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<ul><li>I. Latin America After World War II  II. Radical Options in the 1950s  III. Societies in Search of Change </li></ul>
<ul><li>I. Latin America After World War II </li></ul><ul><li>A. Mexico and the PRI Party of the Institutionalized Republi...
<ul><li>II. Radical Options in the 1950s Venezuela, Costa Rica </li></ul><ul><li>reforms </li></ul><ul><li>open elections ...
<ul><li>II. Radical Options in the 1950s B. The Cuban Revolution: Socialism in the Caribbean American influence following ...
<ul><li>II. Radical Options in the 1950s C. The Search for Reform and the Military Option Continuity </li></ul><ul><li>Mex...
<ul><li>II. Radical Options in the 1950s D. Out of the Barracks: Soldiers Take Power Military intervenes in politics, 1960...
<ul><li>II. Radical Options in the 1950s E. The New Democratic Trends Cold war pressures eased in mid-80s </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>II. Radical Options in the 1950s F. The United States and Latin America: Continuing Presence American investors </...
<ul><li>III. Societies in Search of Change </li></ul><ul><li>A. Slow Change in Women's Roles Vote </li></ul><ul><li>Ecuado...
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33. Latin America

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Transcript of "33. Latin America"

  1. 2. <ul><li>I. Latin America After World War II II. Radical Options in the 1950s III. Societies in Search of Change </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>I. Latin America After World War II </li></ul><ul><li>A. Mexico and the PRI Party of the Institutionalized Republic </li></ul><ul><li>economic growth paramount </li></ul><ul><li>Zapatistas </li></ul><ul><li>Chiapas </li></ul><ul><li>NAFTA </li></ul><ul><li>2000 national election </li></ul><ul><li>PRI out </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>II. Radical Options in the 1950s Venezuela, Costa Rica </li></ul><ul><li>reforms </li></ul><ul><li>open elections </li></ul><ul><li>Marxist options </li></ul><ul><li>Bolivia </li></ul><ul><li>mix of radicalism and reaction </li></ul><ul><li>A. Guatemala: Reform and U.S. Intervention Economic disparities </li></ul><ul><li>High mortality rate </li></ul><ul><li>Coffee, banana export </li></ul><ul><li>Labor coalition </li></ul><ul><li>Juan José Arevalo elected, 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>begins land reform </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign interests </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. United Fruit Company </li></ul><ul><li>1951 elections </li></ul><ul><li>Jacobo Arbenz elected </li></ul><ul><li>more radical land reform </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. steps in </li></ul><ul><li>overthrown with CIA help </li></ul><ul><li>Reform ends </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>II. Radical Options in the 1950s B. The Cuban Revolution: Socialism in the Caribbean American influence following Spanish rule </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar export </li></ul><ul><li>Fulgencio Batista, 1934-1944 </li></ul><ul><li>military reformer </li></ul><ul><li>1940, new constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Fidel Castro </li></ul><ul><li>1953, attempted revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Che Guevara </li></ul><ul><li>helps Castro, 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>student, labor support 1958, Batista out </li></ul><ul><li>1961, breaks relations with Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>1962, threat of nuclear war </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing Soviet aid </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>II. Radical Options in the 1950s C. The Search for Reform and the Military Option Continuity </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico, one-party system </li></ul><ul><li>Venezuela, Chile </li></ul><ul><li>Christian Democratic </li></ul><ul><li>Liberation Theology </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>II. Radical Options in the 1950s D. Out of the Barracks: Soldiers Take Power Military intervenes in politics, 1960s </li></ul><ul><li>often U.S.-backed </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>military takes over, 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina </li></ul><ul><li>military coup, 1966 </li></ul><ul><li>Chile </li></ul><ul><li>Salvador Allende, socialist </li></ul><ul><li>overthrown by military, 1973 </li></ul><ul><li>Uruguay, 1973 </li></ul><ul><li>Peru, 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>workers hard-hit </li></ul><ul><li>continuing structural problems </li></ul><ul><li>repression, torture </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>II. Radical Options in the 1950s E. The New Democratic Trends Cold war pressures eased in mid-80s </li></ul><ul><li>Argentina </li></ul><ul><li>elections, 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>Brazil </li></ul><ul><li>presidential elections, 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path), 1990s </li></ul><ul><li>leftist guerillas </li></ul><ul><li>El Salvador, Nicaragua, Guatemala </li></ul><ul><li>truces between governments, rebels </li></ul><ul><li>Panama </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. invades </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>II. Radical Options in the 1950s F. The United States and Latin America: Continuing Presence American investors </li></ul><ul><li>Intervention </li></ul><ul><li>pre-1933, 30 times </li></ul><ul><li>Good Neighbor Policy, 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Franklin D. Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>new involvement </li></ul><ul><li>more indirect involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance for Progress, 1961 </li></ul><ul><li>Jimmy Carter </li></ul><ul><li>civil liberties </li></ul><ul><li>Ronald Reagan, George Bush </li></ul><ul><li>more direct intervention </li></ul>U.S. Military Interventions, 1898-2000
  9. 10. <ul><li>III. Societies in Search of Change </li></ul><ul><li>A. Slow Change in Women's Roles Vote </li></ul><ul><li>Ecuador, 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>some only in 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>Significant progress by mid-80s </li></ul><ul><li>B. The Movement of People Mortality down, fertility up </li></ul><ul><li>Urban growth </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico City, São Paolo, 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>18 million </li></ul><ul><li>shantytowns </li></ul>III. Societies in Search of Change C. Cultural Reflections of Despair and Hope Popular culture strong blend Jorge Luis Borges Gabriel García Marquez
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