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HIST-8 lec.7: Federalists & Republicans

HIST-8 lec.7: Federalists & Republicans






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    HIST-8 lec.7: Federalists & Republicans HIST-8 lec.7: Federalists & Republicans Presentation Transcript

    • Timeline: Federalists & Republicans 1794 Whiskey Rebellion 1798 Alien & Sedition Acts 1800 Jefferson’s “Revolution of 1800” 1803 Louisiana Purchase 1804 First Barbary War 1808 International slave trade prohibited 1812-1814 War of 1812
    • The Federalist Era Men who have been intimate friends all their lives cross the street to avoid meeting, and turn their heads another way, lest they should be obliged to touch hats. (Jefferson) We are in a wilderness without a single footstep to guide us. (Madison) Tell them from ME, at MY request, for God’s sake, to cease these conversations and threatenenings about a separation of the Union. It must hang together as long as it can be made to. (Jefferson) If I could not go to heaven but with a party, I would not go there at all. (Jefferson)
    • to preserve and disseminate their principles, undaunted by the frowns of power, uncontaminated by the luxury of aristocracy, until the Rights of Man shall become the supreme law in every land (Dem-Repub. Press) “His Rotundity” Some published attacks on Adams: • repulsive pedant • old, guerelous {sic}, bald, blind, and crippled • gross hypocrite • in his private life, one of the most egregious fools upon the continent • that strange compound of ignorance and ferocity, of deceit and weakness • a hideous hermaphroditical character which has neither the force and firmness of a man, nor the gentleness and sensibility of a woman • the reign of Mr. Adams has hitherto been one continued tempest of malignant passions • a wretch that has neither the science of a magistrate, the politeness of a courtier, nor the courage of a man Payback: Jefferson & Sally Hemings
    • The Infant Liberty Nursed by Mother Mob
    • • The French Revolution – – – – – American inspiration and involvement moderate phase: 1789-1791 radical phase: 1792-1794 conservative reaction: 1795-1799 military dictatorship: 1799 -1815
    • The class of citizens who provide at once their own food and their own raiment, may be viewed as the most truly independent and happy. (Madison) Those who labour in the earth are the chosen people of God … whose breasts he has made his particular deposit for substantial and genuine virtue. (Jefferson)
    • a man of property and good character … in proportion as he encreases in wealth, he values the protection of laws: hence he punctually pays his taxes towards the support of the government (Rush) The first settler in the woods is generally a man who has outlived his credit or fortune in the cultivated parts of the State. … He loves spiritous liquors, and he eats, drinks and sleeps in dirt and rags in his little cabin. … Above all, he revolts against the operation of laws. … He cannot bear to surrender up a single natural right for all the benefits of government (Rush)
    • Summary Federalists • for: – federal power – British ties – industrial, mercantile growth • against: – state power – democratization Democratic-Republicans • for: – – – – state power French ties agrarian growth democratization • against: – federal power
    • I am anxious, always, to compare the opinions of those in whom I confide with one another, and these again (without being bound by them) with my own, that I may extract all the good I can. Peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations; entangling alliances with none.
    • Hamilton: paid what the commodity was worth in the market, and took the risks Madison: “[speculators] are still exploring the interior and distant parts of the Union in order to take advantage of the holders” Rush: “Never have I heard more rage expressed against the Oppressors of our Country during the late War, than I daily hear against the men who … are to reap all the benefits of the revolution, at the expense of the greatest part of the Virtue and property that purchased it.
    • …Sir, how pitiable is it to reflect, that although you were so fully convinced of the benevolence of the Father of Mankind, and of his equal and impartial distribution of these rights and privileges, which he hath conferred upon them, that you should at the same time counteract his mercies, in detaining by fraud and violence so numerous a part of my brethren, under groaning captivity and cruel oppression, that you should at the same time be found guilty of that most criminal act, which you professedly detested in others, with respect to yourselves. … And now, Sir, I shall conclude, and subscribe myself, with the most profound respect, Your most obedient humble servant, BENJAMIN BANNEKER
    • It is sincerely to be desired that all need of coercion in future may cease and that an intimate intercourse may succeed, calculated to advance the happiness of the Indians and to attach them firmly to the United States. …and that such rational experiments should be made for imparting to them the blessings of civilization as may from time to time suit their condition.
    • Abigail: I ruminate upon France as I lie awake many hours before light. My present thought is that their virtuous army will give them a government in spite of all their conventions but of what nature it will be, it is hard to say. John: Send more … there is more good thoughts, fine strokes, and mother wit in them than I hear [in the Senate] in a whole week. John: I want to sit and converse with you about our debates [in the Senate] every evening. I sit here alone and brood over political probabilities and conjectures. Abigail: What a jumble are my letters – politics, domestic concerns, farming anecdotes – pray light your cigars with them.
    • We should surrender ourselves from that union we so much value, rather than give up the rights of self-government which we have reserved. great and intrinsic defects of character, which unfit him for the office of Chief Magistrate (Hamilton’s open letter on Adams)
    • I have nothing more to offer than what General Washington would have had to offer, had he been taken by the British and put to trial. I have adventured my life in endeavouring to obtain the liberty of my countrymen, and am a willing sacrifice in their cause. (convicted rebel) a wise and frugal government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another, which shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuit of industry and improvement, and shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned. (Jefferson, first inaugural)
    • a wise and frugal government, which shall restrain men from injuring one another, which shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuit of industry and improvement, and shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned. (Jefferson, first inaugural) [or else] we shall be committed to the English career of debt, corruption and rotteness, closing with revolution. The discharge of the debt, therefore, is vital to the destinies of our government. (Jefferson) [his election] buried levees, birthdays, royal parades, and the arrogation of precedence in society by certain self-stiled friends of order, but truly stiled friends of privileged orders. … social circles are all equal, whether in, or out, of office, foreign or domestic; … No precedence, therefore, of any one over another, exists either in right or practice, at dinners, assemblies, or any other occasions… (Jefferson, in Aurora)
    • 1783
    • [adding] to the Union a territory equal to the whole United States, which additional territory might overbalance the existing territory, and whereby the rights of the present citizens of the United States be swallowed up and lost. (NY Federalist) They must remain in the condition of colonies, and be governed accordingly (Griswold)
    • an equilibrium of agriculture, manufactures and commerce, is certainly become essential to our independence (Jefferson, 1809) the sinews and muscles of our country. … men who formed … the very axis of society (Irving) they are the most vigorous, the most independent, the most virtuous, and they are tied to their country and wedded to its liberty and interests by the most lasting bands. (Jefferson)
    • “Patriotism”: Piristratides, going with some other as ambassador to the King of Persia’s lieutenants, was asked whether he came with a public commission or on their own court? He answered, ‘If successful, for the public; if unsuccessful, for ourselves.’ Such, I think, may be my commission to the Barbary Coast. (Eaton’s diary) It is thus the present administration evinces its patriotism, and its energy; not by vain vaunting of prowess; but by actions, which will show the world that while the wish of the American nation is peace, she will not hesitate for a moment to make that power feel the vengeance of her arms, that dares, in violation of justice, to invade her rights. (Jefferson)
    • Burning the USS Philadelphia
    • Decatur with USS Constitution bombards Tripoli (1804)
    • The public indignation is universally excited by the repeated destruction of our unoffending seamen. (Madison)