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Early People Chapter 2:  New York Native Americans
<ul><li>Who were the first people in the America’s and how did they get here? </li></ul>A.  Native Americans (nomads)  <ul...
 
II.  Who were the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee)? People of the Longhouse <ul><li>Iroquois Way of Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loc...
 
<ul><li>Trading- extremely important between villages </li></ul><ul><li>Wampum- was used to make agreements </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Family Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each person belonged to many tribes but only 1 clan (close family) </li></ul></u...
C. League of Five Nations 2. Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida and Mohawk join together to form 1 government (confederacy) ...
<ul><li>Who were the Algonquians? </li></ul><ul><li>Thought to be 1 st  to migrate to New York </li></ul><ul><li>A.  Algon...
B.  Family Life <ul><li>Tribes – Delaware, Wappinger, Montauk, Mahican </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in clans named from nature ...
 
IV.  What similarities did the Iroquois and Algonquian have? <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Villages on hills near str...
<ul><li>Division of labor </li></ul><ul><li>Men- make weapons, hunt, fish, clear fields for crops, built homes </li></ul><...
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Chapter 2 Native Americans

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Transcript of "Chapter 2 Native Americans"

  1. 1. Early People Chapter 2: New York Native Americans
  2. 2. <ul><li>Who were the first people in the America’s and how did they get here? </li></ul>A. Native Americans (nomads) <ul><li>They migrated from Asia for hunting purposes (follow animals) </li></ul><ul><li>Started agriculture (farming) </li></ul><ul><li>Spoke Iroquoian or Algonquian languages </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in many tribes </li></ul>
  3. 4. II. Who were the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee)? People of the Longhouse <ul><li>Iroquois Way of Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Located in Northern and Western New York. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived in Longhouses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1-20 families </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No windows </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 families per section </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Palisades surrounded the village </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Trading- extremely important between villages </li></ul><ul><li>Wampum- was used to make agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Three Sisters – Corn, squash, beans </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>Family Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each person belonged to many tribes but only 1 clan (close family) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clans- turtle, bear, wolf, eel, hawk, heron, deer, beaver, eagle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your clan was determined by your mother </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women- owned crops and longhouses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chose the chief (sachem) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most respected was Clan Mother </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. C. League of Five Nations 2. Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida and Mohawk join together to form 1 government (confederacy) working for peace. <ul><li>Grand Council - leaders from each tribe was voted to meet to make laws, decide wars, etc… for the nation </li></ul><ul><li>Tuscaroras joined in 1700’s </li></ul>1. Hiawatha & Iroquois legend
  7. 9. <ul><li>Who were the Algonquians? </li></ul><ul><li>Thought to be 1 st to migrate to New York </li></ul><ul><li>A. Algonquian way of life </li></ul><ul><li>1. Located in southeastern N.Y. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Lived in longhouses & wigwams </li></ul><ul><li>3. Known for making excellent canoes </li></ul>
  8. 10. B. Family Life <ul><li>Tribes – Delaware, Wappinger, Montauk, Mahican </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in clans named from nature </li></ul><ul><li>Clan determined by mother’s side </li></ul><ul><li>No unity – each tribe controlled by its leader </li></ul>
  9. 12. IV. What similarities did the Iroquois and Algonquian have? <ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>Villages on hills near streams and rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Today –Reservations (Akwesasne Reservation) </li></ul><ul><li>Clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Deerskin, fur, feathers, porcupine quills </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources & Heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Take from nature only what is needed </li></ul><ul><li>Share everything with tribe members </li></ul><ul><li>Lacrosse </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Division of labor </li></ul><ul><li>Men- make weapons, hunt, fish, clear fields for crops, built homes </li></ul><ul><li>Women- raise children, crops, cook, take shelters apart </li></ul><ul><li>Children – learn by watching and listening to traditions </li></ul>
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