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<ul><li>I. The Challenges of Independence II. Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justice </li></ul>
The Colonial Divisions of Africa and the Emergence of New Nations
The Partition of South Asia: The Formation of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka
<ul><li>I. The Challenges of Independence </li></ul><ul><li>A. The Population Bomb New World foods </li></ul><ul><li>Popul...
<ul><li>I. The Challenges of Independence </li></ul><ul><li>C. Women's Subordination and  the Nature of Feminist Struggles...
<ul><li>II. Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justice </li></ul><ul><li>A. Charismatic Populists and One-Party Rule </li...
<ul><li>II. Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justice </li></ul><ul><li>B. Military Responses: Dictatorships and Revolut...
<ul><li>II. Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justice </li></ul><ul><li>C. The Indian Alternative: Development for Some ...
<ul><li>II. Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justice </li></ul><ul><li>D. Iran: Religious Revivalism and the Rejection ...
<ul><li>II. Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justice </li></ul><ul><li>E. South Africa: The Apartheid State and Its Dem...
<ul><li>II. Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justice </li></ul><ul><li>F. Comparisons of Emerging Nations Patterns </li...
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34. Africa, the Middle East, and Asia

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Transcript of "34. Africa, the Middle East, and Asia"

  1. 2. <ul><li>I. The Challenges of Independence II. Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justice </li></ul>
  2. 3. The Colonial Divisions of Africa and the Emergence of New Nations
  3. 4. The Partition of South Asia: The Formation of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka
  4. 5. <ul><li>I. The Challenges of Independence </li></ul><ul><li>A. The Population Bomb New World foods </li></ul><ul><li>Population control difficult </li></ul><ul><li>cultural factors </li></ul><ul><li>high mortality rates </li></ul><ul><li>B. Parasitic Cities and Endangered Ecosystems Towns </li></ul><ul><li>slums </li></ul><ul><li>become permanent </li></ul><ul><li> towns parasitic </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>I. The Challenges of Independence </li></ul><ul><li>C. Women's Subordination and the Nature of Feminist Struggles in the Postcolonial Era </li></ul><ul><li>Some rulers </li></ul><ul><li>Indira Gandhi </li></ul><ul><li>Corazon Aquino </li></ul><ul><li>Benazir Bhutto </li></ul><ul><li>D. Neocolonialism, Cold War Rivalries, and Stunted Development </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial development </li></ul><ul><li>little success </li></ul><ul><li>Cash crops, minerals </li></ul><ul><li>dependent on prices </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>II. Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justice </li></ul><ul><li>A. Charismatic Populists and One-Party Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Kwame Nkrumah, Ghana Soviet support cocoa, cash crop </li></ul><ul><li>deposed, 1966 </li></ul>The New West African Nations
  7. 8. <ul><li>II. Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justice </li></ul><ul><li>B. Military Responses: Dictatorships and Revolutions </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim Brotherhood </li></ul><ul><li>Hasan al-Banna </li></ul><ul><li>Free Officers, 1930s </li></ul><ul><li>nationalistic </li></ul><ul><li>Gamal Abdul Nasser </li></ul><ul><li>allied with Muslim Brotherhood </li></ul><ul><li>Nasser </li></ul><ul><li>land redistribution </li></ul><ul><li>free education </li></ul><ul><li>food staples regulated </li></ul><ul><li>forced British from Canal zone </li></ul><ul><li>Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Six-Day War, 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>Anwar Sadat </li></ul><ul><li>negotiations with Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Hosni Mubarak </li></ul>The Middle East in the Cold War Era
  8. 9. <ul><li>II. Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justice </li></ul><ul><li>C. The Indian Alternative: Development for Some of the People Indian National Congress </li></ul><ul><li>social reform </li></ul><ul><li>economic development </li></ul><ul><li>democracy </li></ul><ul><li>civil rights </li></ul><ul><li>Jawaharlal Nehru </li></ul><ul><li>Green Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>private investment </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>II. Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justice </li></ul><ul><li>D. Iran: Religious Revivalism and the Rejection of the West </li></ul><ul><li>Pahlavi shahs </li></ul><ul><li>modernization </li></ul><ul><li>alienates religious leaders </li></ul><ul><li>overthrown by Khomeini, 1978 </li></ul><ul><li>Ayatollah Khomeini </li></ul><ul><li>similar to Mahdi </li></ul><ul><li>Radical reform </li></ul><ul><li>Sharia law </li></ul><ul><li>opposition suppressed </li></ul><ul><li>women more restricted </li></ul><ul><li>War with Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>1988, peace </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>II. Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justice </li></ul><ul><li>E. South Africa: The Apartheid State and Its Demise </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalist Party </li></ul><ul><li>Afrikaner </li></ul><ul><li>1948 elections </li></ul><ul><li>Afrikaner rule </li></ul><ul><li>Independence, 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Apartheid </li></ul><ul><li>complete separation </li></ul><ul><li>African National Congress outlawed </li></ul><ul><li>Walter Sisulu, Nelson Mandela, Steve Biko </li></ul><ul><li>Opposition, 1960s </li></ul><ul><li>Economic, political pressure, 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>F.W. DeKlerk </li></ul><ul><li>Mandela freed, 1990 </li></ul><ul><li>Elections, 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Mandela president </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>II. Paths to Economic Growth and Social Justice </li></ul><ul><li>F. Comparisons of Emerging Nations Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>some reflect traditions </li></ul><ul><li>depends on continuity of native culture </li></ul>
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