Explorers Chapter 3 Newcomers Arrive
I.  Who were the Vikings? <ul><li>Farmers and the earliest explorers that sailed from Greenland </li></ul><ul><li>Eric the...
 
II.  Who was Marco Polo? A.  He traveled in B.  He traveled from Europe to Asia <ul><li>His travels established land trade...
III.  Why did Europeans want to find a water route to Asia? B.  Land travel became too dangerous to travel C. European Kin...
IV.  Who was Christopher Columbus? A.  Born in Italy B.  As a young man , got a job as a sailor in Portugal  C.  In 1492, ...
 
<ul><li>John Cabot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sailed for England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discovered Newfoundland in 1497 </l...
VI.  Who was Giovanni da Verranzzano? A.  Sailed for   France B.  Explored the New York Bay in 1524 <ul><li>Gave 1 st  wri...
 
VII.  Who was Jacques Cartier? A.  Sailed for France 1534 <ul><li>Discovered  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>St. Lawrence R...
 
VIII.  Who was Samuel D. Champlain? A.  Sailed for France 1608 <ul><li>Discovered: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lake Champlai...
 
IX.  Who was Henry Hudson? A .  Sailed for Netherlands (Dutch) B.  Hired by Dutch East Trading Company <ul><li>Discovered:...
 
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Chapter 3 Explorers

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Chapter 3 Explorers

  1. 1. Explorers Chapter 3 Newcomers Arrive
  2. 2. I. Who were the Vikings? <ul><li>Farmers and the earliest explorers that sailed from Greenland </li></ul><ul><li>Eric the Red – (Greenland) </li></ul>C. Leif Eriksson – In 1002 explored Canada and called it Vinland (Iceland)
  3. 4. II. Who was Marco Polo? A. He traveled in B. He traveled from Europe to Asia <ul><li>His travels established land trade routes to Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote The Adventures of Marco Polo </li></ul>1261
  4. 5. III. Why did Europeans want to find a water route to Asia? B. Land travel became too dangerous to travel C. European Kings were willing to pay sailors to find a water route to Asia A. Europeans wanted the spices, jewels, and porcelain that was found in Asia not Europe
  5. 6. IV. Who was Christopher Columbus? A. Born in Italy B. As a young man , got a job as a sailor in Portugal C. In 1492, asked Spanish King Ferdinand for 3 ships to find route to Asia D. Claimed Bahamas for Spain with the Nina, Santa Marie, and Pinta ships E. Named people “Indians”
  6. 8. <ul><li>John Cabot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sailed for England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discovered Newfoundland in 1497 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Claimed all of North America for England </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. VI. Who was Giovanni da Verranzzano? A. Sailed for France B. Explored the New York Bay in 1524 <ul><li>Gave 1 st written account of the Algonquians,(“…pleasant disposition and beautiful bronze skin”) </li></ul><ul><li>Verranzzano Bridge – Staten Island to Long Island </li></ul>
  8. 11. VII. Who was Jacques Cartier? A. Sailed for France 1534 <ul><li>Discovered </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>St. Lawrence River </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quebec </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Montreal </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>C. Traded with Native Americans
  9. 13. VIII. Who was Samuel D. Champlain? A. Sailed for France 1608 <ul><li>Discovered: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lake Champlain area </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trading post in Northern New York with Native Americans </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New France – Quebec (1 st settlement) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>friendly with Algonquians </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 15. IX. Who was Henry Hudson? A . Sailed for Netherlands (Dutch) B. Hired by Dutch East Trading Company <ul><li>Discovered: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hudson River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Southern New York Area – New Netherlands- 1 st Dutch settlement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. Albany – Fort Orange </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New York City – New Amsterdam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trading Post- Used to trade furs for beads & tools with Algonquians </li></ul></ul>
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