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Banana's Secrets

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Seminar in Clinical Nutrition . …

Seminar in Clinical Nutrition .
Topic was about alternative medicine.
Level 8


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  • 1. CHS 439 Banana’s Secrets Presented by: Abeer AlSafi Samar AlDhamadi Supervised by : Dr. Saada Alorf
  • 2. Banana’s Secret -
  • 3. Objective, ♣ To find out the Effect of FLAVONOID in Banana as Antioxidant and Antiulcerogenic factor .
  • 4. Content, 1 Introduction. 2 Allergic Reactions. 3 Composition & Nutrient Content. 4 Banana as Antioxidant. 5 Banana as Antiulcerogenic. 6 Conclusion. 7 Recommendations.
  • 5. Introduction , [1] Banana is a yellow fruit which consists of 2 Layers: 1 Protective Layer (peal, skin). 2 Inner Layer (fleshy, soft portion). - Western Culture Eat Inside Raw and through away the Skin. - Some Asian Cultures Eat Both (outer layer + inner layer).
  • 6. Other Names , [2] Bananier Nain Canbur Plantain Curro
  • 7. Scientific Classification [1], Kingdom Plantae. Family Musaceae. Genus Musa.
  • 8. Why it called Banana [1]? Some sources assert that the genus of the banana, Musa, is named for Antonio Musa, physician to the Emperor Augustus. Others say that Linnaeus, who gave the genus its name in 1750, simply adapted an Arabic word for banana, mauz. The word banana itself comes from the Arabic word banan, which means quot;fingerquot;.
  • 9. Banana’s Facts [ 3 ], Bananas are available ALL year round, they are Harvested everyday of the year.
  • 10. Banana’s Facts [ 3 ], As bananas ripen, the starch in the fruit turns to sugar. Therefore, the riper the banana the sweeter it will taste.
  • 11. Banana’s Facts [3], Bananas are great for athletic and fitness activity because they replenish necessary carbohydrates, glycogen and body fluids burned during exercise.
  • 12. Production [1], India China Brazil 16.8 million tons. 6.7 million tons. 2005 6.4 million tons.
  • 13. Allergic Reactions [4], ♠ Itching. ♠ Burning Sensation in Lips and Pharynx. ♠ Triggered in the Eyes, Nose, and Skin. ♠ Swelling of the Lips, and Tongue. ♠ Sensation of Tightness of the Throat.
  • 14. Allergic Reactions [4], Severe Vomiting. indigestion. NOT treated Cramps. Diarrhea.
  • 15. Composition [5], Water Dry Content 75% 25%
  • 16. Nutrient Content , [5] Value per Nutrient Units 100 grams Water 74.91 g Energy 89 kcal Energy 371 kJ Protein 1.09 g fat 0.33 g Ash 0.82 g Carbohydrate 22.84 g Fiber 2.6 g Sugars 12.23 g Sucrose 2.39 g Glucose (dextrose) 4.98 g Fructose 4.85 g Lactose 0.00 g Maltose 0.01 g Starch 5.38 g
  • 17. Minerals , [5] Value per Nutrient Units 100 grams Calcium, Ca 5 mg Iron, Fe 0.26 mg Magnesium, Mg 27 mg Phosphorus, P 22 mg Potassium, K 358 mg Sodium, Na 1 mg Zinc, Zn 0.15 mg Copper, Cu 0.078 mg Manganese, Mn 0.270 mg Fluoride, F 2.2 mcg Selenium, Se 1.0 mcg Saturated Fatty acids 0.112 g Monounsaturated Fatty acids 0.032 g Phytosterols 16 mg
  • 18. Amino acids [5], Value per Nutrient Units 100 grams Tryptophan 0.009 g Threonine 0.028 g Isoleucine 0.028 g Leucine 0.068 g Lysine 0.050 g Methionine 0.008 g Cystine 0.009 g Phenylalanine 0.049 g Tyrosine 0.009 g Valine 0.047 g Arginine 0.049 g Histidine 0.077 g Alanine 0.040 g Aspartic acid 0.124 g Glutamic acid 0.152 g Glycine 0.038 g Proline 0.028 g Serine 0.040 g
  • 19. Flavonoid [6], It is one of the LARGEST Groups of Naturally occurring PHENOLS. They are Found in ALL Parts of Green Plants. It is Estimated that 2% of ALL Carbon Photosynthesized by Plants is Converted into FLAVONOIDS.
  • 20. Flavonoids, Flavonoids Flavonoid classification Neoflavonoids Isoflavonoids
  • 21. Flavonoid [6], Anti- inflammatory hypoglycemic hypolipidemic Anti- antioxidant ulcerogenic
  • 22. Antioxidant [7], Several Studies have emphasized that FLAVONOIDS from different Botanical sources can act as a Powerful antioxidants.
  • 23. Antioxidant [6], Normal High fat normal High diet diet diet. fat + + diet. flavonoid flavonoid (10mg (10mg BW). BW). 6 RATS in each groups
  • 24. Antioxidant [6], Food intake and weight gain were almost similar in both control and experimental groups. malodialdehyde Superoxide dismutase hydroperoxides catalase Conjugated diens Indicating its free radicals scavenging activity Peroxidation products
  • 25. Antioxidant [6], The Study Emphasis that the Flavonoids from Banana act as an Effective Antioxidant.
  • 26. Anti-ulcerogenic [ 9 - 10 ] Protect the gastric mucosa from aspirin induced erosions. Leucocyanidin and its Flavonoid found to hydroxyethylated and tetraallyl derivatives significantly increased mucus thickness.
  • 27. Anti-ulcerogenic [10 ] Of dried unripe plantain banana were found to be anti- ulcerogenic against aspirin- induced ulceration in the rat and Various were effective both as a preparations prophylactic treatment and in healing ulcers already induced by aspirin. Ripe fruit bananas were inactive.
  • 28. Anti-ulcerogenic [ 9 -10 ] was water soluble and was concentrated by The active extraction to factor approximately 300 X that in the dried banana powder.
  • 29. Conclusion, The supplementation of a balanced diet containing banana could be Effective in Protecting the Body against Various Oxidative Stress.
  • 30. Conclusion, Aspirin induced Ulceration Antiulcerogenic Prevention Healing
  • 31. Recommendation [11], Banana : ♣ A day keeps the Doctor away ! ♣ Can protect and treat Aspirin induced ulceration . ♣ Effective in cardiovascular disease due to antioxidant activity . ♣ Great for athletic and fitness activity.
  • 32. References, [ 1 ]- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana [ 2 ]- http://www.crfg.org/pubs/ff/banana.html [ 3 ]- http://bananasaver.com/BananaFacts.htm [ 4 ]- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oral_allergy_syndrome [ 5 ]- [ 5 ] USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21 (2008) http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp/cgi-bin/list_nut_edit.pl [ 6 ]- Antioxidant activity of banana flavonoids. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6VSC-4RSYC66- 9&_user=1454333&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000052544&_version=1&_url Version=0&_userid=1454333&md5=dbddebe0eb9eef8910d6e92b8a5b9b9c [ 7 ]- Antioxidant capacity and phenolic content of selected tropical fruits from Malaysia, extracted with different solvents. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T6R-4V3SY90- G&_user=1454333&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000052544&_version=1&_url Version=0&_userid=1454333&md5=ea00bb2b71a5538c94cd197ff9a80815
  • 33. References, [ 8 ] A natural flavonoid present in unripe plantain banana pulp (Musa sapientum L. var. paradisiaca) protects the gastric mucosa from aspirin-induced erosions http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T8D-3WJ6X7M- 13&_user=1454333&_coverDate=06/30/1999&_alid=892506394&_rdoc=5&_fmt=high&_orig=search& _cdi=5084&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=14&_acct=C000052544&_version=1&_urlVersion=0& _userid=1454333&md5=9559df8a3e80bc6c8439c535205c0dbd [ 9 ] A natural flavonoid and synthetic analogues protect the gastric mucosa from aspirin-induced erosions , David A. Lewis and Graham P. Shaw http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T8P-42BS96C- 5&_user=1454333&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C00005254 4&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=1454333&md5=0c4258c608b92dcea4341db4d 5e8509a [ 10 ] The anti-ulcerogenic activity of the unripe plantain (Musa species). R. Best, D. A. Lewis, and N. Nasser http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1987262
  • 34. Thank You!

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