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Chapter 3 Explorers
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Chapter 3 Explorers

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  • 1. Explorers Chapter 3 Newcomers Arrive
  • 2. I. Who were the Vikings?
    • Farmers and the earliest explorers that sailed from Greenland
    • Eric the Red – (Greenland)
    C. Leif Eriksson – In 1002 explored Canada and called it Vinland (Iceland)
  • 3.  
  • 4. II. Who was Marco Polo? A. He traveled in B. He traveled from Europe to Asia
    • His travels established land trade routes to Asia
    • Wrote The Adventures of Marco Polo
    1261
  • 5. III. Why did Europeans want to find a water route to Asia? B. Land travel became too dangerous to travel C. European Kings were willing to pay sailors to find a water route to Asia A. Europeans wanted the spices, jewels, and porcelain that was found in Asia not Europe
  • 6. IV. Who was Christopher Columbus? A. Born in Italy B. As a young man , got a job as a sailor in Portugal C. In 1492, asked Spanish King Ferdinand for 3 ships to find route to Asia D. Claimed Bahamas for Spain with the Nina, Santa Marie, and Pinta ships E. Named people “Indians”
  • 7.  
  • 8.
    • John Cabot
      • Sailed for England
      • Discovered Newfoundland in 1497
      • Claimed all of North America for England
  • 9. VI. Who was Giovanni da Verranzzano? A. Sailed for France B. Explored the New York Bay in 1524
    • Gave 1 st written account of the Algonquians,(“…pleasant disposition and beautiful bronze skin”)
    • Verranzzano Bridge – Staten Island to Long Island
  • 10.  
  • 11. VII. Who was Jacques Cartier? A. Sailed for France 1534
    • Discovered
          • St. Lawrence River
          • Quebec
          • Montreal
    C. Traded with Native Americans
  • 12.  
  • 13. VIII. Who was Samuel D. Champlain? A. Sailed for France 1608
    • Discovered:
        • Lake Champlain area
        • Trading post in Northern New York with Native Americans
        • New France – Quebec (1 st settlement)
          • friendly with Algonquians
  • 14.  
  • 15. IX. Who was Henry Hudson? A . Sailed for Netherlands (Dutch) B. Hired by Dutch East Trading Company
    • Discovered:
      • Hudson River
      • 2. Southern New York Area – New Netherlands- 1 st Dutch settlement
      • 3. Albany – Fort Orange
      • New York City – New Amsterdam
      • Trading Post- Used to trade furs for beads & tools with Algonquians
  • 16.  

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