PETROLEUM ENGINEERING INGLES IV ALBA MENESES KATERINE BERNATTE UNIVERSIDAD SURCOLOMBIANA
HOW DO YOU BELIEVE THAT OIL IS STORED IN THE BASEMENT? A: AS LAGUNA B:IN POROUS AND PERMEABLE ROCKS
IN POROUS AND PERMEABLE ROCKS
PETROLEUM ENGINEERING Petroleumengineeringistheengineeringthat combines scientific and practicalmethodsforthedevelopment and application of techniquestodiscover, exploit, develop, transport, process and processoilfromits natural state in thereservoiruntil final productsorderivatives.
WHAT IS OIL? Petroleumis a heterogeneous mixture of organiccompounds, primarilyhydrocarbons insoluble in water. Itisalsoknown as crudeoilorjustoil.Fossilisthefruit of thetransformation of organicmatteronzooplankton and algaedeposited in largeamounts in fundsanoxic seas orlakeareas of the geological past, werelaterburiedunder heavy layers of sediment.
EXPLORATION The scan task includes all oil and gas exploration activities. Mainly takes place through the application of geophysical methods and surface mapping and underground by geologists in order to infer the configuration of the subsurface layers and their composition, which may provide clues to the existence of enabling environments for the accumulation of petroleum or natural gas.
DRILLING Applied drilling engineering concepts to perform physical holes or wells from the surface to the reservoir, in order to extract fluids. You should plan routines hole drilling and completion or adapting it to produce.
The 5 most important systemsin a team are: 1. PowerSystem2. RotationSystem3. Cargo LiftSystem4. Fluid CirculatingSystem5. BlowoutsPreventionSystem
PRODUCTION Production engineering is responsible for the implementation of technical and scientific knowledge to the transport of resources from the reservoir to ports or refineries. Determine which production method to be used and exploited and optimized design and surface facilities for primary treatment of converts in first world needs the oil, such as phase separators, storage tanks, water purification systems, flow lines and systems of pump and compressor oil or natural gas, in order to carry oil or gas to specific conditions which may be sold or distributed.
REFINING AND PETROCHEMICAL They are responsible for the final stage in the exploitation of hydrocarbons, which is converting them into commercial products commonly used, covering fuel, medicine, clothing, cosmetics, among others