Full Lesson PlansTests and QuizzesAldana, Erycha, Lexi, Syeda, and Thomas
Test #1 1. The Thyroid Gland is located: A. In the front of the neck below the larynx B. In the back of the neck above the larynx c. Next to the spinal cord D. None of the above 2. Parathyroid glands are small ______ glands located in the ______ that produce ________ A. Thyroid: Back: Sweat B. Endocrine: Neck: Parathyroid hormones C. Endocrine: Back: Parathyroid hormones D. Thalamus: Larynx: Tears 3. The following picture is a representation of the Thyroid Gland: A. True B. False 4. Hormones T4 and T3 produced by the thyroid gland are involved in growth, development and metabolism. A. True B. False5. Humans usually have how many parathyroid glands?A. 6 B.8C. 12 D. 4
6. What does the parathyroid gland control?A. Amount of Calcium within the blood stream B. Amount of Calcium within the bonesC. Both A and B D. Neither A nor B7. True or false: Adrenal Glands are Endocrine GlandsA. TrueB. False8. Adrenal Glands are located:A. In the kidneys B. Under the skinC. Beneath the nails D. In the ears9. Adrenal Glands are responsible for releasing hormones in response to:A. Stress B. FrightC. Sadness D .Happiness10. The adrenal glands affect kidney function through the secretion of aldosteroneA. TrueB. False11. The hormones produced by the pancreatic islets are what?A. GlucagonB. InsulinC.SomatostatinD. Pancreatic polypeptideE. All of the above12. Gonads in females are:A.OvariesB. Testes
13. Gonads in males are: A.Ovaries B.Testes 13. Estrogen and Progesterone are produced in _______ Test #2 1. How do the nervous and endocrine systems work together? - The endocrine system and nervous system work together by making sure all the cells in the body are working correctly. If either systems sees a problem, then a message will be sent out so the cell can be fixed 2. What is the method in which the endocrine system undergoes its functions? -Hormones 3. Classify by functions- 4. Classify by structure-describe Steroid Hormones -The term steroid describes both hormones produced by the body and artificially produced medications that duplicate the action for the naturally occurring steroids. Test #3 Please answer the questions following the passage: Placenta- It is another important reproductive tissue in the uterus. It produces the hormone (hCG) human Chronic Gonadotropin. It produces a lot of hCG when the female is pregnant and this is how pregnancy tests work. It tells the uterine lining to maintain it self and not fall away. Thymus- it is a gland in the mediastinum beneath the sternum. It is large in children until puberty. The hormones thymosin and thymopoietin have been isolated from the thymus tissue and are considered to be the cause of the endocrine activity. It has a critical role in the immune system because it helps the T- Cells. Gastric and intestinal mucosa – this is in the mucous lining in the gastrointestinal tract (GI), like the pancreas. GI contains the hormones such as gastrin, secretin, cholecystokinin-pancreozymin and others that have important roles in the digestive tract. The hormone ghrelin is secreted by the gastric mucosa. This hormone tells the hypothalamus to boost appetite. It also helps slow metabolism and reduce fat burning.
Heart – The heart has a secondary endocrine role. One wall contains hormone producing cells. Theyproduce atrial natriuretic which is a hormone. They hormone secretes when it has a low blood pressureand loss of sodium. 1. Where is the Thymus located? A. The pancreas B. The Brain C. The Mediastinum D. The Uterus 2. The placenta secretes what hormone? A. Gastrin B. Atrial Natriuretic C. Cholecystokinin-Pancreozymin D. Human Chronic Gonadotropin 3. What secretes a hormone when there is low blood pressure? A. The Heart B. The Placenta C. Human Chronic Gonadotropin D. Gastrin 4. Which hormone helps control appetite? A. Ghrelin B. Atrial Natriuretic C. Cholecystokinin-Pancreozymin D. Thymosin 5. What is isolated from the Thymus? A. Ghrelin B. Thymosin C. Gastrin D. SecretinAnswers 1. C 2. D 3. A 4. A 5. B
Test #4 Hormones Test 1. Non steroid hormones are synthesized primarily from amino acids rather than from A. Cholesterol B. Insulin C. Proteins D. Glycoproteins 2. Some non-steroid hormones are _______ hormones a. Fat b. Proteins c. Tropic d. Anabolic 3. These hormones are_____ a. Twisted chains of amino acids and proteins b. Parallel chains of amino acids and proteins c. Long, folded chains of amino acids, structure typical of protein molecules 4. In a lock and key mechanism, hormones will? a. Separate from receptor molecules b. Bind with receptor molecules c. Reproduce with only receptor molecules 5. Different hormones may work together to enhance each other’s influence on a target cell. This is called? a. Antagonism b. Synergism c. Permissiveness d. Steroid hormone structure 6. A common combined action of hormones is ?
a. Antagonism b. Permissiveness c. Synergism7. _____ occurs when a small amount of one hormone allows a second hormone to have its full effect on a target cell, the hormone “permits” the full action of the second hormone. A. Permissiveness B. Antagonism C. Synergism D. Combination of hormones8. The _______or hypophysis is a small but mighty structure, it measures only 1.2 to 1.5 cm across. a. Thalamus b. Pineal gland c. Pituitary gland d. Optic chiasma9. The pituitary gland may look like one gland but it really is made of two glands, known as adenohypophysis and? a. Lactotrophs b. Neurohypophysis c. Gonadotrophs d. Prolactin10. This organ is a pinecone shaped structure located on the dorsal aspect of the brain’s diencephalon region. a. Thyroid gland b. Parathyroid glands c. Pineal gland d. Adrenal glands11. The Pineal gland is a member of two systems because it acts as a part of the? a. Nervous system b. Respiratory system c. Endocrine system d. Both A and C
12. The pineal gland is known as a ____ it regulates our patterns of hunger , sleeping, and reproductive ( females) , and behavior as well. a. “brain monitor” b. “check list” c. “biological clock” 13. There a unique group of lipid molecules that serve important and widespread intergrative functions in the body but do not meet the usual definition of a hormone. a. Prostaglandins b. Steroids c. Phospholipids d. Triglycerides 14. Prostaglandins are composed of a __-carbon unsaturated fatty acid that contains a __-carbon ring. a. 30 and 20 b. 20 and 7 c. 20 and 5 d. 15 and 8 15. Prostaglandins were associated with _____ tissue. a. Brain b. Muscle c. Prostate d. BodyTest #5For each test, blank out random parts of the chart in order to test thestudents over the material
Hormone Source Target Principal ActionGrowth hormone Hypothalamus Adenohypophysis Stimulates secretion(GRH) of growth hormoneGrowth Hormone- Hypothalamus Adenohypophysis Inhibits secretion ofinhibiting (GIH), growth hormonesomatostatinCorticotropin- Hypothalamus Adenohypophysis Stimulates release ofrelease (CRH) adrenocotropic hormone (ACTH)Thyrotropin- Hypothalamus Adenohypophysis Stimulates release ofreleasing (TRH) thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)Gonadotropin- Hypothalamus Adenohypophysis Stimulates release ofreleasing (GNRH) gonadotropins (FSH and LH)Prolactin-releasing Hypothalamus Adenohypophysis Stimulates secretion(PRH) of prolactinProlactin-inhibiting Hypothalamus Adenohypophysis Inhibits secretion of(PIH) prolactinGrowth Hormone Adenohypophysis General Promotes growth by(GH) somatotropin stimulating protein[STH] anabolism and fat mobilizationProlactin (PRL) Adenohypophysis Mammary glands Promotes milk(lactogenic (alveolar secretory secretionhormone) cells)Adrenocorticotropic Adenohypophysis Thyroid gland Stimulateshormone (ACTH) development and secretion in the thyroid glandFollicle-stimulating Adenohypophysis Adrenal cortex Promoteshormone (FSH) development and secretion in the adrenal cortexLuteinizing Adenohypophysis Gonads Female: triggershormone (LH) ovulation; promotes development of ovarian follicle; simulates estrogen secretion Male: promotes development of testis; stimulates sperm productionAntidiuretic Neurohypophysis Kidney Promotes water
hormone (ADH) retention by kidney tubulesOxytocin (OT) Neurohypophysis Uterus and mammary Stimulates uterine glands contractions; stimulates ejection of milk into mammary ductsTriiodothyromine Thyroid gland General Increases rate of metabolismTetraiodothyronine Thyroid gland General Increases rate of metabolismCalcitonin (CT) Thyroid gland Bone Tissue Increases calcium storage in bone, lowering blood calcium levelsParathyroid Parathyroid glands Bone Tissue and Increases calciumhormone (PTH) Kidney removal from storage in bone and produces the active form of vitamin D in the kidneys, increasing absorption of calcium by intestines and increasing blood Calcium levelsAldosterone Adrenal cortex Kidney Simulates kidney (zonaglomerulosa) tubules to conserve sodium, triggers release of ADHCortisol Adrenal cortex (zona General Influences fasciculate) metabolism of food molecules, in large amounts it has an anti-inflammatory effectAdrenal androgens Adrenal cortex Sex organs, other Exact role uncertain, (zonareticularis) effectors but may support sexual functionAdrenal estrogens Adrenal cortex ( Sex organs Thought to be zonareticularis) physiologically insignificantEpinephrine Adrenal medulla Sympathetic effectors Enhances and prolongs the effects of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous
systemNorepinephrine Adrenal medulla Sympathetic effectors Enhances and prolongs the effects of the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous systemGlucagon Pancreatic islets general Promotes movement of glucose from storage and into the bloodInsulin Pancreatic islets general Promotes movement of glucose out of the blood and into cellsSomatostatin Pancreatic islets Pancreatic cells and Can have general other effectors effects in the body, but primary role seems to be regulation of secretion of other pancreatic hormonesPancreatic Pancreatic islets Intestinal cells and Exact functionpolypeptide other efforts uncertain, but seems to influence absorption on the digestive tract