Empowering guidance of the studentsexperiences and new tools from the MunReitti- project
The first question was: What does Counseling meaning?– Counselling is not only technical performance.– Counselling is something what is your idea of your self-image, what is your theory of personal change and how do you see the people in your life. Luentomateriaalia; Riina Karvonen
What should we counsel? Whom shall we counsel? When should we counsel? Why should we counsel? How should we counsel? Do we dare to guide students in the right areas or do we see only the tip of the iceberg?Luentomateriaalia; Riina Karvonen
What if something difficult or surprising comes up? If there is something too difficult in students life and we don´t know how to react?Luentomateriaalia; Riina Karvonen
In Counseling we often work with foggy mirror Our main tools are • Presence • Dialog • Reflection We need a lot of courage in our work when we make things visible What kind of values we consider important?Luentomateriaalia; Riina Karvonen
Styles and roles– Teacher/tutor faces a big challenge choosing its own counseling style.– Sometimes it is good to ask person’s understanding and are we too flexible.– Where goes the line between understanding and teaching how to take responsibility of own actions? Is everything always needed to be done in the youngster’s needs?– What means participation, dialogue, empowerment?Luentomateriaalia; Riina Karvonen
The Meaning of empowermentFirst description: 1648to invest with authority, authorizeNow: giving power to someone else, to increase his/her capacities to take it’s own responsabilities, to take his/her own deciscions
But, what is empowerment– Increasing autonomy of persons with disabilities– Is it measurable?– How do you measure empowerment– Can you influence the empowerment of a person?
coaching program for studentsparticipation and working skills MunReittiToiminta- ja työkykyvalmennuksen kehittäminen ammatillisessa erityisopetuksessa 1.3.2009-30.6.2012
Luovi Vocational CollegeFinnish Institute of Occupational HealthWinNova West Coast Education Ltd
Training program includes– VrijBaan method • self-assessment of empowerment • training program– Training of everyday life skills and well-being– Career counseling techniques and job coaching
six components of empowerment Competence Group Self- orientation determination Positive meaning identity Impact
1. Competence; i.e. trust in someone’s own abilities2. Self determination, i.e. the ability of making one’s own choices3. Meaning, i.e. experiencing the meaning in own values4. Impact, i.e. the feeling that someone’s decisions have an impact on or affect someone’s life5. Identity, i.e. a positive attitude towards the self, coping with disability and giving space to other life elements6. Group orientation, i.e. realizing that one is part of a group and society, and that there is mutual dependency as well as a need for support.
1. Competence Faith in own talents and opportunities– I know what I can do– I will be successful!– I trust that I have the needed talents– I am not sure of succession– Tell me what can I do?– I am afraid that I can’t do this!
Competence Personal competence means that one feels confident about one’s skills to direct the reintegration path. That is, one must feel capable of taking adequate decisions during occupational integration. One must be able to formulate goals for this path and to make specific efforts to achieve them.
2. Self-determination The right to do choices and decisions about own life – I decide it by myself!! – I make my own choices! – I share my opinions with others. – Tell me what should I do! – Where to begin? – What would you do if you were me?
Self-determination Self-determination refers to the ability to take decisions and to make choices about one’s life independently. Self-determination therefore involves the feeling that one has control over one’s situation.
3. Impact Own decisions that affect on your life and your well-being– I want to work before deciding about further education.– OK, I’ll take the risk, it is about my own life!– I don’t care, social workers can decide.– Nobody listens to me!– If nobody decides what should I do for living I am not going to do anything.
Impact The implication for people with occupational disabilities is that they must feel that the decisions they make really have an effect on their reintegration path. Impact is the opposite of “learned helplessness”
4. MeaningThe feeling that your decisions and choices correspond with yourown values – That is what I have always wanted to do – I want a job that suits for me. – I want to do things that I find valuable. – I don’t know if anything interests me. – What ever!! – It does not matter what I do!
Meaning The implication for people with occupational disabilities is that not only do they need to make decisions as part of their occupational reintegration, the alternatives they choose must be meaningful as well. That is to say, their decisions must be in agreement with the values, beliefs and behaviours that are typical of the individual suffering from a disabling condition.
5. Myönteinen minäkuva Itsensä hyväksyminen sellaisena kuin on– Minulla on oikeus tukeen– silloin kun tarvitsen sitä;– siksi pyydän apua tarvittaessa.– Olen ainutlaatuinen!– En käytä vammaani tekosyynä– En pyydä apua, koska en halua– olla riippuvainen kenestäkään– On vaikeaa hyväksyä vamman tuomat rajoitteet
A feeling of positive identity If a positive feeling of identity exists the individual has accepted his/her occupational disability in a realistic manner and does not feel as if life is dominated by that disability. Neither is the disability used as an excuse
6. Group orientation Working as a part of the group and being part of the society.– I also respect others opinions.– I take given support and help.– I have my own special place in this group!– I’m tired of being depend of others.– I don’t need anyone!– I play with my own rules.
Group orientation The individual works together with others and participates in the community. In addition, help is offered to others when needed. The implication of this component for people with occupational disabilities is that they must see on whom they depend for their work integration and how they can cooperate with those people.
Empowering Empowering Voimaantuminen Motivation Awakaning Action Becoming visible Reflection • Participating • Discussion of ideas • Regonation of Counseling and believes competence • Finding own values • Positive feedback Human value and meaning of life • Dialogical co- • Working together operation • Power of precense Luentomateriaalia; Riina Karvonen
Discussion– Is the concept clear?– Do you recognize the need for empowerment?
VrijBaan Questionnaire– The VrijBaan Empowerment Questionnaire is a tool to assess someone’s individual empowerment profile. Through this questionnaire clients discover their own way of looking at strong and weak empowerment components.– The questionnaire includes 60 statements which in one way or another deal with one or more components of empowerment.
Competence 6 When confronted with a problem I usually have several solutions 8 I am confident that I would tackle unexpected events effectively 9 I don’t have much confidence in my own abilities16 I don’t understand myself very well25 When I find myself in awkward situations I usually know what to do26 I can manage whatever happens37 I never know if I have done things well40 I usually achieve my goals through my own efforts42 I feel I have personal control over my life43 I have difficulties coping with the problems in my life44 I trust in my abilities to solve any problems57 Thanks to my resourcefulness I know how to manage in unanticipated situations60 My self-confidence is poor due to my handicap(s)
korkea Keskitaso Alhainen Itsearvioinnin tulos Vertaava tulos 5,00 Competence 4,50 4,00 3,50 3,00 2,50Group orientation Self- determination 2,00 1,50 1,00 0,50 0,00 Positive identity Meaning Impact
MunReitti- coaching method reviewed the results together with the student -Individual and group decide on methods and exercises exercises Self-assessment of empowerment -student involvement -Welfare Studies -empowering and -job coaching motivational interviewing -reflection
– Training Based on the empowerment profile– MunReitti collected some 60 dedicated exercises and training modules. Each module addresses one or more specific empowerment components.– project was also involved in reforming the curriculum. Luovi ´s curriculum can be found welfare courses, such as stress management, daily life skills, interpersonal skills– recommend welfare courses for students
Interview exercise– In groups of three persons: • One interviews, the second is the client and the third observes. • 15 minutes, and the roles change • The client chooses one component of empowerment which she/he wants to talk about. • Interviewer uses open-ended questions and in that way makes possible the client to explore ideas and aims in her/his empowerment. • Haastattelija / ohjaaja esittää avaavia ja tavoitetta täsmentäviä kysymyksiä • The observer gives feedback after interview.Luentomateriaalia; Riina Karvonen