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  • 1. Opportunities forColombian-Netherlandscollaboration in biomassand biobased economy
  • 2. Bio-energy2
  • 3. Renewable energy in the Netherlands Final energy end use and % Renewable Energy 2500 4,5 4,0 2000 3,5PJ % 3,0 1500 2,5 2,0 1000 1,5 500 1,0 0,5 0 0,0 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 3
  • 4. 4 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% Av. 1990-2000 (Realisation) 1,2% Av. 2001-2002 (Realisation) 1,5% Av. 2003-2004 (Realisation) 1,7% Av. 2005-2006 (Realisation) 2,4% Av. 2007-2008 (Realisation) 2009 3,1% (Realisation) 3,7% Av. 2011-2012 (Target) 4,7% Av. 2013-2014 (Target) 5,9% Av. 2015-2016 (Target) 7,6% Renewable energy in the Netherlands Av. 2017-2018 (Target) 9,9% 2020 (Target) 14,0%
  • 5. Final End Use Renewable Energy in the NetherlandsPJ5
  • 6. Dutch National Renewable Energy Action Plan •Renewable Energy Transparency Platform http://ec.europa.eu/energy/renewables/transparency_platform/transparency_platform_en.htm – Forecast documents – Action plans – Sustainability communication6
  • 7. Renewable EnergyStatus 2010: REAP 2020:9% Renewable Electricity Energy obligation: 14%4% Biofuels Proposed: Renewable Electricity: 30% (2/3)4% Renewable Energy Renewable Transport: 10% (1/6) More than half from Biomass, (co-firing in coal fired power plants and biofuels and some heat) and 40% from wind mills Renewable Heat: rest (1/6) 2011: Green Deals - Cofiring - wind on land7
  • 8. Summary: biomass for energy in the Netherlands: -to fullfil goals for sustainable energy large amounts of imported biomass are needed: currently focus on wood chips -imports now mainly from US, Canada -market asks for certification (sustainability criteria) -technical specifications increasingly important -pellets play increasingly important role -innovation: torrefaction to produce high quality fuel from biomass
  • 9. Colombia and first generation biomass for energy -first generation biomass and biofuels are currently used on the domestic market (ethanol and biodiesel) -but soon there will be a surplus of palm oil production: export opportunities -potential for export of second generation biofuels and biomass based on agricultural waste and residues. There are very large amounts of agricultural (bananas, palm oil, coffee, a.o.) and forestry wastes!! -challenges: market prices/competition with other markets, sustainability criteria, infrastructure, competition with local market
  • 10. Colombia and first generation biomass for energy, opportunities-local use is important! -energy production in plants by using residues (EFB oil palm, coffee waste, bagasse) => improvements can be made (projects already funded)-rural energy production (national policy): -off-grid energy production from biomass (waste) -integration with other renewable energy sources (i.e. geothermal heat and biomass transformation)
  • 11. Options for collaborationBiomass Supply - Residues to pellets (torrefaction), from agriculture and forestry (pilot poject on bamboo) - Biomass Gasification to power or upgrading to Green Gas - Develop sustainable supply chains to the Netherlands/ western europe  Biomass for biopower - from agicultural wastes to biopower (pilots on bagasse, POME) - manure to power or upgraded biogas for the grid - waste to power (solid wastes, landfill gas, etc.)  Biopower integrated in biorefineries - In paper/pulp or agro/food industries11
  • 12. Conclusions•Biopower is an integral component of the Dutch Renewable energypolicy, imports are needed!•Netherlands has technologies in all sectors that could be of interestto Colombia•Netherlands is interested in developing sustainable supply chains(use of (port) infrastructure)•Cooperation of all actors in biomass chain is needed•Governments must set clear guidelines on sustainability•Colombia has a great potential for further development of exportsector and local use beyond biofuels12
  • 13. Biobased economy
  • 14. Fharma Farma Gezondheid Health and Fine chemicals en lifestyle lifestyle Food Voeding Food Feedvalue perFormance materialen performance materials Volume Volume Fermentation commodity chemicaliën Chemicals Fermentatie,, commodity chemicals ChemieAdded Fertilizer, bulk chemicaliën chemicals Fuel, transportbrandstoffen transportfuels Energie Energy Fire, electriciteit andwarmte electricity en heat14
  • 15. Biobased Economy NetherlandsSSince 2007 approved policy forBiobased Economy, now part oftopsector strategiesMMatches Economic Strength: logistics, chemical industry,food, energy sector researchCContribute to GHG savingsCPossibilities for internationalcooperation15
  • 16. Biobased Economy in ColombiaThe government vision is to add value to biomass:-Transformative Production Program (PPP) (Ministry of Commerce, Industryand Tourism)-allocation of € 11 million for implementation of Biobased Economy, mostly forthe creation of financing instruments-funds for innovationBut:-initiatives are still in initial phases-focus still limited to cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, personal care products, food, feed, liqor(Ecofys report)
  • 17. Biobased Economy in ColombiaStakeholders (private sector, research):-high expectations-consider sustainability (biodiversity)-include complete value chain-export of final products, not raw materials-Colciencias aims at establising research centres-Sector organisations (Fedepalma, Fedecafe, etc) look at adding value to residues(Ecofys report)
  • 18. Biobased Economy: Opportunities for collaboration-research; linking up with local universities and research institutions on thebroad spectrum of biomass availability, transformation technologies, supplychain development. Looking at high value uses and transformationtechnologies for chemistry.-piloting, testing of (new) technologies-technology transfer, investments (scaling up): partnering with/joint ventureswith local entrepreneurs-policy development… (land use, sustainability criteria, financingopportunities, instruments (subsidies, taxes .....)...)
  • 19. ConclusionsThe Netherlands: -demand for sustainable biomass for energy / fuels is growing -strong technology development in biobased economy -strong research institutions -strong private sectorColombia: -large biomass resources, both primary and waste/residues -policies for domestic use of biomass for energy / fuels -willingness to develop biobased economy, support structures present -research into biobased is developing -private sector willing to invest
  • 20. But: -Colombia is not necessarily high on private sector list of Dutch companies (competes with other countries) -language barrier -image problem -biomass/biobased sector is developing, time is needed, returns more on the long run (patience needed) -need to identify (potential) partners -there are other export opportunities for Colombia/ other investors -infrastructure sub-optimal (but developing) => support is needed to really develop the collaboration
  • 21. Thank you for your attention MORE INFORMATION: WWW.AGENTSCHAPNL.NL/BIOMASS john.veerkamp@agentschapnl.nl QUESTIONS?? 26-4-2012