SAQUE - Service DERECHAS - Forehand REVES - Backhand PAR - Even IMPAR - Odd RECEPTOR - Receiver PUNTOS - Points PISTA - Court INDIVIDUAL - Singles DOBLES - Doubles
Badminton - Objective of the Game
The objective of the game is to pass the shuttlecock over the net;
Respecting the rules of the game;
Making him play in the opposing field;
Offensive and defensive actions;
To impede that the shuttlecock touches in own field;
Historical Development of the Game in the World
Badminton was started in India with the name of “Poona” ( +- 1850 ).
English officials in service in this country liked the game and they brought it to Europe.
In the decade of 1870, a new version of the sport was played in the property of Badminton, belonging to the Duke of Beaufort's, in Gloucestershire, England.
The first rules were printed in India in 1876.
This is how Badminton was Played during the early years.
In 1934, the International Federation of Badminton was founded (IBF), with nine members: Canada, Denmark, Scotland, France, Holland, England, New Zealand and Country of Wales.
Badminton is played both indoors and outdoors.
Badminton is a physically demanding sport, requiring:
capacity to rapidly accelerate
For factors influencing performance
Equipment The court Net Racket Shuttlecock Players Umpire
Net Net Post Height Net Width
Racket There are several racket types made of different materials. Example: metal, graphite , carbon or ceramic. Handle Shaft Head weight Stringed Area
Racket The first type of rackets used to play Badminton were initially built with wood.
Shuttlecock 16 - Feathers Base
The shuttlecock may be made from natural and/or synthetic materials.
The shuttlecock shall have 16 feathers fixed in the base.
Weight: The shuttle shall weigh from 4.74 to 5.50 grams.
Players Doubles: Feminine or Masculine There are tournaments of : Doubles Mix: Feminine and Masculine Singles: Feminine or Masculine
Counts the points
Confirms the plays
Decides launches then dúblios
Line Judge There are 10 line judges, one for each demarcation of the game.
Service Judge Service judge
Signs of Arbitration Shuttlecock out Shuttlecock inside Movement discontinues of the racket in the execution of the service
Signs of Arbitration Play out of the base of the shuttlecock in the execution of the service Execution of the service in lack of touch with the shuttlecock above the waist Contact with the feet out of the service area or absence of the static position for the server
Individual Technique How to hold the racket ? How to hold the shuttlecock to serve?
Legs beside the racket lightly ahead
Make feet the width of the shoulders
Weight of the body equally distributed by the two feet
Knees slightly bent
Arms semi - bent
Racket at the level of the chest appearing to the front
Techniques – Forehand grip / backhand grip
Techniques - Lob
Techniques - Smash The smash is an aggressive overhead stroke, which if used at the right moment, instantly weakens an opponent´s.
Techniques – Net Drop These are the blows played close and very close the net.
Techniques - Drive
Techniques – Drop Shot
Set up and back-swing as you would for an overhead clear.
Turning your non racquet shoulder to face your target.
Hold your racket arm high with the racket's head behind you, at about shoulder height.
Position yourself behind and beneath the shuttle.
Techniques – Clear Shots
Techniques – Service Forehand service Backhand service
Services / Serve
Service ( or Serve )
Service (serve), in the Badminton, is always accomplished diagonally, as the same with tennis.
Services Position in the block to serve The serve in Badminton is an underhand stroke made on the forehand side of the body.
Services – Trajectories Shuttlecock depends on the adopted tactics
A match consists of the best of 3 games of 21 points.
At 20 all, the side which gains a 2 point lead first, wins that game.
At 29 all, the side scoring the 30th point, wins that game.
Faults – Some Examples Two touches To play in any part of the body To play in the net with racket To play in the net with the body To invade the opposing field To beat in the shuttlecock before passing for your field Transport, to carry the shuttlecock with the racket To be out of the service area. ( in service ) To beat with the racket over the head
Service - Faults
If a service is not correct;
Touches the person or dress of a player;
Touches any other object or person outside the immediate surroundings of the court;
The player distracts the opponent intentionally
Curiosities of Badminton
The best countries in the world in badminton are Indonesia and China, the two together conquered 70% of all of the events of IBF.
Other dominant countries in this sport are: Malaysia, Korea and Denmark.
In spite of being an inoffensive sport, badminton when played by professionals, it can, due to speed of the shuttlecock, offer some danger for the players' eyes. It is advisable to professionals to use protective glasses.
The popularity of badminton was proven during the premiere as an Olympic sport in Barcelona in 1992. Around 1.1 billion people watched the competitions on television.
Now, more than 130 countries are members of the International Federation of Badminton.
Badminton is the fastest racket sport of the world demanding fast reflexes and great physical conditioning. During a professional match the shuttlecock can reach the speed of ± 260km/h!
Tennis vs. Badminton The statistics don't lie, see this comparison among a tennis game (Boris Becker vs. Kevin Curren for All England Championship) and a badminton game (Han Jian vs Morten Frost for the World Badminton Championship): Note : That the badminton players compete only half of the tennis players' time and even so, they run twice as much and they almost hit the double as many of times!