Classical Civilizations: Persia and Greece
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Classical Civilizations: Persia and Greece

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    Classical Civilizations: Persia and Greece Classical Civilizations: Persia and Greece Presentation Transcript

    • Copyright 2007, Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman
      • I. The Persian Empire: Parallel Power in the Middle East II. The Hellenistic Period III. Creativity in Greek and Hellenistic Culture
      • IV. Patterns of Greek and Hellenistic Society
      • I. The Persian Empire: Parallel Power in the Middle East
      • A. The Persians
      • 550 B.C.E., Cyrus the Great
      • Empire
      • Conquered peoples retain culture
      • Zoroaster
      • Good vs. evil
      • Last judgment
      • I. The Persian Empire: Parallel Power in the Middle East
      • B. The Political Character of Classical Greece
      • Variety of polities Aristocracy generally dominant
      • Literacy
      • From 8th century B.C.E.
      • Iliad, Odyssey
      • Basis for Hellenic culture
      • Architecture
      • Colonnaded buildings
      • Arts
      • Sculpture Black and red pottery
      The Greek World
      • I. The Persian Empire: Parallel Power in the Middle East
      • C. The City-State as a Political Unit
      • City-states (polis)
      • Participation
      • Assemblies, councils
      • 500s
      • Conflict between aristocracy and middling class Reform
      • Solon of Athens
      • Greater participation
      • Poleis deeply united
      • Public religion
      • Political participation
      • Cultural events, e.g. theatre
      • I. The Persian Empire: Parallel Power in the Middle East
      • D. The Rise of Democracy in Athens
      • Solon
      • Peisistratus
      • Cleisthenes
      • Council
      • Popular assembly
      • Oversight of most of the government
      • Offices filled by lot
      • Who was excluded?
      • Women
      • Slaves
      • Foreigners and their children
      • I. The Persian Empire: Parallel Power in the Middle East
      • E. Fragmentation and Unity
      • Colonization
      • Spread of Greek culture
      • Expansion of trade
      • Religious games
      • Truces
      • Competition
      • Olympics
      • Delphi
      • Conflict between cities
      • Persian Wars
      • Temporary unity
      • Delian League
      • Dominated by Athens
      • Athens versus Sparta
      • Political contrast
      • Competing alliances
      • Peloponnesian War, 431-404 B.C.E.
      • Athenian surrender, 404 B.C.E.
      Greece and Greek Colonies, c. 431 B.C.E.
      • II. The Hellenistic Period
      • Spread of Greek rule, Greek culture
      • Formation of a common cultural area
      • Mediterranean, Near East
      • A. Macedonian Conquest
      • Macedon compared to southern Greece
      • Monarchy v. city-state
      • Plains v. mountainous
      • Linguistic differences
      • Philip II (359-336 B.C.E. )
      • By 338 B.C.E. , Greece conquered
      • II. The Hellenistic Period
      • B. Alexander the Great
      • Conquests, 334-331 B.C.E.
      • Into India, Egypt Cities founded
      • Alexandria
      • Death, 323 B.C.E.
      Alexander’s Empire and the Hellenistic World,, c. 323 B.C.E.
      • II. The Hellenistic Period
      • C. Later Hellenistic States
      • Division
      • “ Successor states”
      • Alexander’s generals rule
      • Egypt: Ptolemies
      • Relative stability
      • Persia: Seleucids
      • Macedonia: Antigonids
      • Civil wars
      • Bactria
      • Blend of Indian and Greek culture
      • III. Creativity in Greek and Hellenistic Culture
      • A. Religion, Philosophy, and Science
      • Religion
      • Pantheon of gods with human traits
      • Mystery religions
      • More emotional
      • Philosophy
      • Socrates
      • Skepticism
      • Plato
      • Stoics
      • Moral fortitude
      • Science
      • Pythagoras
      • Euclid
      • Galen
      • Archimedes
      • III. Creativity in Greek and Hellenistic Culture
      • B. Literature and the Visual Arts Drama
      • Public, religious, typified by conflict
      • Sophocles
      • Tragedy
      • Aristophanes
      • Comedy
      • Oral epic
      • Homer
      • History
      • Herodotus
      • Thucydides
      • Visual arts
      • Public
      • e.g. temples, victory sculpture
      • Human achievement central
      • Especially in Hellenistic period
      • III. Creativity in Greek and Hellenistic Culture
      • C. Hellenistic Culture
      • Focus on exact sciences
      • Geometry, medicine, etc.
      • Art more emotional, less idealized
      • Philosophy emphasizes withdrawal, not engagement
      • IV. Patterns of Greek and Hellenistic Society
      • A. Economic and Social Structure
      • Aristocracy
      • Power from land, military role
      • Economic expansion, colonization
      • Challenges role of aristocracy
      • Merchants
      • Ambiguous place in society
      • Slavery
      • From captives
      • B. Men, Women, and Social Divisions Patriarchy
      • Women
      • Legal and cultural disabilities
      • Adultery in men tolerated
      • Punishable in women
      • Some improvement in Hellenistic period
      • IV. Patterns of Greek and Hellenistic Society
      • C. A Complex Legacy
      • Ideas
      • No lasting polities
      • Artistic legacy
      • Direct and indirect
      • Consciously imitated, revived
      • Mingled with Middle Eastern legacy