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<ul><li>I. Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World II. The Life of Muhammad and the Genesis of Islam III. The Arab ...
<ul><li>I. Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World </li></ul><ul><li>Bedouins </li></ul><ul><li>Camel herding </li>...
<ul><li>I. Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World </li></ul><ul><li>B. Marriage and Family in Pre-Islamic Arabia W...
<ul><li>II. The Life of Muhammad and the Genesis of Islam Banu Hasim clan Orphaned Mecca </li></ul><ul><li>Khadijah Revela...
<ul><li>III. The Arab Empire of the Umayyads Death, 632 Succession struggle </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidation and Division i...
<ul><li>IV. From Arab to Islamic Empire: The Early Abassid Era Sunni rule repress Shi’a Baghdad </li></ul><ul><li>New capi...
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6. The First Global Civilization

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Transcript of "6. The First Global Civilization"

  1. 2. <ul><li>I. Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World II. The Life of Muhammad and the Genesis of Islam III. The Arab Empire of the Umayyads IV. From Arab to Islamic Empire: The Early Abassid Era </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>I. Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World </li></ul><ul><li>Bedouins </li></ul><ul><li>Camel herding </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>A. Clan Identity, Clan Rivalries, and the Cycle of Vengeance Clans </li></ul><ul><li>Grouped into tribes Shayks Free warriors Rivalry </li></ul><ul><li>B. Towns and Long-Distance Trade Entrepots Mecca Umayyad clan, Quraysh tribe Ka’ba Medina </li></ul>Arabia and Surrounding Area Before and During the Time of Muhammad
  3. 4. <ul><li>I. Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World </li></ul><ul><li>B. Marriage and Family in Pre-Islamic Arabia Women have important roles </li></ul><ul><li>Polygyny, polyandry </li></ul><ul><li>C. Poet and Neglected Gods Animism, polytheism </li></ul><ul><li>Including Allah </li></ul>Arabia and Surrounding Area Before and During the Time of Muhammad
  4. 5. <ul><li>II. The Life of Muhammad and the Genesis of Islam Banu Hasim clan Orphaned Mecca </li></ul><ul><li>Khadijah Revelations, 610 via Gabriel </li></ul><ul><li>Persecution, Flight, and Victory Ka’ba gods threatened Invited to Medina, 622 Hijra Return to Mecca, 629 </li></ul><ul><li>Arabs and Islam Umma </li></ul><ul><li>Universal Elements in Islam 5 Pillars </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance of Islam </li></ul><ul><li>Prayer Fasting during Ramadan Payment of zakat Hajj </li></ul>The Expansion of the Islamic Empire During the 7th and 8th Centuries
  5. 6. <ul><li>III. The Arab Empire of the Umayyads Death, 632 Succession struggle </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidation and Division in the Islamic Community Abu Bakr </li></ul><ul><li>Ridda Wars </li></ul><ul><li>Motives for Arab Conquest Conversions Booty </li></ul><ul><li>Weaknesses of the Adversary Empires Sassanian Empire Zoroastrianism Dynasty ended, 651 Byzantium </li></ul><ul><li>The Problem of Succession and the Sunni-Shi’a Split Uthman 3rd caliph Murdered </li></ul><ul><li>Ali Rejected by Umayyads Siffin, 657 Loses suppor Assassinated, 661 Son, Hasan, renounces caliphate Son, Husayn Killed, Karbala, 680 Sunni – Umayyads Shi’a – Ali’s descendants Mu’awiya </li></ul><ul><li>Caliph, 660 </li></ul><ul><li>The Umayyad Imperium Push west Stopped at Poitiers, 732 Retain Iberia </li></ul><ul><li>Converts and “People of the Book” Malawi , converts </li></ul><ul><li>Dhimmi , people of the book Jews, Christians </li></ul><ul><li>Later, Zoroastrians and Hindus </li></ul><ul><li>Family and Gender Roles in the Umayyad Age Islamic ideas prevail at first </li></ul><ul><li>Umayyad Decline and Fall Revolts </li></ul><ul><li>Merv Abassid revolt 750, Umayyads defeated by Abassids </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>IV. From Arab to Islamic Empire: The Early Abassid Era Sunni rule repress Shi’a Baghdad </li></ul><ul><li>New capital </li></ul><ul><li>Islamic Conversion and Mawali Acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Town and Country: Commercial Boom and Agrarian Expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Urban expansion Ayan </li></ul><ul><li>The First Flowering of Islamic Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Building </li></ul><ul><li>Mosques, palaces </li></ul>
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