Ttt  Learning Instruction Mment Mary
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Ttt Learning Instruction Mment Mary Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Learning/Instruction Management Presented by Mary Nassimbeni [email_address]
  • 2. From IL theory to IL programme/s
    • Inputs: IL programme/s will combine IL concepts/theory, learning theory & instructional design
    • Take into account diversity of educational/learning environments, experience/needs of clients, variety of learning styles and types of interventions available
    • Institutional collaboration is vital
    4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
  • 3. Something about learning theory: constructivist approach 4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town Inquiry learning (Bruner) Meaningful learning Cooperative learning (Slavin) Brain-based learning Student-centered learning
  • 4. Constructivist approach (1)
    • Practical problem-solving activity
    • Learning can be achieved by reflective thinking to solve problems through analysis of lifelike problems and potential alternative solutions, i.e. teachers acting as guides rather than as dispensers of information
    4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
  • 5. Constructivist approach (2)
    • Building on prior knowledge (Bruner)
    • People build on their prior knowledge to reach more advanced levels of understanding
    • Learning is an active process of discovery and categorisation
    4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
  • 6. Applications: curriculum
    • Learners are engaged in meaningful, challenging tasks or solving real-world problems
    • People construct their own understanding when they are interested in what they are learning
    4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
  • 7. Applications: learning/teaching
    • Students are given problems and resources to solve them
    • Learning is active & learners are encouraged to be self-directed, taking responsibility for their own learning
    • Interaction among students promotes achievement of learning goals more successfully than learning alone
    4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
  • 8. 4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town Learning Elements Factors in the learning process Multiple intelligences Learning styles Motivation Tools to promote learning process Coaching Questioning
  • 9. Learning Menu 4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town Independent curricular courses Independent workshops Extra curricular courses Courses for faculty/ teachers Other activities: Demonstrations, lectures, library visits, training sessions Embedded in regular course
  • 10. Part of regular course
    • IL intervention is embedded in another regular course as a component: this is generally taken to be an ideal situation in an educational setting and requires joint planning with the lecturer and careful articulation with the subject syllabus
    4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
  • 11. Independent curricular course
    • Courses are offered independently and devoted to IL, but part of students’ curriculum
    • Full responsibility is given to IL professional
    • Plan your course to coincide with academic course
    • Plan exercises/examples to reflect content of subject discipline
    4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
  • 12. Extra-curricular course
    • Independent of faculty curriculum
    • But plan to have it eventually become part of students’ curricula
    • Model it on format of usual type of course
    • Provide recognition of course such as certificate
    4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
  • 13. Independent short courses
    • Means of training specific IL objectives and for updating skills of your learning community
    • But very important to contextualise it
    • A series of short courses can be integrated into a full course
    • Workshops should be focused, preferably marketed with a catchy title
    4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
  • 14. Courses for faculty/teachers
    • These are key actors for the success of any IL programme
    • Very important to convince them of benefits of IL because they own the timetable a very precious space in any institution
    4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
  • 15. Courses for faculty/teachers
    • Find out what they need/their problems, e.g. citation/plagiarism, students’ inability to evaluate web material
    • Be aware of their influence as advocates and champions, so take care to demonstrate your ability as teachers
  • 16. Other activities
    • Create a menu of options
    • Provide information about benefits, objectives
    • Can include demonstrations, lectures, library visits, training sessions
    • Offer on-request sessions
    • Consider help-desk assistance, e.g. trouble shooting with new electronic resources, software applications etc.
    4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
  • 17. Some guidelines
    • Be clear about objectives of each intervention because this will guide content, methods &assessment
    • Where you can, focus on IL standards for every activity
    • Establish measurable outcomes
    • Scalability for large numbers
    4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
  • 18. Some guidelines contd
    • Collaboration with all stakeholders is necessary
    • Work in teams
    • Appoint a leader to coordinate IL
    • Promote your programme/s well using all methods available
    • Periodic review and evaluation
    4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
  • 19. Curriculum design
    • Cf handout on Standards for useful inputs for content/assessment
    • You need to answer a number of questions:
      • What do you teach?
      • Whom do you teach?
      • Why? What are the desired outcomes?
      • How? When? Where?
    4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
  • 20. Some useful websites with examples of programmes
    • University of Wollongong
      • http://www.uow.edu.au/student/attributes/ilip/
    • Griffith University
      • http://www.griffith.edu.au/centre/gihe/
      • griffith_graduate/toolkit/infoLit/why.htm
    • University of Australia
      • http://www.library.unisa.edu.au/infoskills/
      • infolit/default.asp