Events Leading To The American Revolutionary War

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  • 1. Events Leading to the American Revolutionary War Chapter 7
  • 2.
    • French- Indian War
      • Began July 3, 1754
      • Between England and France for control over land in North America
      • Lasted 7 years
      • Cost England a lot of money
  • 3.
    • Proclamation of 1763
      • King George III of England
      • No colonists may settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
      • Indian Territory
      • If colonists already lived there, they must move!
  • 4.  
  • 5.
    • Sugar Act (Molasses Act)
      • King George needed to pay for wars with French and Native Americans
      • Make colonists pay!
      • 1764 taxed sugar and wine
      • Colonists angry!
          • Boycott
          • Colonists made their own
  • 6.
    • Stamp Act
      • 1765 tax on anything written on paper
      • a special stamp had to be placed on these papers to show they had been purchased
      • Colonists boycotted British Goods
      • King George repealed this tax 1766
  • 7. Stamps
  • 8. V. Townshend Acts a. 1767 tax on glass, paint, paper and tea b. Colonists reacted: 1. boycott English goods 2. Group protests 3. Secret meetings- taxation without representation- colonists had no choice in taxes!
  • 9.
    • Boston Massacre
        • 1770
        • Started with colonists calling British soldiers names
        • British soldiers fired on crowd
        • 5 dead
        • Crispus Attucks- 1 st African American to die for liberty
  • 10.  
  • 11.
    • Tea Act
      • 1773- tax on tea
      • Colonists reacted:
          • Boycott English tea
          • Boston Tea Party- Led by Samuel Adams- a group of men dressed as Native Americans boarded an English ship and dumped 342 boxes of tea into Boston Harbor!
  • 12.
    • Intolerable Acts (Quartering Acts)
      • 1774- Punishment for the Boston Tea Party
      • Any British soldier that came to your door could move into your home
      • Boston Harbor was closed until damage was paid for
      • All town meetings were now controlled by British
  • 13.  
  • 14.
    • Colonist Reaction to Taxation
        • First Continental Congress
          • 1. 1774 one colonist from each of 12 colonies met in Philadelphia
          • 2. Wrote to King George to end Taxation Without Representation
        • 3. Boycotted all English goods
  • 15.  
  • 16. b. Minutemen 1. Massachusetts colony 2. Ready to fight a minute’s notice 3. Volunteer farmers, fishermen, tradesmen a. Paul Revere 4. Located in Concord, Massachusetts
  • 17.  
  • 18. c. Sons of Liberty- patriots 1. Formed to stop collection of taxes 2. Many were printers a. Boston Gazette 1. Benjamin Edes and John Gill 3. Paul Revere, Samuel Adams, John Adams, John Hancock
  • 19.
    • Battles of Lexington and Concord
        • British marched to Lexington to capture Sam Adams and John Hancock (Sons of Liberty leaders)
        • British marched to Concord to capture minutemen weapons
        • Paul Revere road the countryside warning minutemen of the British secret mission
        • Lexington- “ Shot Heard Round the World ”
  • 20.  
  • 21.
    • Colonists reaction to Lexington and Concord
        • Second Continental Congress- met in Philadelphia again to create a more organized colonial government
            • George Washington, Ben Franklin, John Hancock, Sam Adams, Thomas Jefferson
            • Continental Army- George Washington- commander
  • 22.