Herbal Medicine

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Herbal Medicine

  1. 1. HERBAL MEDICINE BY:DANIEL THOMAS A. BERBERABE
  2. 2. DEFINITION  Also called herbalism  traditional medicinal or folk medicine practice based on the use of plants and plant extracts.  The type of environment (climate, bugs, soil quality) in which a plant grew will affect its components, as will how and when it was harvested and processed.
  3. 3. HOW DO HERBS WORK?  For most herbs, the specific ingredient that causes a therapeutic effect is not known. Whole herbs contain many ingredients, and it is likely that they work together to produce the desired medicinal effect.
  4. 4. HERBAL MEDICINE VS. MODERN MEDICINE??  Used correctly, many herbs are considered safer than conventional medications, but because they are unregulated, herbal products are often mislabeled and may contain undeclared additives and adulterants.
  5. 5. EXAMPLES OF ADVERSE REACTIONS IN HERBAL MEDICINES  Bleeding time may be altered with the use of garlic, ginkgo, feverfew, and ginger, among others.  Evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) may increase the risk of seizures in patients taking drug known to lower seizure threshold, such as anticonvulsants.
  6. 6. EXAMPLES OF ADVERSE REACTIONS IN HERBAL MEDICINES  Valerian may cause oversedation, and in some people it may even have the unexpected effect of overstimulating instead of sedating.
  7. 7. EVENING PRIMROSE
  8. 8. VALERIAN
  9. 9. EXAMPLES AND PREPARATIONS OF HERBAL MEDICINE
  10. 10. SAMBONG  Scientific name: Blumea Balsamefera  1. Uses: Anti-edema, Diuretic, anti-urolithiasis  Preparation- Chopped laves are boiled in a glass of water for 15 minutes. Drink one part 3x a day  2. Diarrhea  Preparation- Same as above and drink one part every 3 hours
  11. 11. SAMBONG
  12. 12. AKAPULKOAKAPULKO S.N. Cassia, Alata L. 1. Uses: Anti-fungal ( Tinea Flava, ringworm, athlete’s foot and scabies) Preparation- Fresh matured leaves are pounded. Apply soap to the affected area
  13. 13. NIYUG-NIYUGAN  S.N. Quisqualis indica  1. Uses: Anti-helmetic  Preparation- The seeds are taken 2 hours after supper. If no worms are expelled, the dose may be repeated after one week
  14. 14. TSAANG GUBAT  S.N. Carmona retusa  1. Uses: Stomachache  Preparation- Chopped leaves are boiled in 1 glass of water for 15 minutes. Cool, filter and strain
  15. 15. AMPALAYA  S.N. Mamordica charantia  1. Uses: Diabetes Mellitus ( mild non-insulin dependent), lower blood cholesterol  Preparation- chopped leaves get the juice (about 6 tablespoons) boiled it in 2 glasses of water for 15 mins. Take 1/3 cup 3x a day after meal
  16. 16. ULASIMANG BATO  S.N. Peperonia pellucida  1. Use Lowers uric acid level in rheumatism and gout  Preparation- One and half cup of leaves are boiled in 2 glasses of water. Drink 1 part 3x a day
  17. 17. BAWANG  Garlic  1. Use in Hypertension-  Preparation- may be fried, soaked in vinegar for 30 mins or blanched in boiled water for 15 mins.  2. Use in toothache  Preparation- Pound a small leaves and apply to affected areas
  18. 18. GUAVA LEAVES  S.N. Psidium guajava L  1. use for washing the wounds  Preparation- decoction-boil the leaves for 10 mins. Water is use to wash the wounds 2-3x a day  2. for diarrhea- may be taken 3-4 x a day  3. mouthwash and to relieve toothache  Preparation- chopped leaves boiled for 15 mins. Warm decoction is used for gargle. Freshly pounded leaves are use for toothache
  19. 19. YERBA BUENA  S.N. Mentha cordifelia  1. for pain- ( headache and stomache)  Preparation- chopped leaves are boiled in2 glasses for 15 mins. Drink one part every 3 hrs  2. Rheumatism, arthritis and headache  Preparation- Crush leaves and squeeze sap. Massage sap on painful parts w/ eucalyptus
  20. 20.  3. Cough and colds  Preparation- Soak 10 fresh leaves in hot water. Drink as a tea  4. Swollen gums-  Preparation- Steep 6 g. of fresh leaves in a glass of boiling water for 30 mins. Use the solution to rinse mouth  5. Toothache  Preparation get a sap, put it inside a clean cloth then insert it to the cavity

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