New Frontiers in Astronomy   Dr Alberto Conti
                              Space Telescope Science Institute

Saturday, M...
Visible – Hubble Space Telescope
  •
      Gamma rays - Compton Gamma Ray Obs.
  •
      X-rays - Chandra X-ray Observator...
Community
                          Missions Office
                    Optimize the science from community-led
          ...
Astronomy Project Timeline
                                 A Partial List of Key Astrophysics Facilities
                ...
Astronomy Project Timeline
                                         STScI Project and Mission Activity
                   ...
MAST
                                 Kepler



                                  Microsoft
                              ...
Saturday, March 7, 2009
Saturday, March 7, 2009
Saturday, March 7, 2009
Computer
                                   Biology    Economics
                      Science




                      M...
New Science Paradigm   for Astronomy


Saturday, March 7, 2009
Astronomy is changing

          Old days: photographic plates

          1960: astronomical goes digital
                ...
Space is big!
                          For one picture you need a
                           2 Trillion pixels camera!


...
Monochrome : 4 Terabytes
                                        or
                          5% of the Library of Congres...
Color: 100 Terabytes
                                        or
                          the 21% more than the entire
   ...
Time: 10 Petabytes
                                   or
                          120 times the entire
                  ...
New analysis & visualization tools are required




                          Challenges   for the Future


Saturday, Marc...
Adapt or Perish

            Google Earth, Microsoft
            Virtual Earth have
            revolutionized the way
   ...
Old Public Data Access

               •Many observatories
               •Individual interfaces
                         ...
New Science Paradigm:
                             First Iteration



                                }
                 •...
New Science Paradigm:
                                Second Iteration
                          Data Standards, Protocols...
New Science Paradigm Problems


                     •    Technology is trumping science

                     •    Many d...
Challenges
            •       Reduce obstacles to Capturing, Organizing, Summarizing,
                    Analyzing,Visua...
New Science Paradigm:
                                       Science 2.0


                                               ...
User
                                                             Database




     Intʼl Data Centers




               ...
• We must partner with other academic
                          disciplines: Computer Science, Statistics, ...

          ...
Dr Alberto Conti
               aconti@stsci.edu




                                                     With thanks to
 ...
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New Frontiers in Astronomy

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Presentation given at the Library of Congress on Dec 8 2008

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  • Here are the 3 primary goals the institute’s CMO strives to achieve.
  • You clearly know the landscape of astronomy missions and facilities on the ground and in space is quite diverse and holds promise for many exciting discoveries. Our aim is to offer to the community the use our scientific and technical experiences to help minimiize duplication of effort, help avoid known operational pitfalls. But we, as members of this same community, are also keenly interested in identifying and collaborating in future missions that will carry astrophysics forward in a number of areas.
  • These are the subset of those missions that we are or will be playing a role in. Obviously some, like HST and JWST, we play a key role. Others we play an important supporting role by carrying out a specific operations task that is integrated with an external science operations center or team.












































  • Transcript of "New Frontiers in Astronomy"

    1. 1. New Frontiers in Astronomy Dr Alberto Conti Space Telescope Science Institute Saturday, March 7, 2009
    2. 2. Visible – Hubble Space Telescope • Gamma rays - Compton Gamma Ray Obs. • X-rays - Chandra X-ray Observatory • April 2006 Infrared - Spitzer Space Telescope • Saturday, March 7, 2009
    3. 3. Community Missions Office Optimize the science from community-led astrophysics missions and projects. Develop, nurture, and share innovations in space astronomy science operations. Collaborate on the next generation of space astrophysics programs. Saturday, March 7, 2009
    4. 4. Astronomy Project Timeline A Partial List of Key Astrophysics Facilities Ares V Flights Beyond Einstein INTEGRAL WISE JWST SWIFT SIM? TPF? WMAP Herschel - Planck Kepler GLAST GALEX FUSE XMM Chandra Spitzer HST SOFIA SDSS VLT & Gemini Observatories PANSTARRS LSST TMT ALMA NVO Development NVO Operations 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 Start date and Probable Duration Saturday, March 7, 2009
    5. 5. Astronomy Project Timeline STScI Project and Mission Activity Ares V Flights Beyond Einstein INTEGRAL WISE JWST SWIFT SIM? TPF? WMAP Herschel - Planck Kepler GLAST GALEX FUSE XMM Chandra Spitzer HST SOFIA SDSS VLT & Gemini Observatories PANSTARRS LSST TMT ALMA NVO Development NVO Operations 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 Start date and Probable Duration Saturday, March 7, 2009
    6. 6. MAST Kepler Microsoft WWT Community Missions Saturday, March 7, 2009
    7. 7. Saturday, March 7, 2009
    8. 8. Saturday, March 7, 2009
    9. 9. Saturday, March 7, 2009
    10. 10. Computer Biology Economics Science Medicine Government Astronomy Massive amounts of information Saturday, March 7, 2009
    11. 11. New Science Paradigm for Astronomy Saturday, March 7, 2009
    12. 12. Astronomy is changing Old days: photographic plates 1960: astronomical goes digital ? Instruments collect 100 GB/ night Detectors follow Moore’s Law Total data doubles every 2 years Growth over 25 years is a factor of 30 in glass, 3000 in pixels Saturday, March 7, 2009
    13. 13. Space is big! For one picture you need a 2 Trillion pixels camera! Challenges for the Future Saturday, March 7, 2009
    14. 14. Monochrome : 4 Terabytes or 5% of the Library of Congress Challenges for the Future Saturday, March 7, 2009
    15. 15. Color: 100 Terabytes or the 21% more than the entire Library of Congress Challenges for the Future Saturday, March 7, 2009
    16. 16. Time: 10 Petabytes or 120 times the entire Library of Congress Challenges for the Future Saturday, March 7, 2009
    17. 17. New analysis & visualization tools are required Challenges for the Future Saturday, March 7, 2009
    18. 18. Adapt or Perish Google Earth, Microsoft Virtual Earth have revolutionized the way we look at our planet. We proposed a new synergistic approach to the challenge of bringing the universe to our desktops Saturday, March 7, 2009
    19. 19. Old Public Data Access •Many observatories •Individual interfaces Mission A Mission B Observatory X Mission C Observatory Y Saturday, March 7, 2009
    20. 20. New Science Paradigm: First Iteration } •Data Standards •Protocols Mission A Mission B Observatory X Mission C Observatory Y Saturday, March 7, 2009
    21. 21. New Science Paradigm: Second Iteration Data Standards, Protocols, Mining Tools Mission A Mission B Metadata Observatory X Mission C Observatory Y Saturday, March 7, 2009
    22. 22. New Science Paradigm Problems • Technology is trumping science • Many distributed services are unreliable • Little idea of what users are doing and why • Complex, difficult to use • Moving data around is hard • Hard for user to publish their own data Saturday, March 7, 2009
    23. 23. Challenges • Reduce obstacles to Capturing, Organizing, Summarizing, Analyzing,Visualizing, and Curating • Consider data and algorithms as “the product” • Adopt semantic technologies to enable automated metadata tagging, clustering and mining • Transition to the new astronomy • Sociological issues 19 Saturday, March 7, 2009
    24. 24. New Science Paradigm: Science 2.0 Individual Users Intʼl Data Centers Kitchen Sink NASA Data Centers Saturday, March 7, 2009
    25. 25. User Database Intʼl Data Centers Kitchen Sink Browsers NASA Data Centers Saturday, March 7, 2009
    26. 26. • We must partner with other academic disciplines: Computer Science, Statistics, ... • We must leverage partnerships with industry interested in enabling Science 2.0 • We must learn to be humble and ask for help • We must remember that we have the greatest datasets in the world (universe really!) Saturday, March 7, 2009
    27. 27. Dr Alberto Conti aconti@stsci.edu With thanks to Brian McLean Dr Carol Christian Josh Perlow Collaborator carolc@stsci.edu Tony Rogers Bernie Shiao Shui-ay Tseng Saturday, March 7, 2009
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