to group study by a fac...
99
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Activities and Space
The first approach of defining a
Social Innovation Incubator
The e...
THE THIRD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION IN BASED UPON 5 PILLARS:
1. Shifting to Renewable Energy.
2. Converting Buildings into Pow...
n
t:
n
er
HYBRID
PROGRAM
Users:
Users:
Users
Users:
Formation
Investigation and production.
Community
- Gaming room.
- Inf...
102 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation IncubatorSocSoccialialll InInInInnnovnovnovovno aationon Incncububabattor
1021...
103
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
222222 -22 -2222222 -2222222222222222222 ResResReResR eaeaeaaaeaaarrrrrrrraarrearraa...
104 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
104104104104104 IaaIaaaIaaIaaIaaaCCCC MMMMAA_AA__AA 0101 2010112 222...
105
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
After comprehending and analyzing the economical and
social situation Spain, and thu...
106 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Another important conclusion to notice from the re-
search trip is t...
107
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
INNOVATION KNOWLEDGE
Knowledge Innovation Communities
SALTFACTORY
SOCIAL
INNOVATION
...
108 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Conversation with Andrea Graziano
Andrea is an architect, computatio...
109
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
110 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
from innovate to innovation
The human being in order to learn, throu...
111
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
01 Open Education
Access and distribution of knowledge to regions of the
world where...
112 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
02 Social Learning Enviroments. (SLEs)
SLE is a place where individu...
113
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
03 Context based education.
All cognitive processes require constant practice and
ge...
114 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
04 BAUHAUS / The new man, the new technique.
The idealistic basis of...
115
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
116 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
05 Steiner education
is a humanistic approach to
pedagogy based on t...
117
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
tivity and the development of the imagination as inte-
gral to learning / s tried an...
118 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
06 Social Development
Theory
Many schools have tradion-
ally held a ...
119
2 -Research
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
- Knowledge constructed by itself.
- Development can not be separated from its socia...
120IaaC MAA_01
DESIGN PROJECT3
Introduction
A self sufficient building has to be a system of co rela-
tion matters that gat...
121IaaC MAA_01
mental characteristics. The shape is based on the min-
eral growth analysis understanding the aggregation a...
122 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
from innovate to innovation
Principles
The transition towards an eco...
123
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
124 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Pillars
Comprehensive Learning
Improvement in cognitive process.
Bes...
125
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Self Learning
Promotion of individual practice and updating for a life-
long e...
126 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
active learning
comprehensive
learning
contextual learning
127
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
know-how learningk h lknow-how lea
self learning
adaptive learning
[e-learning...
128 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Semi-qualified or qualified person with work
experience in a specific fi...
129
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Learning Phase
Incubator Phase
Follow in Phase
Development of multidisciplinar...
130 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
131
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
132 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Project references
Work’s sources.
Shigeru Ban (www. shigerubanarchi...
133
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Aranda Lasch (www. http://terraswarm.com/
comingsoon/)
- Aggregation based geo...
134 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
The site its 600 m from
the Mediterranean Sea,
this is the reason fo...
135
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
FORUMFORUM
325
Area without shadow impact
14,300 m2 [ 7.1% ]
Area with shadow ...
136 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
The landscape
Operativeand agreggated
137
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
138 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
139
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
140 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
141
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
142 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
The path
Operating inside the building
143
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
144 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
145
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
146 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
147
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
148 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
149
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
ENTRANCE HALL
150 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
151
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
CLASSROOM
152 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
153
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
COLLABORATIVE ROOM
154 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
“ In the physical sciences, a particle is a small local-
ized object...
155
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
iours and responses, abstracting the nature’s logics, and
using nature as an o...
156 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Architecturally, this system relates to aggregate con-
struction sce...
157
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
MIT/ http://phyllotax.is/self-assembly/
This scenario proposes a large-scale a...
158 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
159
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
“...Green House Co. Ltd., a Japanese electronics firm,
has developed a new “pow...
160 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
The first prototype was developed through the under-
standing and tes...
161
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
162 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Prototype objectives:
1. Water cycle.
2. Connect an Arduino Board.
C...
163
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
164 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Prototype objectives:
1. Connect Arduino board and light sensors.
2....
165
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
166 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
Saltwater/Source
From the Mediterranean Sea
- Distance: From 600 m t...
167
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
- Distance: 13 km.
- Salinity levels: 7.3%.
- Transportation system: Land tran...
168 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
“In nature, shape is cheaper than material. This has
been shown a nu...
169
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
A basic structure and its material utilization with the
building’s logics was ...
170 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
1
2
3
Fixed joins triangular frame.
Pin join beam.
Tension structura...
171
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Its a relation between a triangular fixed joints frame
and a pinned beam that c...
172 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
The building is designed to be assembled on site; all the
modules ar...
173
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
174 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
One of the laws that rules the modules’ distribution its
the lightne...
175
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Saltwater sensor mod-
ule.
Solar/ETFE responsive
panel
Stress skin panel Wind ...
176 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
The batteries should be located in the most affected
faces because o...
177
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
Saltwater sensor mod-
ule.
Solar/ETFE responsive
panel
Stress skin panel Wind ...
178 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
to see video go to:
https://vimeo.com/69261744
179
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
180 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
181
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
182 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
183
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
184 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
185
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
186 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
187
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
188 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
189
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
190 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
191
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
192 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
193
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
194 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
195
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
196 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
197
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
198 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
199
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
200 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013
Social Innovation Incubator
201
3 -Design Project
2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
202IaaC MAA_01
OPEN COLLECTIVE3
The team behind the project.
Multidisciplinary group which conforms, promotes and
proposes...
203IaaC MAA_01
Aldo Sollazzo
Italian MAA, co founder of Nou-
mena Architecture.
Member of “Ordine Degli Ar-
chitetti di Ro...
www.iaac.net
Accredited by:
www.upc.edu
fablabbcn.org www.valldaura.net
valldauraS elf
S ufficient
Lab
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Self Sufficient Building | Social Innovation Incubator

2,104 views
1,968 views

Published on

Published in: Design, Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,104
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
23
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Self Sufficient Building | Social Innovation Incubator

  1. 1. SOCIAL INNOVATION INCUBATOR SELF-SUFFICIENT BUILDINGS
  2. 2. A self sufficient building has to be a system of co-relationships that gather together an architectural object with answers in economic, technological and social subjects. The Social Innovation Incubator, grows within the actual situation and gives an optional solution over the social and economic issue that the unemployed professionals with capability to work are facing. The architectural program was devel- oped by understanding a variety of innovative educational methods and giving the option to the users (in the case of our project, learn- ers and participants) to develop new skills and prepare them to be ready for the change of matrix that the industry is facing.
  3. 3. SOCIAL INNOVATION INCUBATOR SELF-SUFFICIENT BUILDINGS Alejandra Díaz de León Lastras Robert Garita Garita Aldo Sollazzo Mauricio Valenzuela Master in Advanced Architecture 2012-2013
  4. 4. SOCIAL INNOVATION INCUBATOR SELF-SUFFICIENT BUILDING STUDENTS Alejandra Díaz de León Lastras Robert Garita Garita Aldo Sollazzo Mauricio Valenzuela Lanzas FACULTY Enric Ruiz-Geli Mireira Luzárraga Iker Mugarra Flores José Perelló Silvia Burés Master in Advanced Architecture 2012-2013
  5. 5. INDEX Introduction Research The Site The context Investment and the public space in Sant Andre de Bésos La Mina The Situation Euro - area Economy Crisis in Catalonia Crisis in Spain Economics Knowledge Economy Human Capital The Third Industrial Revolution Innovation The workforce Education Learning Strategies 1 2 11 14
  6. 6. Design Project Open collective 3 100 4 Learning methodology Project references Lightness Aggregation Constructive systems Embeded technology The Site Site analysis Landscape proporsal The Program Program and distribution Section plane Interior scenarios Particles Physics introduction Energy prototype Prototypes catalog Modules Modules typology Modules location The Project Project perspectives 174
  7. 7. 9IaaC MAA_01
  8. 8. 10IaaC MAA_01
  9. 9. 11IaaC MAA_01 INTRODUCTION1 Self - sufficience and responsiveness A self sufficient building has to be a system of co-rela- tionships that gather together an architectural object with answers in economic, technological and social sub- jects. The Social Innovation Incubator grows within the actual situation and gives an optional solution over the social and economic issues that the unemployed profession- als with capability to work are facing. The architectural program was developed by understanding a variety of innovative educational methods and giving the option to the users (in the case of our project, learners and participants) to develop new skills and prepare them to be ready for the change of matrix that the industry is facing. The Social Innovation Incubator, as an architecture pro- posal, is embedded within the context information by using the high salinity rate of the Mediterranean sea
  10. 10. 12 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator and adapting the volume with the environmental char- acteristics. The shape its based on the mineral growth analysis understanding the aggregation as a the main concept, basing the volume with the halite (salt crystal) growths and how these mineral adapts over different configurations. Also, its use the Mediterranean sea salinity as a power tool to feed the sense of the building, using self suf- ficient sensor modules that release signals to improve the performance of the system and save energy by re- sponding to the climate situation.
  11. 11. 13 1 - Introduction 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Desk Crit with Enric
  12. 12. 14IaaC MAA_01 RESEARCH2 Introduction The self sufficient building studio starts with the logic of understanding and embracing three main topics: Actual situation, architecture program and multi scalar design. Since the beginning, the research started driven by these topics in parallel with the objective of mixing in the project together and obtain by these an hybrid building powered conceptually. By the analysis of the actual situation, from the social to the economical matters, we discovered an space to intervene with the architectural program and the de- sign, and give optional answers to the crisis situation. It was proposed through architecture, the possibility of change the state and the reality of the habitants that are around the site. With these distributed and particu- lar interventions, that propose a systematic change, are the ones that would hack the actual system and twist the the reality to give opportunities to the people.
  13. 13. 15IaaC MAA_01 details to the building, the access to digital fabrication generate the possibility of going deeper the details of the product and the pieces. On the other hand, architectural design now its not just a matter of constructing and proposing buildings, with the digital tools and the accessibility to the informa- tion, our profession is facing a change of paradigm were the labor of the architect its to design from the smaller details to the building, the access to digital fabrication generate the possibility of going deeper the details of the product and the pieces. The research aims to understand a pallet of topics be- tween physics, biology, technology and art and goes deeper to the particles of actual examples that would trigger technologic solutions to the final proposal.
  14. 14. 16 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator 16
  15. 15. 17 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 17IaaC MAA_01 The project is developed in a site located in Sant Adriá de Bésos, the smalllest municipality of Barcelona. It is situated at the mouth of river Besòs and has close ties with the neighbouring cities of Barcelona, Badalona and Santa Coloma de Gramenet, forming a uniform urban area within Barcelona metropolitan area. [ Sant Adriá del Bésos ] The Site Population: 34.482 inhabitants Area: 3.8 km2 Density: 9.026,7 inhab/km2
  16. 16. 18 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator 18 Sant Adriá del Bésos possess two main characteristics that define it. In one hand, during the years, it has experienced se- veral massive migration flows attracted by the impor- tant industrialisation of the area during the last century. Therefore there is a high population density in neigh- borhood as La Mina that presents increasing social and economic issues. On the other hand, it has been subject of various major interventions in the urban public space such as the Un- versal Forum of Cultures in 2004, and it has also been scenario of important projects and developments by prestigious companies and architects such as the Forum Building, Parc Diagonal Mar and the Telefónica Tower, among others. These massive developments represent the significant investment of the public and private sec- tors in this area which is not reflected in the use of the public space that reminds empty. The site is situated right in the middle of these oppo- site realities where housing, commerce, industry and services converge. It is also next to the new Campus of the Universidad Politécnica de Catalunya (UPC) that is under construction. Another important fact of the site is its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea, only 600 meters from the shore. The sourronding areas present evidence of the high sa- linity of the sea where interesting salinity formations can be found.
  17. 17. 19 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaCIaaC MAA_01 Sant Adriá del Besós in Barcelona Salt formation found in Parc Forum
  18. 18. 20 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  19. 19. 21 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC [ Site ] Latitude 41°24’56.07”N Longitude 2°13’27.45”E
  20. 20. 22 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Site Map
  21. 21. 23 1 - Introduction 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Name of the project [ Site ] 600 mts from the Mediterranean Sea
  22. 22. 24 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Parc Forum - Empty Public Space
  23. 23. 25 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Investment and the Public Space Economic, social and urban renovation strategy In the urban morphology of the Barcelona City Plan, the structured grid of the Eixample de Cerdá allows the existence of programatic diversity. This characteristic is a key factor in the culmination of the transformation process of the most affected parts of the city and the integration of the 22@ project with the ret of the city. This plan points out the strategy of renovation of the Llevant of Barcelona where we nd the most important operations: *Sant Andreu-Sagrera Plan *Urban develpment of Plaza de las Glóries *Infraestructures asociated to the renovation of Besós. Including projects of neigborhood renovation, new commercial and cultural 12 projects such as new urban spaces.
  24. 24. IaaC MAA_01 2012-201326 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator source: http://densityatlas.org/measuring/ 18 19 20 20 8 17 14 16 12 2 15 urce: http://densityatlas.org/measuring/ Location of buildings and developments that are part of the urban renovation strategy and represent considerable investmet
  25. 25. 27 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 27IaaC MAA_01 KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY INDUSTRY AND COMMERCE URBAN DEVELOPMENT 9 10 11 Sagrera parque Lineal. 7600 nuevas viviendas Jordi Farrera Estación Ave la Sagrera (9,000 nuevas viviendas) Rascacielos La Novia Frank Ghery LA SAGRERA 18 19 20 6 5 KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY 50% 4 2 3 1 8 9 10 11 5 6 7 Knowledge Economy Yard Torre Telefónica Torre Espiral Zaha Hadid Centro de Convenciones Fórum Herzog y de Meuron TERSA Planta de Tratamiento y Selección de Residuos SA Central Térmica de Besós (1970) Centro Comercial Diagonal Mar Parc Diagonal Mar Parc del Forum Nueva vivienda Llul Taulat Regeneración del Barrio la Mina BESÓS 1 2 3 4 Smart City Campus Barcelona Biomedical Research Park Interface Building Media-TIC Agbar Tower INDRA Building 22@ 12 13 14 15 16 17
  26. 26. 28 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator 28Parc Forum - Empty Public Space Parc Forum - Empty Public Space
  27. 27. 29 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 29IaaC MAA_01 Knowledge Economy Yard UPC Campus Diagonal Besos Telefónica Building Espiral Building Forum Building Diagonal Mar Centre Diagonal Mar Parc Parc Forum La Mina Regeneration Llul Taulat millons of euros 500 100 150 200 250 300 350 TOTAL INVESTMENT Unknown 250 86 117 272 36 2,100 174 9 65 Knowledge Economy Yard UPC Campus Diagonal Besos Telefónica Building Espiral Building Forum Building Diagonal Mar Centre Diagonal Mar Parc Parc Forum La Mina Regeneration Llul Taulat euros per square meter 5000 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 COST PER SQUARE METER Unknown 1,435 2,530 2,600 2,706 260 11,970 450 400 3,147 Knowledge Economy Yard UPC Campus Diagonal Besos Telefónica Building Espiral Building Forum Building Diagonal Mar Centre Diagonal Mar Parc Parc Forum La Mina Regeneration Llul Taulat square meters 50,0000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 TOTAL AREA 84,000 174,000 34,000 45,000 100,500 140,000 167,000 387,000 22,470 20,650
  28. 28. 30 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator 30 La Mina La Mina neighbourhood is situated in Sant Adrià de Besòs and was built in the 1970s to offer new housing opportunities for populations living in the different slum neighbourhoods of Barcelona. However, physical, eco- nomic, cultural and social disparities exist in La Mina. In the 1980s-1990s the first intervention plans to ame- liorate the social situation were introduced but did not have enough capacity to respond to the long-term is- sues in the neighbourhood. In September 2000, a Con- sortium was established, introducing a Transformation Plan based on urban and social revitalisation. Currently, La Mina has over 500 inhabitants per hec- tare, much higher than the average of Sant Adriá (319) or Barcelona (221). The populations are mainly com- posed of immigrants from different countries that live together in a difficult environment for a harmonic social relationship. Besides this situation, La Mina presents damage to the environment due to the proximity to the industry, so- cial exclusion, drug addiction, criminal record, insecu- rity and violence. Damage to the public space is due to vandalism. Social Emergency
  29. 29. 31 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 31IaaC MAA_01 2 -2 -ReResResRe earch 222222200120120 2012012012 20200-20-201313313333331 MMAAMAMAMAMA 00 aCaCCaC 33333131333333333131333IaIaIaIaIaIaaI aCaCaCaCaaCIIaIIIII CaCaCaCaaAAAAAAAA_01_01011AAAAAAAA 10101 La Mina La Mina
  30. 30. IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 31%- 19 years old 24%- 16 years old young POPULATION 17.8La Mina 9.07Sant Adriá Besós 15.9Barcelona inhabitants per km2 DENSITY 18%of the population can’t read or write 40%of students drop off before High School EDUCATION
  31. 31. 33 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC About 18% of the residents of this neighbourhood can- not read or write. This low level of instruction is cor- related with a high rate of scholar failure and truancy. 40% of students drop off High School, while 10% to 15% give up at primary school. Only 0.3% has obtained an university degree. As a result, La Mina’s population grows unqualified and unprofessional and increases the high unemployment rate that already affects the area. In 1970 over 15,000 people were occupying a total of 2,721 social houses and the population has decreased and increased irregularly in the last years always main- taining a high number of inhabitants per squared km. In the present, the density of La Mina overpasses the one of Sant Adriá de Besós and Barcelona with a 17.8%. Nowadays, La Mina shelters 9,421 residents from which 31% are 25 to 45 years old and 24% is under 16. This talks about a young population growing in the same environment of scarcity. Also, the majority of the popu- lation of La Mina is foreign. Almost 10% comes from Pakistán, Morocco and China. Education Population Density
  32. 32. 34 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator SECTORS OF DISOCCUPATION 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 DISOCCUPATION 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 Agriculture Industry Construction Services unemployed Although 74% of the population of La Mina is economi- cally active, only 32% works. The occupancy rate is very low (29.1%) for reasons mainly related to incapacities associated to drug addiction and, on an opposite direc- tion, many residents have become dependent on social programs developed by the governmental administra- tions. In spite of efforts to improve the area, La Mina has recently been devastated by the crisis, becoming one of the most precarious neighbourhood s of Catalo- nia. Unemployment
  33. 33. 35 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Social Housing in La Mina
  34. 34. 36 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator The Situation The euro is the currency of 17 of the EU’s 27 Member States. All the others are expected to adopt the euro once they meet the conditions for doing so – except for Denmark and the United Kingdom, which negotiated an opt-out from monetary union in the 1992 Treaty on European Union (the Maastricht Treaty). They may still join at a time of their choosing. The Maastricht Treaty enshrined the goal of a single currency and set out the conditions for joining. These are the ‘Maastricht criteria’ or ‘convergence criteria’, designed to ensure the smooth functioning of monetary union. In addition to some legal requirements, most notably an independent central bank, the Maastricht criteria are: • Price stability (inflation no more than 1.5 percentage points above the three best performing Member States) • Sound and sustainable public finances - Government deficit in principle no more than 3% of GDP - Government debt no more than 60% of GDP or ap- proaching that level • Durability of convergence (long-term interest rates no more than 2 percentage points above the three best The Euro - Area Economy
  35. 35. 37 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC performers in terms of price stability) • Exchange rate stability (two years within ERM II with- out severe tensions). ERM II allows the exchange rates of participating EU currencies to fluctuate against the euro within fixed margins above and below a central rate. The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) The SGP states that government deficits and debt should be less than 3% and less than 60% of GDP respective- ly. On this basis, the Commission monitors fiscal policy and public finances in Member States both inside and outside the euro area. This rule-based framework thus helps promote fiscal discipline in the EU.
  36. 36. 38 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator KEY INDICATORS (2011) EU (27) United States Japan China Population (millions) 332.2 502.9 312.7 127.3 1 359.1 GDP (in € trillions calculated at purchasing power parity) 7.8 11.1 10.6 3.1 7.9 Share of world GDP (% at PPP) 14.3 20.0 19.1 5.6 14.4 Exports (goods % as of GDCP) 12.5 (*) 12.2 (*) 9.8 13.2 26.8 (**) Imports (goods as % of GDP) 13.5 (*) 13.5 (*) 15.1 13.0 23.8 (**) Euro area (17) (*) Excluding intra-EU trade (**) 2010. Sources: European Commission AMECO, IMF WEO and DOTS. THE EURO-AREA ECONOMY 0% 5% 10%1 5% 20%2 5% 30% Germany France Italy Spain Netherlands Belgium Austria Greece Finland Portugal Ireland Slovakia Luxembourg Slovenia Cyprus Estonia Malta Poland Sweden Czech Republic Romania Hungary Bulgaria Lithuania Latvia United Kingdom Denmark SHARE OF INDIVIDUAL COUNTRIES IN TOTAL EU GDP Source: Eurostat, 2011. THE EURO - A GLOBAL CURRENCY The euro is the second largest reserve currency after the US dollar. Around 26% of the worldwide reserves are vow held in euro. I t is second m ost actively traded currency i n the world, used a round 20% o f daily t ransactions o n foreign exchange markets.
  37. 37. 39 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC SHARE OF GLOBAL GDP NORWAY SWEDEN DANMARK POLAND CZECH REPUBLIC ROMANIA BULGARIA LUXEMBOURG SLOVENIA DEUTSLANDBELGIUM FRANCE ITALYSPAIN PORTUGAL NEDERLAND GREECE SLOVAKIA LATVIA LITUHANIA DANMARK IRELAND UNITED KINGDOM POLAND CZECH REPUBLIC AUSTRIA BELARUS UKRAINE MALDOVA RUSSIA SERBIA BOSNA & HERZEGOVINA CROATIA MONTENEGRO MALTA CYPRUS KOSOVO MACEDONIA ALBANIA BAY OF BISCAY NORTH BISCAY BALTIC SEA GULF OF BOTHNIA CELTIC BISCAY GULF OF LIONS TYRRHENIAN SEA MEDITERRANEAN SEA ADRIATIC SEA IONIAN SEA AEGEAN SEA Euro-area countries EU Member States that have yet to adopt the euro EU Member States with an opt-out from the euro Rest of the world: 40.9% Euro Area: 14.3% European: Union 20% United States: 19.1% Japan: 5.6% China: 14.4%
  38. 38. 40 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator http://www .businessweek.com/articles/2012-12-21/europes -s- leaders-see-growth-business-prepares-for-worst#r=lr-fs Europe's Leaders See Growth; Business Prepares for the Worst “...Europe’s l eaders are starting to t alk, cautiously, about economic recovery. “Growth is expected to pick up i n the second half of 2 012 and gather speed i n 2013,” O lli R ehn, t he European C ommissioner f or Economic and M onetary Affairs, wrote in a D ec. 1 0 column in the Financial Times. In t he l atest show o f pessimism, on D ec. 21, Luxembourg-based s teel g roup A rcelorMittal (MT) took a $4.3 billion writedown on its European units. Steel demand in the region has already declined 29 percent since 2007, the company said in a statement. “This weaker demand environment, and expectations that it will persist over the near and medium term, led to a downward revision of cash flow expectations.” Spain’s official growth projections are widely dismis- sed as fantasy. A Bloomberg survey of 18 economists sees t he S panish economy contracting 1.5 percent next year, three times the government’s forecast 0.5 percent. If P rime Minister M ariano R ajoy has t o request a European bailout, the likely austerity measures that would be required would intensify the contraction...” By Carol Matlack on December 21, 2012 |
  39. 39. 41 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-01-08/euro-area unemployment-t- rate-rises-to-record-118-amid-recession.html Euro-Area Unemployment Rate Rises to Record 11.8% Amid Recession “...The euro-area economy has shrunk for two succes- sive quarters and economists foresee a further decline in gross domestic product in the final three months of last year, forcing companies to cut costs by slashing jobs. The European Central Bank estimates contrac- tions o f 0.5 percent and 0.3 percent in 2012 a nd 2013. Today’s jobless report showed that 18.8 million people were unemployed in the euro area in November, up 113,000 from the previous month. At 26.6 percent, Spain had the highest j obless r ate in t he c urrency bloc. Germany’s jobless r ate was 5.4 percent and France’s stood at 10.5 percent. Austria had the lowest rate at 4.5 percent...” By Marcus Bensasson - Jan 8, 2013 |
  40. 40. 42 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator http://www .businessweek.com/articles/2012-06-08/europe- e- considers-a-spanish-bank-rescue#r=lr-fst By Carol Matlack and Ben Sills on June 08, 2012 | Europe Considers a Spa- nish Bank Rescue “...According to people briefed on the planned call, the discussion will focus on recapitalizing lenders hit hard by t he bursting of S pain’s real estate bubble. That’s sure to be costly: Fitch Ratings, which on June 6 cut S pain’s debt r ating by t hree g rades, t o two steps a bove j unk, said bailing out t he banks could cost as much as €100 billion ($125 billion). Banking analysts at JP Morgan Chase (JPM) put the figure at as much as €150 billion. Fears about Spain’s banking sector have intensified in r ecent d ays, a fter Bankia, the country’s t hird-d- largest l ender, said it needed a €19 b illion bailout. Standard&Poor’ s(MHP) saido nJ une6 t hat it expec- ted Spanish banks to suffer €80b illiont o €112b illion inl oanl osses t hrough 2013. “Oncew e canr esolve this and get t he banks adequately capitalized, t he outlookf or S painm ayb e a littleb it b righter,”s ays James N ixon, chief European economist at S ociété Générale in London... ”
  41. 41. 43 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC http://www .businessweek.com/articles/2012-05-31/europes -s- crisis-spotlight-shifts-to-spain#r=lr-fst Europe's Crisis Spotlight Shifts to Spain “...As the debate continues, S pain’s real estate problems are festering. For years the country relied on home and office building activity as a source of growth. At t he h eight of t he boom, construction accounted for more than 20 percent of Spanish gross domestic product. That’s the same level it reached in Ireland. While both countries experienced similar real estate booms and busts, t heir actions post-crash have been strikingly different. Ireland worked quickly to address t he solvency of its banks—nationalizing them a nd r emoving billions of euros worth of toxic debt from their balance sheets by transferring it to a so-called bad bank...” By Matthew Philips on May 31, 2012 |
  42. 42. 44 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Catalonia’s economic activity has always depended on its ability to connect to the rest of the world. Catalonia is today an unbeatable meeting point for international business. 75% of exports and 60% of imports within the EU. Al- most 60% of Catalan exports have a medium-high to high technological content. The Situation Global to Local Economy The crisis in Catalonia 34%exports of spain located in Catalonia 60%exports have a tech- nological content
  43. 43. 45 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC During the bleakest days of the Great Depression, when Americans waited in bread lines and the nation’s future looked grim, the unemployment rate peaked at about 25%. In 2013, Spain’s unemployment rate tops 26% Young people have been especially affected, with 100,000 fewer people age 20-24 employed. About 70% more people left Spain in 2012 than in 2011, statistics show. 850,000 jobs over the last year: 2335,16 each day. A Bigger Depression The crisis in Spain 50%of the youth is unemployed 70%inrease of emigration in 2012 26%unemployemnt rate *numbers relative to Spain
  44. 44. 46 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  45. 45. 47 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 2,329 jobs lost everyday
  46. 46. 48 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator “Cataluña, leader in companies and families going bankrupt” http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2012/08/06/ barcelona/1344244621.html
  47. 47. 49 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  48. 48. 50 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  49. 49. 51 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 6 MILLION unemployees in Spain in 2013
  50. 50. 52 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  51. 51. 53 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC EVERY HOUR 1 CITIZENemigrates from Spain
  52. 52. 54 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator According to the Central Companies Directory (CCD), on January 1st, 2011, 3,246,986 companies in Spain, of which 3,243,185 (99.88%) are Small and Medium Entrerprises (SMEs) which means they have between 2 to 249 employees. The Market Small and Medium Enterprises 99.88%Companies in Spain are SMEs 18.3%of the total of SMEs in Spain are in Catalunia Over half of the Spanish SMEs are concentrated in the region of Catalonia with 624,723 thas represents 18.3% of the national total and the community with the high- est concentration of these type of entreprises. The majority of the SMEs in Catalunia are related to the service, commerce, construction and industry sectors. being the constroction sector the most affected by the crisis .
  53. 53. 55 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 300companies disappear everyday http://www.pymesyautonomos.com/
  54. 54. 56 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Retrato de las PYME 2012. (2012). Spain: Ministero de Industria, Energia y Turismo. P < 2mln euros 2 < P< 10 mln P >10 mln Distribution of Spanish companies by sectors and percentage of total 2010. Graphic 1. Evoluction of number of companies and annual variation (%). number of companies annual variation Distribution of the SMEs by sectors Economic Structure of the SMEs
  55. 55. 57 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC KBE Knowledge-based Economy Public policies for science, technology and innovation have always been aimed primarily at creating and dif- fusing knowledge. In recent years such policies have attracted increasing attention as a result of claims that knowledge-intensive industries are now at the core of growth, and that we are now entering a new type of knowledge-driven economy or even a completely new form of ‘knowledge society’. The knowledge economy. There are many who argue that we are moving towards a new ‘knowledge-based economy’ or ‘knowledge so- ciety’, in which the role and significance of knowledge as an input to economic processes has fundamentally changed. In some cases it is argued that this rests on advances in information technology that are leading to a ‘paradigm shift’. The idea here seems to be that there are basic changes in economic functioning, and changes in the
  56. 56. 58 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator economic rules of the game, for both business and poli- cymakers. Proponents of such views can be found in business, where the ‘new paradigm’ has been held to justify pre- viously high levels of stock prices in ICT and Internet- related companies, as well as in policy-making, and in innovation analysis. But what does it mean to speak of the ’knowledge economy? At the outset, it must be said that there is no coherent definition, let alone theoretical concept, of this term: it is at best a widely-used metaphor, rather than a clear concept. The OECD has spoken of knowledge based economies in very general terms, as meaning “those which are directly based on the production, distribution and use of knowledge and information”.2 This definition is a good example of the problems of the term, for it seems to cover everything and nothing: all economies are in some way based on knowledge, but it is hard to think that any are directly based on knowledge, if that means the production and distribution of knowledge and information products. The Knowledge Economy Indicators Knowledge Based Economy (KBE) includes performance for innovation (capabilities and output) and globaliza- tion (impact of globalization on work and life).Both in- novation and the drivers of a KBE require a broad set of
  57. 57. 59 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC skills and capabilities. The indicators for a KBE need to consider reading and writing as important as mathematics and science. The transition of work and life brought about by the KBE re- quires networking, problem solving and communication skills, from writing to marketing. •Production and diffusion of ICTs. ICT is the main technology underlying the KBE and in- creases in productivity. •Human resources, skills and creativity. These indicators represent the primary set of indicators needed to develop composite indicators on the human potential of a nation. These indicators reveal the crea- tive and absorptive capacity of a work force. •Knowledge production and diffusion. This group includes many of the traditional indicators of R&D and knowledge production. They provide us with sound trend data and with indicators to develop com- posite measures of globalization and competitiveness. •Innovation, entrepreneurship and creative destruction. These indicators tell us about the churn and change brought about by ICTs and globalizing knowledge econ- omies. They cover firm behavior and aspects of innova- tion including demand for innovative products, financ- ing and market innovation. The share of the population in specific age cohorts can provide insights into the de- mand for innovative products.
  58. 58. 60 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Human Capital The Lisbon Strategy The Lisbon Strategy, aka the Lisbon Agenda or Lisbon Process, was an action and development plan devised in 2000, for the economy of the European Union between 2000 and 2010.. Its aim was to make the EU “the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth with more and better jobs and greater social cohesion”, by 2010.It was set out by the European Council in Lisbon in March 2000. The role of ICT One of the groundbreaking aspects of the Lisbon agenda was the appeal by the heads of European governments to businesses’ new sense of corporate social responsi- bility as an asset for Europe’s competitiveness goals, particularly through lifelong learning, enabling opportu- nity and social inclusion. Microsoft’s Corporate Citizenship activities are built on
  59. 59. 61 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC four key areas which reflect the importance of this call: • Internet Safety and Policy Leadership to address key societal challenges in the ICT sector such as online child safety, privacy, security and spam; • Responsible Business Practices to ensure integrity and transparency in how we conduct our business and to provide a healthy workplace environment to our em- ployees; • Economic Opportunity to strengthen local economic development, growth, competitiveness and innovation, a priority which is at the heart of the Lisbon Agenda; • Digital Inclusion and Education to enable people, com- munities and nations to access the benefits of technol- ogy tools, skills and solutions through lifelong learning and education. Member states are strongly urged for reforms. They are required to improve (and not only increase) their invest- ment in knowledge and in human capital through the provision of better education and skills to their citizens in a lifelong learning perspective. The rapidly evolving knowledge economy imposes the continuous updating and renewal of skills, so as to adapt to changes. Lifelong learning perspective The objective of the session on Human Capital was to better identify appropriate strategies to improve the
  60. 60. 62 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Six states were on target to meet the goals of the EU’s Lisbon strat- egy before the economic crisis (Photo: European Community, 2006)
  61. 61. 63 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  62. 62. 64 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator measurement of the contribution of human capital to growth. This is of immediate relevance to the revised Lisbon strategy strongly emphasizes the relationship between growth, competitiveness and human capital. Member states are strongly urged for reforms. They are required to improve (and not only increase) their invest- ment in knowledge and in human capital through the provision of better education and skills to their citizens in a lifelong learning perspective. The rapidly evolv- ing knowledge economy imposes the continuous updating and renewal of skills, so as to adapt to changes. Workforce Competitiveness and growth The realization of knowledge economy, completion of the internal market and promotion of competition, the establishment of a favorable climate to businesses and an adaptable and inclusive labor market are identi- fied among the key issues for increasing the economic growth and higher productivity. Sound macroeconomic conditions make the crucial framework for success. Europe must address the challenge of ageing popula- tions and the need to increase labor productivity, as well as the EU economy to mounting competition from 100 millioneuropeans are registered in the education system
  63. 63. 65 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC working age population with a tertiary graduation 38% US EU 22% abroad. The range of economic activities exposed to external competition has widened, now including the production of both high-tech and labor intensive goods and services. To respond to these challenges, a re- newed Lisbon strategy has been designed focusing the European Union’s efforts on two principal tasks – de- livering stronger, lasting growth and more and better jobs. Action plans both by the individual Member States and Commission have been drawn up.
  64. 64. 66 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Talk to Gonzalo Delacamara The definition of KBE applied to our project During the process of un- derstanding the actual economic situation and how the project will be responsive to this in the Knowledge-based Econo- my, Gonzalo Delacamara helped the investigation to create the right scope addressed to improve the unemployed profes- sionals actual’s state. In his feedback, he made us realized that first of all, it is necessary to compre- hend the limits of our pro- ject. We should be aware of the reaching a building could have in terms of economics and job gen-
  65. 65. 67 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC eration. The research and proposal should define boundaries in where it is impossible to go through. We also discussed Spain is facing a brain drain and by giving new skills to this professionals and introduce them in the knowledge economy, it would be possible to launch again, in terms of innovation, an economy based over SME (Small and medium enterprises).Gonzalo Delacamara economist, researcher and international consultant
  66. 66. 68 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator The Third Industrial Revolution The introduction of steam-powered technology into printing transformed the medium into the primary com- munication tool to manage the First Industrial Revolu- tion. The steam printing machine increased the speed of printing and significantly reduced the cost. Print ma- terial proliferated in America and Europe, encouraging mass literacy for the first time in history. The advent of public schooling on both continents between the 1830s and 1890s created a print-literate workforce to organ- ize the complex operations of a coal-powered, steam- driven rail and factory economy. In the 1900s, electrical communication converged with the oil-powered internal combustion engine, giving rise to the Second Industrial Revolution. The electrification of factories ushered in the era of mass-produced man- by Jeremy Rifkin
  67. 67. 69 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC ufactured goods, the most important being the auto- mobile, altering the spatial and temporal dynamic of society. The demand for fuel made the United States the leading oil producer in the world. Families began re- locating in new suburban communities, recasting social life and creating a communication grid to manage and market the far-flung activities of the oil economy and auto age. The theory argues that conjoining Internet communica- tion technology and renewable energies is giving rise to a Third Industrial Revolution. The creation of a re- newable energy regime, loaded by buildings, partially stored in the form of hydrogen, distributed via an en- ergy internet—a smart intergrid—and connected to plug in zero emission transport, opens the door to a Third Industrial Revolution. The entire system is interactive, integrated and seamless. This interconnectedness is creating whole new opportunities for cross-industry re- lationships. The Third Industrial Revolution brings with it a new era of “distributed capitalism” in which millions of existing and new businesses and homeowners be- come energy players. In the process, it will create mil- lions of green jobs, jump start a new technology revolu- tion, and dramatically increase productivity, as well as mitigate climate change.
  68. 68. 70 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Like every other communication and energy infrastruc- ture in history, the various pillars of a Third Industrial Revolution must be laid down simultaneously or the foundation will not hold. That’s because each pillar can only function in relationship to the others. The five pil- lars are: (1) shifting to renewable energy (2) transforming the building stock of every continent into micro-power plants to collect renewable ener- gies on-site (3) deploying hydrogen and other storage technolo- gies in every building and throughout the infrastructure to store intermittent energies (4) using Internet technology to transform the power grid of every continent into an energy-sharing intergrid The five pillars of the Third industrial Revolution
  69. 69. 71 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC that acts just like the Internet (when millions of build- ings are generating a small amount of energy locally, on-site, they can sell surplus back to the grid and share electricity with their continental neighbors) (5) transitioning the transport fleet to electric plug- in and fuel cell vehicles that can buy and sell electric- ity on a smart, continental, interactive power grid. THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE FIVE PILLARS The UE would need €1 trillionbetween 2010 - 2050 on updating its electricity grid to accommodate an influx of renew- able energy The critical need to integrate and harmonize these five pillars at every level and stage of development became clear to the European Union in the fall of 2010. The European Union is expected to draw one-third of its electricity from green sources by 2020. This means that the power grid must be digitized and made intelligent to handle the intermittent renewable energies being fed to the grid from tens of thousands of local producers of energy.
  70. 70. 72 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator The knowledge economy’s growth into the knowledge society hinges on the proliferation of knowledge-in- tensive communities. These communities are basically linked to scientific, technical and some business profes- sions or projects. As has been said, they are character- ized by their strong knowledge production and repro- duction capabilities, a public or semi-public space for learning and exchange and, the intensive use of infor- mation technologies. “Only when increasing numbers of communities displaying those very characteristics are formed across a wide array of cognitive fields will the knowledge so ciety become a reality rather than a vison of a possible future.” David & Foray (2002). Economic Fundamentals of the Knowledge Society. From Knowledge Economy to Knowledge Society The Evolution of Knowledge
  71. 71. 73 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Not all of the competencies required for the knowledge economy are new – the soft-skills such as leadership, ability to work in teams, learning to learn, and commu- nication and analytical skills have been a feature of the workforce for centuries. “The knowledge economy represents a soft dis- continuity from the past – it is not a “new” economy operating to a new set of economic laws.” Notes de Prensa. (2011). Madrid: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica. It appear to be a number of set requirements: team- work, communication and learning skills. But these sorts of “soft skills“ can hardly be described as new. Indeed, though sidelined during the age of Fordism, they have always, throughout history, been crucial to the develop- ment and well-being of individuals in the world of work. A Soft Discontinuity The Evolution of Knowledge
  72. 72. 74 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Innovation Definition of innovation The process of translating an idea or invention into a good or service that creates value or for which custom- ers will pay. To be called an innovation, an idea must be replicable at an economical cost and must satisfy a specific need. In- novation involves deliberate application of information, imagination and initiative in deriving greater or differ- ent values from resources, and includes all processes by which new ideas are generated and converted into useful products. In business, innovation often results when ideas are applied by the company in order to fur- ther satisfy the needs and expectations of the custom- ers. In a social context, innovation helps create new methods for alliance creation, joint venturing, flexible work hours, and creation of buyers’ purchasing power.* Definition of Innovation Activities Innovative activities are all kinds of scientific, techno- logical, organizational, financial and trade, including in- vestment in new knowledge, which actually or poten-
  73. 73. 75 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC tially lead to the implementation of innovations. From this definition we can distinguish two types of innova- tion: technological innovation and non-technological in- novations. Definition of technology innovation Technological innovations include products (goods or services) and new technological processes and signifi- cant technological improvements thereof. An innovation is considered as such when it has entered the market (product innovation) or used in the production process of goods or services (process innovation). The impact of innovation on the SMEs 32.9% of Spanish companies with 10 or more employ- ees were innovative in 2008-2010. and marketing). In this percentage are included technological innovation (product and process) and non-technological (organi- zational and marketing). 32.9% 100% *http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/innovation.
  74. 74. 76 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator 41.9% of companies said that the priority of their inno- vative activities was to increase the quality of products or services. 36.5% identified as priority is the increase of produc- tion capacity or service provision. (Research and Development) How to do innovation The Evolution of Knowledge acquisition o f R&D (external R&D) machinery, equipment, advanced hardware or software acquisition of other external knowledge for innovation training for innovation activities Introduction of market innovations Design for production & distribution Notes de Prensa. (2011). Madrid: Instituto Nacional de Es- tadistica.
  75. 75. 77 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Product innovation in 2008-2010 accounted 38.8% of sales in 2010 for innovative companies. This percent- age drops to 17.7% if only considering products new to the market. What it’s doing innovation Main innovators Notes de Prensa. (2011). Madrid: Instituto Nacional de Es- tadistica. 62,7% computer and electronic 71,1% pharmacy 51,6% computer consultancy 73,3% companies services industry
  76. 76. 78 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator 16.171.000 € technological innovation spends. This amount of money represent a decrease of 8.3% over 2009. 2.1% impact on business. In 2010 reached 2.1% of the business of companies with 10 or more employees based on technological in- novation expenditure. Cost of innovation A company effort Notes de Prensa. (2011). Madrid: Instituto Nacional de Es- tadistica .David & Foray (2002). Economic Fundamentals of the Knowledge Society. “The need to innovate is growing stronger as in- novation comes closer to being the sole means to survive and prosper in highly competitive and globalized economies” madrid catalonia basque 37.0% 22.5% 9.0%
  77. 77. 79 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 44.9% of internal resources. 44% of companies considered internal information sources (within the company or group) were the most important to carry out innovation projects. 43.5 % of market resources. Meanwhile, 43.5% of companies considered market sources (suppliers, customers, competitors) Source for innovation Different strategies Notes de Prensa. (2011). Madrid: Instituto Nacional de Es- tadistica. 49,4% 27,3% 20,1% 28,2% 35,4% 18,3% 30,6% 21,4% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1_other companies 2_suppliers of equipment 3_clients 4_competitors 5_consultants or private institutes 6_universities and other teaching centers 7_public research centers 8_technology centers
  78. 78. 80 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator The unemployment registred a sharp drop of employees in the public and private sectors compensated by an increase in the number of self-employed. The labour market is rapidly, spurred by recent legislative inicia- tives: more part-time jobs & lower percentage of em- ployes with temporary contracts. The workforce and innovation Employment is now! 60%of employment is in the SMEs The most notable feature of Spanish SMEs is their con- tribution to employment generation, occupying about 60% of the total workforce. And in particular, are the smaller companies that occupy a larger number of em- ployees.
  79. 79. 81 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Employment by workforce in Spain in 2011
  80. 80. 82 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Training and development are important for all busi- nesses and are particularly critical for small organi- zations. Experienced, competent people contribute to both the productivity and profitability of the company. Remaining competitive depends in large measure on ensuring that your workforce is trained and up to date with ever-changing skills and knowledge, especially in today’s global economy, in which keeping up with new methods is so important. While training and development can be expensive, it is still considered worthwhile in terms of achieving the long-term benefits of company and individual. it is still necessary to provide training; otherwise, com- panies discover how easy it is to fall behind both in terms of competence and meeting customers’ needs. Training Innovation Stay Competitive
  81. 81. 83 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  82. 82. 84 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator OLED The future of lighting. (an printing)
  83. 83. 85 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Physics Introduction It’s all about particles [part I] In parallel with the economic research, there was a fo- cus on physics and particles as part of the multidiscipli- nary approach of this self-sufficient project. Starting from a general overview and understanding of particles, the initial focus was related to avant garde materials, processes and application of physics in archi- tecture or generation of energy. OLED The future of lighting. (an printing) OLEDs are brighter, thinner and more flexible than LEDs and consume less power than LCD. But most important, are printable. http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/oled1.htm Lighting and Energy
  84. 84. 86 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Cromatopheres Lighting in nature “...Chromatophores are pigment-containing and light-reflecting organelles in cells found in amphibians, fish, reptiles, crustaceans, cephalopods, and bacteria. ” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromatophore Cold light Dinoflagellates bioluminescence At least two chemicals are required. The one which produces the light is generically called a “luciferin” and the one that drives or catalyzes the reaction is called a “luciferase.” http://www.lifesci.ucsb.edu/~biolum/chem/
  85. 85. 87 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Conductive ink Throught an interactive connection Electrically conductive ink made of polycrystalline silver nanopolyhedrons.It could be created interactive and responsive surfaces where the light and the human behaivors could work together. http://www.lifesci.ucsb.edu/~biolum/chem/
  86. 86. 88 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Halite Salt Chrystals behaviors Commonly known as rock salt, is the mineral form of sodium chloride (NaCl). Halite forms isometric crystals. The mineral is typically colorless or white, but may also be light blue, dark blue, purple, pink, red, orange, yel- low or gray depending on the amount and type of im- purities. It commonly occurs with other evaporite deposit minerals such as several of the sulfates, halides, and borates. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halite Taking into account the proximity of our site to the coast of the Mediterranea Sea, the salt could have several advantages for the building: it could de- fine the material to use [so it doesn’t deteriorate or takes advantage of the salinity of the breeze], be the source of energy or even teach us from the crystalization processes and forms.
  87. 87. 89 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  88. 88. 90 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator building as a p INPUT 4: Solar heat. 6a on winter 6. INPUT 2: Humid hot wind. INPUT 5: Cold dry wind. 5. 5a. 5b [on winter] 4. 3. INPUT 3: Wind salinity 2.1.
  89. 89. 91 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC power plant OUTPUT 1: Mechanical energy. OUTPUT 3: Cold air. OUTPUT 5: Humid hot air. 5c. on winter [on winter] OUTPUT 2: Electric energy. OUTPUT 4: Fresh water. INPUT 1: Waste water. 1. Fiber reinforced polymer (salt catcher). 2. Water cleaner- Living machine. 1. Fiber reinforced polymer (salt catcher). 2. Water cleaner- Living machine. 6. Stirling engine. 6a. Mechanical Piston. 5. Saltwater spray absorption refrigeration. 5a. Fresh water. 5b. Fresh wter sprinkler. 5c. Saltwater sprinkler. 4. Salt battery. 3. Salt+fresh water. 2. Water cleaner- Living machine. 1. Fiber reinforced polymer (salt catcher). ENERGY SYSTEM (SALINITY)
  90. 90. 92 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  91. 91. 93 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC The program The hybrid agenda In the search for models capable of economising re- sources, hybrid buildings, are chance samples that in- clude the gene of mixed-use development in its code. This gene is necessary in order to adapt to the signs of the time. Personality Celebration of complexity: -Mixture of interdependent activities. -Opportunist building that take advantages of multiple skills. Sociability: -Meeting between private and public spaces. -The activity its constant and not controlled by public and private rhythm- Full time building. Form: -Attempts a undifferentiated habitat from the diversity of functions that are contained inside. -All the activities should provide life to the building.
  92. 92. Who/Human Capital H PROGRAM Urban Techn Know what SOCIAL INCUBATOR who HYBRID PROGRAM
  93. 93. INCUBATOR system social cohesion (integration) to work in the field of social entrepreneurship and get involved in the economic dynamics Future (Utopia) - training - - workshops - - laboratories - -tutories - life projects & competitivity innovation / new paradigms / processes revaluation and redirection of the workforce develops and promotes tools, skills and competencies adaptable vision for new tendencies ideologies ENERGY SYSTEM (SALINITY) 1. Fiber reinforced polymer (salt catcher). 2. Water cleaner- Living machine. 3. Salt+fresh water. 4. Salt battery. 5. Saltwater spray absorption refrigeration. 5a. Fresh water. 5b. Fresh wter sprinkler. 5c. Saltwater sprinkler. 6. Stirling engine. 6a. Mechanical Piston. OUTPUT 1: Mechanical energy. OUTPUT 2: Electric energy. OUTPUT 3: Cold air. OUTPUT 4: Fresh water. OUTPUT 5: Humid hot air. n > Public < Space ology ledge Form Sociability Personality
  94. 94. 96 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Learn Focus Collaborate Socialize 86%72% 83%70% 82%68% 83%70%
  95. 95. 97 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC The Work Nodes There is four modes of working around an office. Actu- ally, office design it’s just developing good FOCUS spac- es, but it’s not going through the other three work modes. Productive workforce it’s also equal to socialize, collab- orate, focus, relax and learn in healthy spaces. In the US companies there are expenses over the 80 millions of dollar for unhealthy and unproductive employees. Top performing com- panies design their workplace to support all four modes. Employees at top-performing companies not only spend more time collaborating and learning, they consider that time more critical to job success than do their peers at average companies, who remain focus work-centered.
  96. 96. 98 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Studying Alone Students prefer studying alone to group study by a fac- tor of almost 3:1, and quiet is as much a prerequisite for effective studying as it is hard to come by. This time alone represents almost half of the time stu- dents spend on campus. Consider the provision of indi- vidual on-campus space in light of student preferences and needs. (2011). CONNECTING CAMPUS DESIGN TO A NEW KIND OF STUDENT. Changing Course., 1, 10. Retrieved February 19, 2013, from http://www. gensler.com/uploads/documents/Changing_Course_Survey_10_08_2012. Students prefer studying alone almost 3 to 1. 01 Most on-campus time is spent working alone 01 Study alone Study in groups 71% 29% Studying- working alone on- campus. 44%Studying in groups 8%
  97. 97. 99 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Activities and Space The first approach of defining a Social Innovation Incubator The extensive research in several subjects until now, allows us to define the temptative program of the build- ing. The Social Innovation Incubator plans in short, medium and long term, combining strategies to move forward productive projects in different levels. It focuses on the reinsertion of the unemployeed workforce to the eco- nomic system of Barcelona but it also provides these and other users the technical and intellectual knowl- edge to develope skills that will allow them to adapt to the ever changing technologies and modifications of the performance of any job. On one hand, the Social Innovation Incubator provides the user (through workshops, laboratories, tutories, etc) with the necessary knowledge to face the new par- adigms and processes of innovation. On the other hand, it promotes competitive workers and entrepreneurs that will contribute to the economic growth of Barcelona and the social cohesion of Sant Andreu de Besós. The definition mentioned above as well as the pro- gram explained in the following pages, refer to an initial approach and it was later in the semester better developed and improved.
  98. 98. THE THIRD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION IN BASED UPON 5 PILLARS: 1. Shifting to Renewable Energy. 2. Converting Buildings into Power Plants. 3. Hydrogen and Other Energy Storage Technology. 4. Smart Grid Technology (Internet). 5. Plug in, Electric, Hybrid, and Fuel Cell based Transportation. Jeremy Rifkin. ECONOMY DEMATERIALIZATION to increase the productivity THE THIRD INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION IN BASED UPON 5 PILLARS: 1. Shifting to Renewable Energy. 2. Converting Buildings into Power Plants. 3. Hydrogen and Other Energy Storage Technology. 4. Smart Grid Technology (Internet). 5. Plug in, Electric, Hybrid, and Fuel Cell based Transportation. Jeremy Rifkin. ECONOMY DEMATERIALIZATION to increase the productivity HUMAN RESOURSESskills and creativity The age of discontinuity KBEKNOWLEDGE-BASED ECONOMY oduction and fusion of ICTs Innovation, entrepreneurship and creative destruction Knowledge production and diffusion KWOLEDGE DEVELOPMENT Research and Development, patents People´s knowledge potential (education) ICT - Infrastructure KWOLEDGE PRODUCTS Innovation + ICT-Products KWOLEDGE FLOWS exchange of knowlege and people USE OF KWOLEDGE Other Countries Universities Research Institutes Intermediaries Within companies between Within companies INNOVATION SYSTEM PYMESGoverment authorities WORKSHOP HUMAN CAPITALSupporting the Lisbon 2010 goals / Autumn 2004 The road to Lisbon 2010 – the role of ICT GROWTH COMPETITIVENESS KEIThe Knowledge Economy Indicators LIFELONG LEARNING PERSPECTIVE Renovating skills to adapt to changes - continuous UPDATING WHY reas on 02 05 06 06 08 03 07 04 SYSTEM social cohesion Creation of service design frameworks and models - context Urban > Public < Space Technology Innovation not Invention Knowledge Production / transmision / transfe JOBS PROGRAM unskilled employees CRISIS Unemployment loss and generation of jobs use rs WHO SPAIN CATA LONIA SITE INNOVATION INCUBATOR SOCIAL Training Reinsertion Production SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP 11 11 09 12 08 13 to see diagram go to: http://prezi.com/j2f96uxiygg4/midterm-presentation/
  99. 99. n t: n er HYBRID PROGRAM Users: Users: Users Users: Formation Investigation and production. Community - Gaming room. - Informal meeting rooms. Community spaces - Cafeteria. - Gaming room. Focusing spaces Fitness and wellness center - Kinetic stand alone gym. Library Performing and liberal arts center Exhibition center - Art. - Cinema. - Innovations. Plant lab Learning and research Market Themed entertainment Users: Collaborate spaces - Informal meeting rooms. - Co-working rooms. Practice spaces 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 day night 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Bulding building circuits and grey water Performance circuit and saltwater (1) (2) (6) (9) (10) (10)(7) (8)(3) (4) (5) (10) (1)(2)(3)(4) (5) (7) (8) (9) (6) 21 22
  100. 100. 102 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation IncubatorSocSoccialialll InInInInnnovnovnovovno aationon Incncububabattor 102102 IaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC MMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMMAAAAAA_AA_AA_AA_AA_AAAAAA_AA_AA_AAAA_AAAA_A_AAAA_AAAA_AA_A_AA_AAA_AA_AAA_AAAAAAAA_A_AAA_AAAA_AA_AA_AAA_AA_AAAAAAAA_AAAA_A ___01001011010010010100101010101001001001001001001001001010001000111000000010000000010001 20202020120120120120120202201022020102020202020201120101201202020120120200120220001012012022202012022020202010020201202202201012 1010112-22-22-22-22-22-22-22-22-22-22-22-22-22-2-2-22-2-2-22-22-22-22-22-2-22-222-22-22-22-22-22-222-22-22-22-2-22-22-22-2-22-2-22-22-222-222-22-222-2222 222 22 2222 222013 to see video go to: https://vimeo.com/62457632
  101. 101. 103 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 222222 -22 -2222222 -2222222222222222222 ResResReResR eaeaeaaaeaaarrrrrrrraarrearraarrraarrraarrrrrarrrrrrcchchchhchhchchhhcchchhhhchhchhhchhhhhchhchchchchhhcchhhhcchchchhhhccchcchchhhhchcchhchchcchhhchchhhhchchchhhhchhhchcchhchhhchcchchhcccchccchcchhhchcchcchchchhhchccchhccccchhhhh 11031 3222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222-20-2-20-2-20-200-20-20-2020-2020-20-200-2020-2020-20222-20-20-20-20-20-20-20-20-20200-20-20-20-2020202200-20-20-20-20-2-2002020-2-20-2020002-202-200200202222020131311111111111111311111111111111111111111111111111 MAAM _01_01 IIaIaa CCCCaCCCCCCCaCCCaCaaCa20010101001011111111111111011111
  102. 102. 104 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator 104104104104104 IaaIaaaIaaIaaIaaaCCCC MMMMAA_AA__AA 0101 2010112 222-22-2222222 010130000 SSoSoooocccccooccccS cS ialiallialiaalialiaaaalaali IIInInInInnnIInnnnnnnnovnovnovovnovvnoovo atatiatiatiatititiatataatttiaa ooononononoooonno IncIncncInccInInInnccIInccIIIn uubabubabbaububaububabauubatortortortottotototorortt
  103. 103. 105 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC After comprehending and analyzing the economical and social situation Spain, and thus Barcelona, is facing, comes the time to propose solutions through design. By designing an educational methodology, taking program choices, reading the morphology and site characteris- tics, the building and its components start to take shape and represent a vision that gathers all the subjects to- gether. A proposal that shapes itself by all the embed- ded information and that will reshape the life style of the learners and participants. Taking Dali’s house as example, located in Cadaqués and visited on the research trip, it’s easy to understand how an architectural space could be enough to influence its’ users. It’s a reciprocal relation where the architec- ture shapes the human behavior and the man reshapes his space. That its precisely what the Social Innovation Incubator wants to reach by design, to give the oppor- tunity to the learners and the participants to shape and be shaped by the space. The space The medium for changes
  104. 104. 106 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Another important conclusion to notice from the re- search trip is to define how the salt cloud and the knowl- edge cloud get together and actually build the project and the main objective of it, that is to bring new oppor- tunities of education and innovation to the unemployed professionals. That is why it’s necessary to insist with the project in education through innovation, and make a fusion be- tween the Mediterranean context and an innovative learning methodology.
  105. 105. 107 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC INNOVATION KNOWLEDGE Knowledge Innovation Communities SALTFACTORY SOCIAL INNOVATION INCUBATORLEARNING COMMUNITY CONTEXT
  106. 106. 108 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Conversation with Andrea Graziano Andrea is an architect, computational designer and digital explorer. Member and co founder of Co-de-iT and co- founder of FabLab Turin. He is also managing social media blogs related with innovations in edu- cation. By the time of the interview he transmitted that everything that is made by passion will be successful. The main points that he defined as important were: - New education models should not be defined allowance of evolution and flexibility. - Connectivity is as (or more than) important as learning networking. - It should be a mixture of activities where the learning, work and recrea- tion are developed together. NEXT EDU
  107. 107. 109 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  108. 108. 110 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator from innovate to innovation The human being in order to learn, through it different phases o growth, use and needs a variety of method that helps him to capture, keep and put in practice all the useful information. Actually, different sociologist and other specialist, are understanding that the “class- room model “ its not the only way of learn and not the must efficient. In order to create an innovative paradigm in the edu- cation system of Spain, it’s necessary to propose an education methodology that will take place inside of the building. One of the objective was to replace the logic of training and adapt inside these methodology the must advanced ways of learning that are being proved and applied in different spaces. In terms of efficiency, its necessary to put pressure over the system and make the learning phase a faster meth- od in order to response actively to the actual situation. Learning and innovation
  109. 109. 111 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 01 Open Education Access and distribution of knowledge to regions of the world where higher education is not readily available / Recruitment and retention of students, as well as cur- riculum development and research collaboration among faculty / Sustainability of interest in and access to high- er education. Examples: NYU Open Education on Facebook, MIT, PO olitécnica de Madrid, Tecnológico de Monterrey Brief of education models and theories Online courses- http://www.ocwconsortium.org/
  110. 110. 112 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator 02 Social Learning Enviroments. (SLEs) SLE is a place where individuals and groups can come together and co-create content, share knowledge and experiences, and learn from one another to improve their personal and professional productivity. It is a place that can be used to extend formal content-based e-learning for social interaction between learners and tutors. A SLE doesn’t manage, control and track users, but rather provides an open environment for working and learning collaboratively. Attention —Retention — Reproduction - Motivation Elements for constructing social learning enviroments http://www.upsidelearning.com/
  111. 111. 113 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC 03 Context based education. All cognitive processes require constant practice and getting better thoughtout life is important. LEARNING IS IMPROVEMENT IN ONE’S COGNITIVE PROCESSES. Lifetime learning does not only mean the continual ac- quisition of knowledge, so much as the improvement in one’s ability to perform these cognitive processes, by the acquisition and alalysis of experience. What we should do is to teach employees how to think more clearly within the context of jobs. We should be providing worplace-based contexts, typicall ones that are beyond their day to dat tastks, contexts for exm- ployees to think within and about. Prediction - Modeling - Experimentation - Evalua- tion - Diagnosis - Planning - Causation
  112. 112. 114 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator 04 BAUHAUS / The new man, the new technique. The idealistic basis of Bauhaus was a socially orientated programme. An artist must be conscious of his social responsibility to the community. AND the community has to accept the artist and support him.Removing the limitations of professionalism. The Bauhaus system al- lowed for a work practice built on varied social, techni- cal, and methodical basic knowledge.Specialization to- gether with solid basic knowledge was not a risk when the students were employed by the production. They were able to follow the changes in technology and so- ciety in a flexible manner. Homogeneous professional roles started to dissolve in practice, or at least to change radically. At the same time it seemed necessary for the student to take personal responsible for his studies and the development of professional skill. THE THREE PILLARS. craft was the foremost pillar. drawing and painting was the second pillar. science and theory for the third pillar.
  113. 113. 115 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  114. 114. 116 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator 05 Steiner education is a humanistic approach to pedagogy based on the ed- ucational philosophy of the Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner, the founder of an- throposophy. Works for all children irre- spective of academic ability, class, ethnicity or religion / Takes account of the needs of the whole child – aca- demic, physical, emotional and spiritual / Is based on an understanding of the relevance of the different phases of child develop- ment / Develops a love of learning and an enthusiasm for school / Sees artistic ac-
  115. 115. 117 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC tivity and the development of the imagination as inte- gral to learning / s tried and tested and is part of state funded, mainstream provision in most European coun- tries; Is respected worldwide for its ability to produce very able young people who have a strong sense of self and diverse capacities that enable them to become so- cially and economically responsible citizens
  116. 116. 118 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator 06 Social Development Theory Many schools have tradion- ally held a transmissionist or instructionist model in which a teacher or lecturer “transmits”information to students. In contrast, Vygotsky’s the- ory promotes learning con- texts in which students play an active role in learning. Roles of the teacher and stu- dent are therefore shifted, as teacher collaborates with his or her students in order to help facilitate meaning con- struction in students. Learning therefore becomes a reciprocal experience for the students and teacher.
  117. 117. 119 2 -Research 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC - Knowledge constructed by itself. - Development can not be separated from its social con- text. - Prior conceptions and new concepts are interwoven. - Language plays a central role in mental development. 07 Workforce innovation Holistic approach Help businesses run better and help individuals become better employees. It’s that simple. Short-term training Training that can occur in less than a year. Follow up On site training (at work) for starting-up and developed companies On-line classes for starting-up and developed compa- nies. Personal development Help people develop basic workplace skills, including teamwork, communication and overall professionalism. Social Support Transportation, resting places, open kitchenette and childcare that allows them to complete the coursework.
  118. 118. 120IaaC MAA_01 DESIGN PROJECT3 Introduction A self sufficient building has to be a system of co rela- tion matters that gather together an architectural ob- ject with answers in economic, technologic and social subjects. The social innovation incubator grows within the actual situation and gives an optional solution over the social and economic issues that the unemployed profession- als with capability to work are facing. The architectural program was developed by understanding a variety of innovative educational methods and giving the option to the users (in the case of our project, learners and participants) to develop new skills and prepare them to be ready for the change of matrix that the industry is facing. As an architecture proposal, it’s embedded with context information by using the high salinity of the Mediter- ranean Sea and adapting the volume with the environ-
  119. 119. 121IaaC MAA_01 mental characteristics. The shape is based on the min- eral growth analysis understanding the aggregation as a main concept, basing the volume with the halite (salt crystal) growths and how these mineral adapt over dif- ferent configurations. Also, it uses the Mediterranean Sea salinity as a power tool to feed the sense of the building, using self suf- ficient sensor modules that release signals to improve the performance of the system and save energy by re- sponding to the climate situation.
  120. 120. 122 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator from innovate to innovation Principles The transition towards an economy based on knowl- edge and innovation is creating unknown paradigms. We are living a revolution. We are part of it. The Learning Methodology for the SII, presents 5 prin- ciples and 6 pillars based on the analysis of revolution- ary pedagogic and educational theories, that will set the hints to design the path for innovation through educa- tion of this new model. 01 Short term education (1 to 3 months) 02 Holistic aproach 03 Lifelong learning capacity 04 Career and life-project oriented education: launch- ing of skilled technicians, proffesionals and experts 05 Follow - up (both in bussiness and education) Learning methodology
  121. 121. 123 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  122. 122. 124 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Pillars Comprehensive Learning Improvement in cognitive process. Besides continual acquisition of knowledge, lifetime learning relies on the improvement in one’s ability to perform these cognitive processes, by the acquisition and capacity of analizing their experiences. Know/how Learning Straight forward education (instructor to learner) Active Learning Learners play an active role in educational process Horizontal education (learner to learner). Reciprocal education: Roles of the instructor and learner are shifted, as the instructor collaborates with the learn- ers to help facilitate meaningful construction. Learning therefore becomes a reciprocal experience. Adaptive Learning Open Data (the knowledge cloud) Informal information sharing through existing platforms and networks. Formal information sharing of academic material, plan- ning material, evaluation tools and thematic content.
  123. 123. 125 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Self Learning Promotion of individual practice and updating for a life- long education. Personal growth and motivation through artistic, cul- tural, recreational and creative activities. Development of basic workplace skills, including team- work, communication and overall professionalism. Contextual Learning Provide the learning in an environment related to their workplace to teach them think more clearly within the context of jobs. Identify what people do on a work day and reflect on the cognitive processes they engage in when they do it. Social Support: transportation, resting places, open kitchenette and childcare that allows the learners to complete the coursework.
  124. 124. 126 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator active learning comprehensive learning contextual learning
  125. 125. 127 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC know-how learningk h lknow-how lea self learning adaptive learning [e-learning] @
  126. 126. 128 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Semi-qualified or qualified person with work experience in a specific field who needs knowledge update for job opportunities. People with an academic grade (under or post) in search of jobs opportunities to col- laborate with or start a business. Entrepreneurs which business is in crisis or bankrupt in search of opportunities to inno- vate. Intermediate [low level] Advanced [high level] Beginner [low level] Participants Learning Methodology
  127. 127. 129 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Learning Phase Incubator Phase Follow in Phase Development of multidisciplinary project to apply the knowledge and techniques prevously learn. Immersion to innovative tools and techniques for ex- pertise in a specific field. Mind set shift to introduce innovative work processes (Concept, economy and tools). To connect the learner to existent companies or busi- nesses which profile match their preferences, knowl- edge and skills. At the same time the learners’s profiles are introduced to these companies. To promote a co-working space to share knowledge ide- as among the three levels of learners with the intension of starting a project. Retrofitting - Follow in of the learners (entrepreneurs and workers) in order to reach reciprocal support.
  128. 128. 130 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  129. 129. 131 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  130. 130. 132 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Project references Work’s sources. Shigeru Ban (www. shigerubanarchitects.com) - Use of cardboard as principal construction material for medium structures. - Light architecture. Frei Otto (www. freiotto.com) - Light structures. - Biomimicry based structures.
  131. 131. 133 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Aranda Lasch (www. http://terraswarm.com/ comingsoon/) - Aggregation based geometries. - Mineral volumes. Cloud 9 (http://www.e-cloud9.com/) - Multi scalar design. - Light structures. - Operative surfaces. - Socialist design.
  132. 132. 134 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator The site its 600 m from the Mediterranean Sea, this is the reason for the salt aggregation struc- tures that could be found near this place. The Medi- terranean Sea salinity levels between 36% to 38%, this is also the per- fect range to power our energy system. The site Between local connection and the Mediterranean sea RAMBLARAMBLA FORUMFORUM RAMBLARAMBLA 735 1.8 325 BESOS MARBESOS MAR Metro Station 875 m
  133. 133. 135 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC FORUMFORUM 325 Area without shadow impact 14,300 m2 [ 7.1% ] Area with shadow impact 5,920 m2 m2 [ 29% ] CAM LIMACAM LIMA Tram Station 65 m FORUMFORUM Tram Station 525 m BESOS MARBESOS MAR Metro Station 275 m LA MINALA MINA Tram Station 340 m MEDITERRANEANMEDITERRANEAN 600 m600 m PORT FORUMPORT FORUM Port / SeaPort / Sea 150 m150 m PORT FORUMPORT FORUM Beach / SeaBeach / Sea 500 m500 m
  134. 134. 136 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator The landscape Operativeand agreggated
  135. 135. 137 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  136. 136. 138 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  137. 137. 139 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  138. 138. 140 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  139. 139. 141 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  140. 140. 142 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator The path Operating inside the building
  141. 141. 143 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  142. 142. 144 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  143. 143. 145 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  144. 144. 146 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  145. 145. 147 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  146. 146. 148 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  147. 147. 149 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC ENTRANCE HALL
  148. 148. 150 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  149. 149. 151 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC CLASSROOM
  150. 150. 152 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  151. 151. 153 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC COLLABORATIVE ROOM
  152. 152. 154 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator “ In the physical sciences, a particle is a small local- ized object to which can be ascribed several physical properties such as volume or mass. The word is rather general in meaning, and is refined as needed by various scientific fields. Its possible to see the design through the particles point of view. “ By looking the design as a “smaller scale” operation, it’s possible to understand it as a multi scalar system. Architecture is looking again, thanks to the new fabrica- tion methods and interdisciplinary science advances, to the design of particular operative products to improve the space experience and building performance. ----------- With the logic of the “particles” concept, the design will be improved by using its physical and chemical behav- Its all about particles Understanding the physics of particles “Particle”. AMS Glossary. American Meteorological Society.
  153. 153. 155 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC iours and responses, abstracting the nature’s logics, and using nature as an operative system within the project. Since the beginning of the investigation, there was a direct phenomenon that drove the main direction. The salinity accumulation existing near the site was show- ing an opportunity to go deeper into this subject, and the proximity to the ocean provided the opportunity to understand some logics related to what its happening there. With the help of Jopsep Perelló, a rooted research start- ed, that drove a design solution inherent with the local situation.
  154. 154. 156 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Architecturally, this system relates to aggregate con- struction scenarios and materials. Aggregates consist of loose-fill arrangements of materials that are contained with boundary conditions and auto-orient themselves based on size, external conditions and structural forces. Self organized systems From chaos to order VENUS its a chair by Tokujin Yosh- ioka where he use a base structure of polyester elastomer where the water will attached the NaCl in order to create a crystal structure. SHIO is an skeleton made from fab- rics and translucent plastics, but the main structure are made of salty water by controlling the enviroment parameters as: Humidity, tempera- ture, water baume scale, and oth- ers. Salt/Aggregation growth Nature crystal growing http://www.tokujin.com/ http://www.studioshio.com/studio Cristalization phenomena Growing and aggregation
  155. 155. 157 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC MIT/ http://phyllotax.is/self-assembly/ This scenario proposes a large-scale application of ag- gregate materials, outside the scale of material proper- ties and into the realm of construction methodologies...”
  156. 156. 158 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  157. 157. 159 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC “...Green House Co. Ltd., a Japanese electronics firm, has developed a new “power-generation LED lamp” called GH-LED10WBW that runs on salty water. Requir- ing no batteries, the lantern runs for eight hours for each fill of saline solution. The device doesn’t just light the way; it can also be used to power other USB-pow- ered devices. When the saline water is put in the lantern, it functions as an electrolyte with a magnesium (Mg) rod (negative electrode) and a carbon rod (positive electrode) inside the lantern, the magnesium rod has to be replaced af- ter about 120 hours of power generation...” Mg C +- Salt Water led Saltwater/Energy Electrolisis as an energy source. http://www.green-house.co.jp/products/life/led/ledlight/gh-
  158. 158. 160 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator The first prototype was developed through the under- standing and testing of an electrolysis system. Besides other types of green sources, the electrolysis is the less explored one but it’s also the less variable one. Solar and wind energy, for example, depend of variable ele- ments, this system could be more stable because the range needed for energy generation is wide and sea salinity levels don’t change a lot. Prototypes objectives: 1. Volts production. 2. Watts production. 3. Time of production. 4. Material uses. Conclussions: 1. 6 to 9 volts. 2. 18 mA. 3. 3 weeks working. 4. Water needs to recirculate in the 2nd week. 5. Level of mA are not enough for make an arduino works. Saltwater/Energy 1st prototype 1 3 2 3 + - 1 3 2
  159. 159. 161 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  160. 160. 162 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Prototype objectives: 1. Water cycle. 2. Connect an Arduino Board. Conclussions: 1. The ram pump system works inside of the battery. 2. The mA levels are not enough. 3. The battery size could be optimized. Saltwater/Energy 2nd Prototype 1 2 3 4
  161. 161. 163 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  162. 162. 164 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Prototype objectives: 1. Connect Arduino board and light sensors. 2. Optimized battery size. 3. Optimized battery position and use. Conclussions: 1. 80% size reduced from previus prototype. 2. Produce 12v of energy. 3. Arduino could be powered but still not stable. This battery will be used as a self sufficient sensor that will translate the data received from the sun to a re- sponsive facade system that is distributed in the build- ing. Saltwater/Energy 3rd Prototype 1 2 3 Acrylic cap. Dripping tank. Electrolysis rac. 4 Waste water tank. 1 2 3 4
  163. 163. 165 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  164. 164. 166 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator Saltwater/Source From the Mediterranean Sea - Distance: From 600 m to 2 km. - Salinity levels: 3.5%. - Transportation method: Gravity ram pump.
  165. 165. 167 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC - Distance: 13 km. - Salinity levels: 7.3%. - Transportation system: Land transportation. Saltwater/Source From the Mediterranean Sea
  166. 166. 168 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator “In nature, shape is cheaper than material. This has been shown a number of times and is manifested in the remarkably high performance, both absolute and specific, of biological materials which is achieved not by the us of high performance component but by the degree of detail and competence in their design and construction.” The hexagonal patterns occur when structures have to absorb two dimensional stresses in all directions. Matter apparently shapes itself into to sort of structure that is best fit to absorb stress because the forces need to move along the shortest distances. Constructive and structural system Learning from nature. Lightness: the inevitable renaissance of minimum energy structures. Julian Vincent (2005) , Smart by nature, Ed.
  167. 167. 169 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC A basic structure and its material utilization with the building’s logics was structurally tested and threw these results: 1. A polyhedron that contains hexagonal faces is struc- turally stable by itself. 2. it’s necessary to decrease the top section of the com- plete geometry in order to optimize the material utiliza- tion. If not, the structure on the top should be thicker and not viable. 3. There should be reinforcement in the bottom vol- umes to turn them in “foundations” and help in holding the structure. Base structure analysis Abstracting nature’s logic.
  168. 168. 170 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator 1 2 3 Fixed joins triangular frame. Pin join beam. Tension structural cable. 1 2 3 The main structure is composed by cardboard tubes with fixed and pinned steel joins. The logic of the mod- ule is to follow the aggregation and lightness concept and help to reshape the project once that it’s finished. The aggregation works from the heavier system to the lightness module composition. Creating proper founda- tions, by adding to the system stress skin panels make a stronger structural solution. The proposed system Cardboard truncated hectahedra structure.
  169. 169. 171 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Its a relation between a triangular fixed joints frame and a pinned beam that could move in x and y but once that everything is set, it will be strong enough to trans- late the forces to the ground. 1 2 3 Cardboard structure pipe. Tension structural cables. Pin node. 4 Fixed node. 1 2 3 4
  170. 170. 172 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator The building is designed to be assembled on site; all the modules are prefabricated systems that can be trans- ported as structural components. The aggregation logic allows building it as a numerical and three-dimensional puzzle that gets stable when the whole building will be finished. This characteristic also lets the building grow in the fu- ture by adding new modules if the program needs to change in order to solve new spatial needs. The project is principally composed by truncated tet- rahedrons with three different shapes between each other. The modular growth Constructing the ligthness.
  171. 171. 173 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  172. 172. 174 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator One of the laws that rules the modules’ distribution its the lightness that, by decreasing the weight of the sur- face’s material, a shape that growth from a solid vol- ume foundation to a wireframe structure. The materials used are: 1. Cardboard tubes as the main structure. 2. Stress skin panel that works in bending forces an reinforce the bottom bases. 3. ETFE surfaces that helps to cover volumes that should be lighter in the top of the building and are designed for being solar responsive. The proposed system Cardboard truncated hectahedra structure.
  173. 173. 175 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Saltwater sensor mod- ule. Solar/ETFE responsive panel Stress skin panel Wind responsive panel
  174. 174. 176 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator The batteries should be located in the most affected faces because of two reasons, to create a double layer that increases the thickness of the surface an helps to keep away the heat and more importantly, to keep the water warm because is optimizes the electrolysis reac- tion inside them. In other hand, the solar responsive ETFE modules are located in the transition zone between the most affect- ed faces and the ones that stay in shadows. In this section the wind responsive modules it’s also located. These help to get a stronger structure but also create a path for the wind to flow through the zones that are less warm. The proposed system Cardboard truncated hectahedra structure.
  175. 175. 177 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC Saltwater sensor mod- ule. Solar/ETFE responsive panel Stress skin panel Wind responsive panel
  176. 176. 178 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator to see video go to: https://vimeo.com/69261744
  177. 177. 179 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  178. 178. 180 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  179. 179. 181 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  180. 180. 182 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  181. 181. 183 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  182. 182. 184 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  183. 183. 185 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  184. 184. 186 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  185. 185. 187 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  186. 186. 188 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  187. 187. 189 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  188. 188. 190 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  189. 189. 191 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  190. 190. 192 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  191. 191. 193 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  192. 192. 194 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  193. 193. 195 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  194. 194. 196 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  195. 195. 197 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  196. 196. 198 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  197. 197. 199 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  198. 198. 200 IaaC MAA_01 2012-2013 Social Innovation Incubator
  199. 199. 201 3 -Design Project 2012-2013 MAA_01 IaaC
  200. 200. 202IaaC MAA_01 OPEN COLLECTIVE3 The team behind the project. Multidisciplinary group which conforms, promotes and proposes concepts of openness, connectivity and ex- change of ideas in an interconnected and international environment. Alejandra Días de León Lastras Mexican MAA, collaborator with the Mexican firm Taller 13 in re- generative architecture projects and coordinator of the Architec- ture Cell of the multidisciplinary studio Ezequielfarca in Mexico City. Robert Garita Garita Costa Rican MAA co founder of MG Studio, member of The open innovation group (Holcim Costa Rica) and professor of design in Veritas University, School of de- sign, Costa Rica.
  201. 201. 203IaaC MAA_01 Aldo Sollazzo Italian MAA, co founder of Nou- mena Architecture. Member of “Ordine Degli Ar- chitetti di Roma”. Worked for several international firms Embt-MirallesTagliabue , Nabito and Studio Transit. Mauricio Valenzuela Nicaraguan MAA co founder of Estudio Híbrido, project manag- er of several central american developments, and professor of design in Universidad America- na (UAM), Faculty of Architec- ture, Nicaragua. Links // www.opencollective.com Social Network // www.facebook.com/OpenCollective Sources // www.noumenaarchitecture.com // www.estudiohibrido.com // www.bcnmainstreet.com
  202. 202. www.iaac.net Accredited by: www.upc.edu fablabbcn.org www.valldaura.net valldauraS elf S ufficient Lab

×