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Civilizationsofnorthamerica 1214431418361213-9

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  • 1. CivilizationsOf North America By Manuel Alderete
  • 2. ** Over 9,000 years ago, corn plants were domesticated by ancient people in Mexico. ** This meant crops needed to be planted at certain times in order to be productive. ** This led to the first basic calendars for farming. ** Over 3,000 years ago , surplus food and calendar-keeping led to CIVILIZATION . The Spreading of Civilization in North America
  • 3. Olmec Civilization 1800 B.C. Mexico
  • 4. Cuicuilco Civilization 1400 B.C. Mexico
  • 5. Teotihuacan 200 B.C. – 650 A.D Mexico
  • 6. Teotihuacan existed around the same time as the Roman Empire.
  • 7. Teotihuacan was a metropolis of about 200,000 people.
  • 8. Maya Civilization 1,000 B.C. – 1540 A.D Mexico and Central America
  • 9. Palenque Maya Civilization Mexico
  • 10. Sayil Maya Civilization Yucatan, Mexico
  • 11. Uxmal Maya Civilization Mexico
  • 12. There are literally too many Mayan cities to count!
  • 13. Toltec Civilization 950 A.D. – 11000 A.D Mexico and Central America
  • 14. Tajin Civilization 600 A.D – 900 A.D Mexico
  • 15. Tajin Mexico
  • 16. Zapotec Civilization 500 B.C. – 1540 A.D Oaxaca, Mexico
  • 17. Zapotec Civilization Oaxaca, Mexico
  • 18. Mixteco Civilization Mitla Oaxaca, Mexico
  • 19. Mexica (Aztec) Civilization 1325 A.D – 1521 A.D Mexico City
  • 20. Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) Mexica (Aztec) Civilization 350,000 residents
  • 21. Tazumal Maya Civilization El Salvador
  • 22. Tikal Maya Civilization Guatemala
  • 23. Copan Maya Civilization Honduras
  • 24. Poverty Point Mississippian Civilization Louisiana, USA
  • 25. Cahokia Pyramids Mississippian Civilization Indiana, USA
  • 26. What Cahokia Pyramids looked like 1,000 years ago. East St. Louis, Indiana, USA
  • 27. Mississippian Civilization Eastern United States
  • 28. Moundville State Park Mississippian Civilization Alabama, USA
  • 29. Miamisburg Circular Pyramid Mississippian Civilization Miamisburg, Ohio, USA
  • 30. Ocmulgee Pyramids Mississippian Civilization Ocmulgee, Georgia, USA
  • 31. Ocmulgee Pyramids (scale model in museum) Mississippian Civilization Ocmulgee, Georgia, USA
  • 32. Moundville Pyramids State Park Mississippian Civilization Alabama, USA
  • 33. Emerald Mound Pyramids Mississippian Civilization Mississippi, USA
  • 34. Etowah Pyramids Mississippian Civilization Georgia, USA
  • 35. Etowah Pyramids (scale model) Mississippian Civilization Georgia, USA
  • 36. Yes, Native Americans built pyramids, too. There are HUNDREDS of ruins throughout the United States to prove it !
  • 37. Pueblo Bonito Anasazi Civilization New Mexico, USA
  • 38. Pueblo Bonito Anasazi Civilization New Mexico, USA
  • 39. Aztec Ruins State Park Anasazi Civilization New Mexico, USA
  • 40. Chaco Canyon Ruins Anasazi Civilization New Mexico, USA
  • 41. Wupatki Ruins Anasazi Civilization Arizona, USA
  • 42. Wupatki Ruins ball court Anasazi Civilization Arizona, USA
  • 43. Cliff Palace Ruins Anasazi Civilization Colorado, USA
  • 44. Anasazi Ruins Anasazi Civilization Grand Canyon, AZ , USA
  • 45. Anasazi Tower Anasazi Civilization Utah, USA
  • 46. Aztalan State Park Pyramids Mississipian Civilization Wisconsin, USA
  • 47. Manitou Mounds State Park Mississippian Civilization Manitou, Canada
  • 48. Powerful Astronomers
  • 49. Advanced Calendars
  • 50. Inventors of the wheel.
  • 51. Mathematicians
  • 52. Inventors of a calculator (abacus) called Nepohualtzitzin.
  • 53. Writing and books
  • 54. Almanacs on astronomy
  • 55. Books on medicine, law, philosophy.
  • 56. Libraries full of books.
  • 57. This is my heritage: as a Mexican. as a Salvadoran. as a Guatemalan. as a Honduran. as a Native American.
  • 58. Am I supposed to be ashamed of this genius in my heritage?
  • 59. What, am I supposed to apologize because my ancestors weren’t British, or German, or Greeks?
  • 60. Wait a minute! Your family came here from Europe , And YOU are telling me that my existence here is “illegal”?
  • 61. Oh…hellllll no!
  • 62. Recommended Books Daily Life of the Aztecs By Jacques Soustelle Mexico: From the Olmecs to the Aztecs by Michael D. Coe The Maya by Michael D. Coe 1491: New Revelations on the Americas Before Columbus by Charles Mann
  • 63. If you enjoyed this presentation, pass it along to someone else to share.